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accad


accad


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Accadian  \Ac*ca"di*an\,  a.  [From  the  city  Accad.  See  Gen.  x. 
  10.] 
  Pertaining  to  a  race  supposed  to  have  lived  in  Babylonia 
  before  the  Assyrian  conquest.  --  {Ac*ca"di*an},  n.,  {Ac"cad}, 
  n.  --Sayce. 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Accad 
  the  high  land  or  mountains,  a  city  in  the  land  of  Shinar.  It  has 
  been  identified  with  the  mounds  of  Akker  Kuf  some  50  miles  to 
  the  north  of  Babylon;  but  this  is  doubtful.  It  was  one  of  the 
  cities  of  Nimrod's  kingdom  (Ge  10:10).  It  stood  close  to  the 
  Euphrates,  opposite  Sippara  (See  {SEPHARVAIM}.) 
 
  It  is  also  the  name  of  the  country  of  which  this  city  was  the 
  capital,  namely,  northern  or  upper  Babylonia.  The  Accadians  who 
  came  from  the  "mountains  of  the  east,"  where  the  ark  rested, 
  attained  to  a  high  degree  of  civilization.  In  the  Babylonian 
  inscriptions  they  are  called  "the  black  heads"  and  "the  black 
  faces,"  in  contrast  to  "the  white  race"  of  Semitic  descent.  They 
  invented  the  form  of  writing  in  pictorial  hieroglyphics,  and 
  also  the  cuneiform  system,  in  which  they  wrote  many  books  partly 
  on  papyrus  and  partly  on  clay.  The  Semitic  Babylonians  ("the 
  white  race"),  or  as  some  scholars  think,  first  the  Cushites 
  and  afterwards,  as  a  second  immigration,  the  Semites,  invaded 
  and  conquered  this  country;  and  then  the  Accadian  language 
  ceased  to  be  a  spoken  language,  although  for  the  sake  of  its 
  literary  treasures  it  continued  to  be  studied  by  the  educated 
  classes  of  Babylonia.  A  large  portion  of  the  Ninevite  tablets 
  brought  to  light  by  Oriental  research  consists  of  interlinear  or 
  parallel  translations  from  Accadian  into  Assyrian;  and  thus  that 
  long-forgotten  language  has  been  recovered  by  scholars.  It 
  belongs  to  the  class  of  languages  called  agglutinative,  common 
  to  the  Tauranian  race;  i.e.,  it  consists  of  words  "glued 
  together,"  without  declension  of  conjugation.  These  tablets  in  a 
  remarkable  manner  illustrate  ancient  history.  Among  other 
  notable  records,  they  contain  an  account  of  the  Creation  which 
  closely  resembles  that  given  in  the  book  of  Genesis,  of  the 
  Sabbath  as  a  day  of  rest,  and  of  the  Deluge  and  its  cause  (See 
  {BABYLON};  {CHALDEA}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Accad,  a  vessel;  pitcher;  spark