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abandoned

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abandoned


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Abandon  \A*ban"don\  ([.a]*b[a^]n"d[u^]n),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. 
  {Abandoned}  (-d[u^]nd);  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Abandoning}.]  [OF. 
  abandoner,  F.  abandonner  a  (L.  ad)  +  bandon  permission, 
  authority,  LL  bandum  bannum  public  proclamation, 
  interdiction,  bannire  to  proclaim,  summon:  of  Germanic 
  origin;  cf  Goth.  bandwjan  to  show  by  signs,  to  designate 
  OHG.  ban  proclamation.  The  word  meant  to  proclaim,  put  under 
  a  ban,  put  under  control;  hence  as  in  OE.,  to  compel, 
  subject,  or  to  leave  in  the  control  of  another,  and  hence  to 
  give  up  See  {Ban}.] 
  1.  To  cast  or  drive  out  to  banish;  to  expel;  to  reject. 
  [Obs.] 
 
  That  he  might  .  .  .  abandon  them  from  him  --Udall. 
 
  Being  all  this  time  abandoned  from  your  bed.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  give  up  absolutely;  to  forsake  entirely;  to  renounce 
  utterly;  to  relinquish  all  connection  with  or  concern  on 
  to  desert,  as  a  person  to  whom  one  owes  allegiance  or 
  fidelity;  to  quit  to  surrender. 
 
  Hope  was  overthrown,  yet  could  not  be  abandoned. 
  --I.  Taylor. 
 
  3.  Reflexively:  To  give  (one's  self)  up  without  attempt  at 
  self-control;  to  yield  (one's  self)  unrestrainedly;  -- 
  often  in  a  bad  sense 
 
  He  abandoned  himself  .  .  .  to  his  favorite  vice. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  4.  (Mar.  Law)  To  relinquish  all  claim  to  --  used  when  an 
  insured  person  gives  up  to  underwriters  all  claim  to  the 
  property  covered  by  a  policy,  which  may  remain  after  loss 
  or  damage  by  a  peril  insured  against. 
 
  Syn:  To  give  up  yield;  forego;  cede;  surrender;  resign; 
  abdicate;  quit  relinquish;  renounce;  desert;  forsake; 
  leave  retire;  withdraw  from 
 
  Usage:  {To  Abandon},  {Desert},  {Forsake}.  These  words  agree 
  in  representing  a  person  as  giving  up  or  leaving  some 
  object,  but  differ  as  to  the  mode  of  doing  it  The 
  distinctive  sense  of  abandon  is  that  of  giving  up  a 
  thing  absolutely  and  finally;  as  to  abandon  one's 
  friends,  places,  opinions,  good  or  evil  habits,  a 
  hopeless  enterprise,  a  shipwrecked  vessel.  Abandon  is 
  more  widely  applicable  than  forsake  or  desert.  The 
  Latin  original  of  desert  appears  to  have  been 
  originally  applied  to  the  case  of  deserters  from 
  military  service.  Hence  the  verb  when  used  of 
  persons  in  the  active  voice,  has  usually  or  always  a 
  bad  sense  implying  some  breach  of  fidelity,  honor, 
  etc.,  the  leaving  of  something  which  the  person  should 
  rightfully  stand  by  and  support;  as  to  desert  one's 
  colors,  to  desert  one's  post  to  desert  one's 
  principles  or  duty.  When  used  in  the  passive,  the 
  sense  is  not  necessarily  bad  as  the  fields  were 
  deserted,  a  deserted  village,  deserted  halls.  Forsake 
  implies  the  breaking  off  of  previous  habit, 
  association,  personal  connection,  or  that  the  thing 
  left  had  been  familiar  or  frequented;  as  to  forsake 
  old  friends,  to  forsake  the  paths  of  rectitude,  the 
  blood  forsook  his  cheeks.  It  may  be  used  either  in  a 
  good  or  in  a  bad  sense 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Abandoned  \A*ban"doned\  ([.a]*b[a^]n"d[u^]nd),  a. 
  1.  Forsaken,  deserted.  ``Your  abandoned  streams.''  --Thomson. 
 
  2.  Self-abandoned,  or  given  up  to  vice;  extremely  wicked,  or 
  sinning  without  restraint;  irreclaimably  wicked;  as  an 
  abandoned  villain. 
 
  Syn:  Profligate;  dissolute;  corrupt;  vicious;  depraved; 
  reprobate;  wicked;  unprincipled;  graceless;  vile. 
 
  Usage:  {Abandoned},  {Profligate},  {Reprobate}.  These 
  adjectives  agree  in  expressing  the  idea  of  great 
  personal  depravity.  {Profligate}  has  reference  to  open 
  and  shameless  immoralities,  either  in  private  life  or 
  political  conduct;  as  a  {profligate}  court,  a 
  {profligate}  ministry.  {Abandoned}  is  stronger,  and 
  has  reference  to  the  searing  of  conscience  and 
  hardening  of  heart  produced  by  a  man's  giving  himself 
  wholly  up  to  iniquity;  as  a  man  of  {abandoned} 
  character.  {Reprobate}  describes  the  condition  of  one 
  who  has  become  insensible  to  reproof,  and  who  is 
  morally  abandoned  and  lost  beyond  hope  of  recovery. 
 
  God  gave  them  over  to  a  reprobate  mind.  --Rom. 
  i.  28. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  abandoned 
  adj  1:  no  longer  inhabited;  "weed-grown  yard  of  an  abandoned 
  farmhouse" 
  2:  left  desolate  or  empty;  "an  abandoned  child";  "their 
  deserted  wives  and  children";  "an  abandoned  shack"; 
  "deserted  villages"  [syn:  {deserted}] 
  3:  free  from  constraint;  "an  abandoned  sadness  born  of  grief"- 
  Liam  O'Flaherty 




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