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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  the  name  originally  of  a  narrow  strip  of  territory  in  Greece,  on 
  the  north-west  of  the  Peloponnesus.  Subsequently  it  was  applied 
  by  the  Romans  to  the  whole  Peloponnesus,  now  called  the  Morea, 
  and  the  south  of  Greece.  It  was  then  one  of  the  two  provinces 
  (Macedonia  being  the  other)  into  which  they  divided  the  country 
  when  it  fell  under  their  dominion.  It  is  in  this  latter  enlarged 
  meaning  that  the  name  is  always  used  in  the  New  Testament  (Acts 
  18:12,  27;  19:21;  Rom.  15:  26;  16:5,  etc.).  It  was  at  the  time 
  when  Luke  wrote  the  Acts  of  the  Apostles  under  the  proconsular 
  form  of  government;  hence  the  appropriate  title  given  to  Gallio 
  as  the  "deputy,"  i.e.,  proconsul,  of  Achaia  (Acts  18:12). 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Achaia,  grief;  trouble