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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  one  of  the  royal  cities  of  the  Canaanites,  now  'Aid-el-ma  (Josh. 
  12:15;  15:35).  It  stood  on  the  old  Roman  road  in  the  valley  of 
  Elah  (q.v.),  which  was  the  scene  of  David's  memorable  victory 
  over  Goliath  (1  Sam.  17:2),  and  not  far  from  Gath.  It  was  one  of 
  the  towns  which  Rehoboam  fortified  against  Egypt  (2  Chr.  11:7). 
  It  was  called  "the  glory  of  Israel"  (Micah  1:15). 
  The  Cave  of  Adullam  has  been  discovered  about  2  miles  south  of 
  the  scene  of  David's  triumph,  and  about  13  miles  west  from 
  Bethlehem.  At  this  place  is  a  hill  some  500  feet  high  pierced 
  with  numerous  caverns,  in  one  of  which  David  gathered  together 
  "every  one  that  was  in  distress,  and  every  one  that  was  in  debt, 
  and  every  one  that  was  discontented"  (1  Sam.  22:2).  Some  of 
  these  caverns  are  large  enough  to  hold  200  or  300  men.  According 
  to  tradition  this  cave  was  at  Wady  Khureitun  between  Bethlehem 
  and  the  Dead  Sea,  but  this  view  cannot  be  well  maintained. 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Adullam,  their  testimony;  their  prey;  their  ornament