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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  father  of  abundance,  or  my  father  excels,  the  son  of  Ahimelech 
  the  high  priest.  He  was  the  tenth  high  priest,  and  the  fourth  in 
  descent  from  Eli.  When  his  father  was  slain  with  the  priests  of 
  Nob,  he  escaped,  and  bearing  with  him  the  ephod,  he  joined 
  David,  who  was  then  in  the  cave  of  Adullam  (1  Sam.  22:20-23; 
  23:6).  He  remained  with  David,  and  became  priest  of  the  party  of 
  which  he  was  the  leader  (1  Sam.  30:7).  When  David  ascended  the 
  throne  of  Judah,  Abiathar  was  appointed  high  priest  (1  Chr. 
  15:11;  1  Kings  2:26)  and  the  "king's  companion"  (1  Chr.  27:34). 
  Meanwhile  Zadok,  of  the  house  of  Eleazar,  had  been  made  high 
  priest.  These  appointments  continued  in  force  till  the  end  of 
  David's  reign  (1  Kings  4:4).  Abiathar  was  deposed  (the  sole 
  historical  instance  of  the  deposition  of  a  high  priest)  and 
  banished  to  his  home  at  Anathoth  by  Solomon,  because  he  took 
  part  in  the  attempt  to  raise  Adonijah  to  the  throne.  The 
  priesthood  thus  passed  from  the  house  of  Ithamar  (1  Sam. 
  2:30-36;  1  Kings  1:19;  2:26,  27).  Zadok  now  became  sole  high 
  priest.  In  Mark  2:26,  reference  is  made  to  an  occurrence  in  "the 
  days  of  Abiathar  the  high  priest."  But  from  1  Sam.  22,  we  learn 
  explicitly  that  this  event  took  place  when  Ahimelech,  the  father 
  of  Abiathar,  was  high  priest.  The  apparent  discrepancy  is 
  satisfactorily  explained  by  interpreting  the  words  in  Mark  as 
  referring  to  the  life-time  of  Abiathar,  and  not  to  the  term  of 
  his  holding  the  office  of  high  priest.  It  is  not  implied  in  Mark 
  that  he  was  actual  high  priest  at  the  time  referred  to  Others 
  however,  think  that  the  loaves  belonged  to  Abiathar,  who  was  at 
  that  time  (Lev.  24:9)  a  priest,  and  that  he  either  himself  gave 
  them  to  David,  or  persuaded  his  father  to  give  them 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Abiathar,  excellent  father;  father  of  the  remnant