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abimelech


abimelech


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Abimelech 
  my  father  a  king,  or  father  of  a  king,  a  common  name  of  the 
  Philistine  kings,  as  Pharaoh"  was  of  the  Egyptian  kings.  (1.) 
  The  Philistine  king  of  Gerar  in  the  time  of  Abraham  (Gen. 
  20:1-18).  By  an  interposition  of  Providence,  Sarah  was  delivered 
  from  his  harem,  and  was  restored  to  her  husband  Abraham.  As  a 
  mark  of  respect  he  gave  to  Abraham  valuable  gifts,  and  offered 
  him  a  settlement  in  any  part  of  his  country;  while  at  the  same 
  time  he  delicately  and  yet  severely  rebuked  him  for  having 
  practised  a  deception  upon  him  in  pretending  that  Sarah  was  only 
  his  sister.  Among  the  gifts  presented  by  the  king  were  a 
  thousand  pieces  of  silver  as  a  "covering  of  the  eyes"  for  Sarah; 
  i.e.,  either  as  an  atoning  gift  and  a  testimony  of  her  innocence 
  in  the  sight  of  all  or  rather  for  the  purpose  of  procuring  a 
  veil  for  Sarah  to  conceal  her  beauty,  and  thus  as  a  reproof  to 
  her  for  not  having  worn  a  veil  which  as  a  married  woman,  she 
  ought  to  have  done  A  few  years  after  this  Abimelech  visited 
  Abraham,  who  had  removed  southward  beyond  his  territory,  and 
  there  entered  into  a  league  of  peace  and  friendship  with  him 
  This  league  was  the  first  of  which  we  have  any  record.  It  was 
  confirmed  by  a  mutual  oath  at  Beer-sheba  (Gen.  21:22-34). 
 
  (2.)  A  king  of  Gerar  in  the  time  of  Isaac,  probably  the  son  of 
  the  preceeding  (Gen.  26:1-22).  Isaac  sought  refuge  in  his 
  territory  during  a  famine,  and  there  he  acted  a  part  with 
  reference  to  his  wife  Rebekah  similar  to  that  of  his  father 
  Abraham  with  reference  to  Sarah.  Abimelech  rebuked  him  for  the 
  deception,  which  he  accidentally  discovered.  Isaac  settled  for  a 
  while  here  and  prospered.  Abimelech  desired  him  however,  to 
  leave  his  territory,  which  Isaac  did  Abimelech  afterwards 
  visited  him  when  he  was  encamped  at  Beer-sheba,  and  expressed  a 
  desire  to  renew  the  covenant  which  had  been  entered  into  between 
  their  fathers  (Gen.  26:26-31). 
 
  (3.)  A  son  of  Gideon  (Judg.  9:1),  who  was  proclaimed  king 
  after  the  death  of  his  father  (Judg.  8:33-9:6).  One  of  his  first 
  acts  was  to  murder  his  brothers,  seventy  in  number,  "on  one 
  stone,"  at  Ophrah.  Only  one  named  Jotham  escaped.  He  was  an 
  unprincipled,  ambitious  ruler,  often  engaged  in  war  with  his  own 
  subjects.  When  engaged  in  reducing  the  town  of  Thebez,  which  had 
  revolted,  he  was  struck  mortally  on  his  head  by  a  mill-stone, 
  thrown  by  the  hand  of  a  woman  from  the  wall  above.  Perceiving 
  that  the  wound  was  mortal,  he  desired  his  armour-bearer  to 
  thrust  him  through  with  his  sword,  that  it  might  not  be  said  he 
  had  perished  by  the  hand  of  a  woman  (Judg.  9:50-57). 
 
  (4.)  The  son  of  Abiathar,  and  high  priest  in  the  time  of  David 
  (1  Chr.  18:16).  In  the  parallel  passage,  2  Sam.  8:17,  we  have 
  the  name  Ahimelech,  and  Abiathar,  the  son  of  Ahimelech.  This 
  most  authorities  consider  the  more  correct  reading.  (5.)  Achish, 
  king  of  Gath,  in  the  title  of  Ps  34.  (Comp.  1  Sam.  21:10-15.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Abimelech,  father  of  the  king