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adder

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adder


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Adder  \Add"er\,  n.  [See  {Add}.] 
  One  who  or  that  which  adds;  esp.,  a  machine  for  adding 
  numbers. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Adder  \Ad"der\,  n.  [OE.  addere,  naddere  eddre  AS  n[ae]dre, 
  adder,  snake;  akin  to  OS  nadra  OHG.  natra,  natara  Ger. 
  natter,  Goth.  nadrs  Icel.  na[eth]r,  masc.,  na[eth]ra,  fem.: 
  cf  W.  neidr  Gorn.  naddyr  Ir  nathair  L.  natrix,  water 
  snake.  An  adder  is  for  a  nadder.] 
  1.  A  serpent.  [Obs.]  ``The  eddre  seide  to  the  woman.'' 
  --Wyclif.  Gen.  iii.  4.  ) 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  small  venomous  serpent  of  the  genus  {Vipera}.  The 
  common  European  adder  is  the  {Vipera  (or  Pelias) 
  berus}.  The  puff  adders  of  Africa  are  species  of 
  {Clotho}. 
  b  In  America,  the  term  is  commonly  applied  to  several 
  harmless  snakes,  as  the  {milk  adder},  {puffing  adder}, 
  etc 
  c  Same  as  {Sea  Adder}. 
 
  Note:  In  the  sculptures  the  appellation  is  given  to  several 
  venomous  serpents,  --  sometimes  to  the  horned  viper 
  ({Cerastles}). 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  adder 
  n  :  small  terrestrial  viper  common  in  northern  Eurasia  [syn:  {common 
  viper},  {Vipera  berus}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Adder 
  (Ps.  140:3;  Rom.  3:13,  "asp")  is  the  rendering  of  (1.)  Akshub 
  ("coiling"  or  "lying  in  wait"),  properly  an  asp  or  viper,  found 
  only  in  this  passage.  (2.)  Pethen  ("twisting"),  a  viper  or 
  venomous  serpent  identified  with  the  cobra  (Naja  haje)  (Ps. 
  58:4;  91:13);  elsewhere  "asp."  (3.)  Tziphoni  ("hissing")  (Prov. 
  23:32);  elsewhere  rendered  "cockatrice,"  Isa.  11:8;  14:29;  59:5; 
  Jer.  8:17,  as  it  is  here  in  the  margin  of  the  Authorized 
  Version.  The  Revised  Version  has  "basilisk."  This  may  have  been 
  the  yellow  viper,  the  Daboia  xanthina,  the  largest  and  most 
  dangerous  of  the  vipers  of  Palestine.  (4.)  Shephiphon 
  ("creeping"),  occurring  only  in  Gen.  49:17,  the  small  speckled 
  venomous  snake,  the  "horned  snake,"  or  cerastes.  Dan  is  compared 
  to  this  serpent,  which  springs  from  its  hiding-place  on  the 
  passer-by. 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  ADDER,  n.  A  species  of  snake.  So  called  from  its  habit  of  adding 
  funeral  outlays  to  the  other  expenses  of  living. 
 
 




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