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  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Black  \Black\,  a.  [OE.  blak,  AS  bl[ae]c;  akin  to  Icel.  blakkr 
  dark,  swarthy,  Sw  bl["a]ck  ink,  Dan.  bl[ae]k,  OHG.  blach, 
  LG  &  D.  blaken  to  burn  with  a  black  smoke.  Not  akin  to  AS 
  bl[=a]c,  E.  bleak  pallid.  ?98.] 
  1.  Destitute  of  light,  or  incapable  of  reflecting  it  of  the 
  color  of  soot  or  coal;  of  the  darkest  or  a  very  dark 
  color,  the  opposite  of  white;  characterized  by  such  a 
  color;  as  black  cloth;  black  hair  or  eyes. 
  O  night,  with  hue  so  black!  --Shak. 
  2.  In  a  less  literal  sense:  Enveloped  or  shrouded  in 
  darkness;  very  dark  or  gloomy;  as  a  black  night;  the 
  heavens  black  with  clouds. 
  I  spy  a  black,  suspicious,  threatening  cloud. 
  3.  Fig.:  Dismal,  gloomy,  or  forbidding,  like  darkness; 
  destitute  of  moral  light  or  goodness;  atrociously  wicked; 
  cruel;  mournful;  calamitous;  horrible.  ``This  day's  black 
  fate.''  ``Black  villainy.''  ``Arise,  black  vengeance.'' 
  ``Black  day.''  ``Black  despair.''  --Shak. 
  4.  Expressing  menace,  or  discontent;  threatening;  sullen; 
  foreboding;  as  to  regard  one  with  black  looks 
  Note:  Black  is  often  used  in  self-explaining  compound  words 
  as  black-eyed,  black-faced,  black-haired, 
  {Black  act},  the  English  statute  9  George  I,  which  makes  it  a 
  felony  to  appear  armed  in  any  park  or  warren,  etc.,  or  to 
  hunt  or  steal  deer,  etc.,  with  the  face  blackened  or 
  disguised.  Subsequent  acts  inflicting  heavy  penalties  for 
  malicious  injuries  to  cattle  and  machinery  have  been 
  called  black  acts 
  {Black  angel}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  fish  of  the  West  Indies  and 
  Florida  ({Holacanthus  tricolor}),  with  the  head  and  tail 
  yellow,  and  the  middle  of  the  body  black. 
  {Black  antimony}  (Chem.),  the  black  sulphide  of  antimony, 
  {Sb2S3},  used  in  pyrotechnics,  etc 
  {Black  bear}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  common  American  bear  ({Ursus 
  {Black  beast}.  See  {B[^e]te  noire}. 
  {Black  beetle}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  common  large  cockroach 
  ({Blatta  orientalis}). 
  {Black  and  blue},  the  dark  color  of  a  bruise  in  the  flesh, 
  which  is  accompanied  with  a  mixture  of  blue.  ``To  pinch 
  the  slatterns  black  and  blue.''  --Hudibras. 
  {Black  bonnet}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  black-headed  bunting  ({Embriza 
  Sch[oe]niclus})  of  Europe. 
  {Black  canker},  a  disease  in  turnips  and  other  crops, 
  produced  by  a  species  of  caterpillar. 
  {Black  cat}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  fisher,  a  quadruped  of  North 
  America  allied  to  the  sable,  but  larger.  See  {Fisher}. 
  {Black  cattle},  any  bovine  cattle  reared  for  slaughter,  in 
  distinction  from  dairy  cattle.  [Eng.] 
  {Black  cherry}.  See  under  {Cherry}. 
  {Black  cockatoo}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  palm  cockatoo.  See 
  {Black  copper}.  Same  as  {Melaconite}. 
  {Black  currant}.  (Bot.)  See  {Currant}. 
  {Black  diamond}.  (Min.)  See  {Carbonado}. 
  {Black  draught}  (Med.),  a  cathartic  medicine,  composed  of 
  senna  and  magnesia. 
  {Black  drop}  (Med.),  vinegar  of  opium;  a  narcotic  preparation 
  consisting  essentially  of  a  solution  of  opium  in  vinegar. 
  {Black  earth},  mold;  earth  of  a  dark  color.  --Woodward. 
  {Black  flag},  the  flag  of  a  pirate,  often  bearing  in  white  a 
  skull  and  crossbones;  a  signal  of  defiance. 
