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abrus

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abrus


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Pea  \Pea\,  n.;  pl  {Peas}or  {Pease}.  [OE.  pese,  fr  AS  pisa,  or 
  OF  peis,  F.  pois;  both  fr  L.  pisum;  cf  Gr  ?,  ?.  The  final 
  s  was  misunderstood  in  English  as  a  plural  ending.  Cf 
  {Pease}.] 
  1.  (Bot.)  A  plant,  and  its  fruit,  of  the  genus  {Pisum},  of 
  many  varieties,  much  cultivated  for  food.  It  has  a 
  papilionaceous  flower,  and  the  pericarp  is  a  legume, 
  popularly  called  a  pod. 
 
  Note:  When  a  definite  number,  more  than  one  is  spoken  of 
  the  plural  form  peas  is  used  as  the  pod  contained 
  nine  peas;  but  in  a  collective  sense  the  form  pease 
  is  preferred;  as  a  bushel  of  pease;  they  had  pease  at 
  dinner.  This  distinction  is  not  always  preserved,  the 
  form  peas  being  used  in  both  senses 
 
  2.  A  name  given  especially  in  the  Southern  States,  to  the 
  seed  of  several  leguminous  plants  (species  of  {Dolichos}, 
  {Cicer},  {Abrus},  etc.)  esp.  those  having  a  scar  (hilum) 
  of  a  different  color  from  the  rest  of  the  seed. 
 
  Note:  The  name  pea  is  given  to  many  leguminous  plants  more  or 
  less  closely  related  to  the  common  pea.  See  the 
  Phrases,  below. 
 
  {Beach  pea}  (Bot.),  a  seashore  plant,  {Lathyrus  maritimus}. 
 
 
  {Black-eyed  pea},  a  West  Indian  name  for  {Dolichos 
  sph[ae]rospermus}  and  its  seed. 
 
  {Butterfly  pea},  the  American  plant  {Clitoria  Mariana}, 
  having  showy  blossoms. 
 
  {Chick  pea}.  See  {Chick-pea}. 
 
  {Egyptian  pea}.  Same  as  {Chick-pea}. 
 
  {Everlasting  pea}.  See  under  {Everlasting}. 
 
  {Glory  pea}.  See  under  {Glory},  n. 
 
  {Hoary  pea},  any  plant  of  the  genus  {Tephrosia};  goat's  rue. 
 
 
  {Issue  pea},  {Orris  pea}.  (Med.)  See  under  {Issue},  and 
  {Orris}. 
 
  {Milk  pea}.  (Bot.)  See  under  {Milk}. 
 
  {Pea  berry},  a  kind  of  a  coffee  bean  or  grain  which  grows 
  single,  and  is  round  or  pea-shaped;  often  used 
  adjectively;  as  pea-berry  coffee. 
 
  {Pea  bug}.  (Zo["o]l.)  Same  as  {Pea  weevil}. 
 
  {Pea  coal},  a  size  of  coal  smaller  than  nut  coal. 
 
  {Pea  crab}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  small  crab  of  the  genus 
  {Pinnotheres},  living  as  a  commensal  in  bivalves;  esp., 
  the  European  species  ({P.  pisum})  which  lives  in  the 
  common  mussel  and  the  cockle. 
 
  {Pea  dove}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  American  ground  dove. 
 
  {Pea-flower  tribe}  (Bot.),  a  suborder  ({Papilionace[ae]})  of 
  leguminous  plants  having  blossoms  essentially  like  that  of 
  the  pea.  --G.  Bentham. 
 
  {Pea  maggot}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  a  European  moth 
  ({Tortrix  pisi}),  which  is  very  destructive  to  peas. 
 
  {Pea  ore}  (Min.),  argillaceous  oxide  of  iron,  occurring  in 
  round  grains  of  a  size  of  a  pea;  pisolitic  ore. 
 
  {Pea  starch},  the  starch  or  flour  of  the  common  pea,  which  is 
  sometimes  used  in  adulterating  wheat  flour,  pepper,  etc 
 
 
  {Pea  tree}  (Bot.),  the  name  of  several  leguminous  shrubs  of 
  the  genus  {Caragana},  natives  of  Siberia  and  China. 
 
  {Pea  vine}.  (Bot.) 
  a  Any  plant  which  bears  peas. 
  b  A  kind  of  vetch  or  tare,  common  in  the  United  States 
  ({Lathyrus  Americana},  and  other  similar  species). 
 
  {Pea  weevil}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  weevil  ({Bruchus  pisi}) 
  which  destroys  peas  by  eating  out  the  interior. 
 
  {Pigeon  pea}.  (Bot.)  See  {Pigeon  pea}. 
 
  {Sweet  pea}  (Bot.),  the  annual  plant  {Lathyrus  odoratus}; 
  also  its  many-colored,  sweet-scented  blossoms. 




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