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  2  definitions  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  There  are  three  kings  designated  by  this  name  in  Scripture.  (1.) 
  The  father  of  Darius  the  Mede,  mentioned  in  Dan.  9:1.  This  was 
  probably  the  Cyaxares  I.  known  by  this  name  in  profane  history, 
  the  king  of  Media  and  the  conqueror  of  Nineveh. 
  (2.)  The  king  mentioned  in  Ezra  4:6,  probably  the  Cambyses  of 
  profane  history,  the  son  and  successor  of  Cyrus  (B.C.  529). 
  (3.)  The  son  of  Darius  Hystaspes  the  king  named  in  the  Book 
  of  Esther.  He  ruled  over  the  kingdoms  of  Persia,  Media,  and 
  Babylonia,  "from  India  to  Ethiopia."  This  was  in  all  probability 
  the  Xerxes  of  profane  history,  who  succeeded  his  father  Darius 
  (B.C.  485).  In  the  LXX.  version  of  the  Book  of  Esther  the  name 
  Artaxerxes  occurs  for  Ahasuerus.  He  reigned  for  twenty-one  years 
  (B.C.  486-465).  He  invaded  Greece  with  an  army,  it  is  said  of 
  more  than  2,000,000  soldiers,  only  5,000  of  whom  returned  with 
  him  Leonidas,  with  his  famous  300,  arrested  his  progress  at  the 
  Pass  of  Thermopylae,  and  then  he  was  defeated  disastrously  by 
  Themistocles  at  Salamis.  It  was  after  his  return  from  this 
  invasion  that  Esther  was  chosen  as  his  queen. 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
  Ahasuerus,  prince;  head;  chief