  {Black  flea}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  flea  beetle  ({Haltica  nemorum}) 
  injurious  to  turnips. 
  {Black  flux},  a  mixture  of  carbonate  of  potash  and  charcoal, 
  obtained  by  deflagrating  tartar  with  half  its  weight  of 
  niter.  --Brande  &  C. 
  {Black  fly}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  In  the  United  States,  a  small  venomous,  two-winged 
  fly  of  the  genus  {Simulium}  of  several  species, 
  exceedingly  abundant  and  troublesome  in  the  northern 
  forests.  The  larv[ae]  are  aquatic. 
  b  A  black  plant  louse,  as  the  bean  aphis  ({A.  fab[ae]}). 
  {Black  Forest}  [a  translation  of  G.  Schwarzwald],  a  forest  in 
  Baden  and  W["u]rtemburg,  in  Germany;  a  part  of  the  ancient 
  Hercynian  forest. 
  {Black  game},  or  {Black  grouse}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Blackcock}, 
  {Grouse},  and  {Heath  grouse}. 
  {Black  grass}  (Bot.),  a  grasslike  rush  of  the  species  {Juncus 
  Gerardi},  growing  on  salt  marshes,  and  making  good  hay. 
  {Black  gum}  (Bot.),  an  American  tree,  the  tupelo  or 
  pepperidge.  See  {Tupelo}. 
  {Black  Hamburg  (grape)}  (Bot.),  a  sweet  and  juicy  variety  of 
  dark  purple  or  ``black''  grape. 
  {Black  horse}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  fish  of  the  Mississippi  valley 
  ({Cycleptus  elongatus}),  of  the  sucker  family;  the 
  Missouri  sucker. 
  {Black  lemur}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  {Lemurniger}  of  Madagascar;  the 
  {acoumbo}  of  the  natives. 
  {Black  list},  a  list  of  persons  who  are  for  some  reason 
  thought  deserving  of  censure  or  punishment;  --  esp.  a  list 
  of  persons  stigmatized  as  insolvent  or  untrustworthy,  made 
  for  the  protection  of  tradesmen  or  employers.  See 
  {Blacklist},  v.  t. 
  {Black  manganese}  (Chem.),  the  black  oxide  of  manganese, 
  {Black  Maria},  the  close  wagon  in  which  prisoners  are  carried 
  to  or  from  jail. 
  {Black  martin}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  chimney  swift.  See  {Swift}. 
  {Black  moss}  (Bot.),  the  common  so-called  long  moss  of  the 
  southern  United  States.  See  {Tillandsia}. 
  {Black  oak}.  See  under  {Oak}. 
  {Black  ocher}.  See  {Wad}. 
  {Black  pigment},  a  very  fine,  light  carbonaceous  substance, 
  or  lampblack,  prepared  chiefly  for  the  manufacture  of 
  printers'  ink.  It  is  obtained  by  burning  common  coal  tar. 
  {Black  plate},  sheet  iron  before  it  is  tinned.  --Knight. 
  {Black  quarter},  malignant  anthrax  with  engorgement  of  a 
  shoulder  or  quarter,  etc.,  as  of  an  ox 
  {Black  rat}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  the  species  of  rats  ({Mus 
  rattus}),  commonly  infesting  houses. 
  {Black  rent}.  See  {Blackmail},  n.,  3. 
  {Black  rust},  a  disease  of  wheat,  in  which  a  black,  moist 
  matter  is  deposited  in  the  fissures  of  the  grain. 
  {Black  sheep},  one  in  a  family  or  company  who  is  unlike  the 
  rest,  and  makes  trouble. 
  {Black  silver}.  (Min.)  See  under  {Silver}. 
  {Black  and  tan},  black  mixed  or  spotted  with  tan  color  or 
  reddish  brown;  --  used  in  describing  certain  breeds  of 
  {Black  tea}.  See  under  {Tea}. 
  {Black  tin}  (Mining),  tin  ore  (cassiterite),  when  dressed, 
  stamped  and  washed,  ready  for  smelting.  It  is  in  the  form 
  of  a  black  powder,  like  fine  sand.  --Knight. 
  {Black  walnut}.  See  under  {Walnut}. 
  {Black  warrior}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  American  hawk  ({Buteo 
  Syn:  Dark;  murky;  pitchy;  inky;  somber;  dusky;  gloomy;  swart; 
  Cimmerian;  ebon;  atrocious.