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alto-rilievo

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alto-rilievo


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Relief  \Re*lief"\  (r?-l?f"),  n.  [OE.  relef,  F.  relief,  properly, 
  a  lifting  up  a  standing  out  See  {Relieve},  and  cf 
  {Basrelief},  {Rilievi}.] 
  1.  The  act  of  relieving,  or  the  state  of  being  relieved;  the 
  removal,  or  partial  removal,  of  any  evil,  or  of  anything 
  oppressive  or  burdensome,  by  which  some  ease  is  obtained; 
  succor;  alleviation;  comfort;  ease;  redress. 
 
  He  sees  the  dire  contagion  spread  so  fast  That 
  where  it  seizes,  all  relief  is  vain.  --Dryden. 
 
  2.  Release  from  a  post  or  from  the  performance  of  duty,  by 
  the  intervention  of  others  by  discharge,  or  by  relay;  as 
  a  relief  of  a  sentry. 
 
  For  this  relief  much  thanks;  'tis  bitter  cold. 
  --Shak. 
 
  3.  That  which  removes  or  lessens  evil,  pain,  discomfort, 
  uneasiness,  etc.;  that  which  gives  succor,  aid,  or 
  comfort;  also  the  person  who  relieves  from  performance  of 
  duty  by  taking  the  place  of  another;  a  relay. 
 
  4.  (Feudal  Law)  A  fine  or  composition  which  the  heir  of  a 
  deceased  tenant  paid  to  the  lord  for  the  privilege  of 
  taking  up  the  estate,  which  on  strict  feudal  principles, 
  had  lapsed  or  fallen  to  the  lord  on  the  death  of  the 
  tenant. 
 
  5.  (Sculp.  &  Arch.)  The  projection  of  a  figure  above  the 
  ground  or  plane  on  which  it  is  formed. 
 
  Note:  Relief  is  of  three  kinds,  namely,  {high  relief} 
  ({altorilievo}),  {low  relief},  ({basso-rilievo}),  and 
  {demirelief}  ({mezzo-rilievo}).  See  these  terms  in  the 
  Vocabulary. 
 
  6.  (Paint.)  The  appearance  of  projection  given  by  shading, 
  shadow,  etc.,  to  any  figure. 
 
  7.  (Fort.)  The  height  to  which  works  are  raised  above  the 
  bottom  of  the  ditch.  --Wilhelm. 
 
  8.  (Physical  Geog.)  The  elevations  and  surface  undulations  of 
  a  country.  --Guyot. 
 
  {Relief  valve},  a  valve  arranged  for  relieving  pressure  of 
  steam,  gas,  or  liquid;  an  escape  valve. 
 
  Syn:  Alleviation;  mitigation;  aid;  help;  succor;  assistance; 
  remedy;  redress;  indemnification. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Alto-rilievo  \Al"to-ri*lie*vo\,  n.;  pl  {Alto-rilievos}.  [It.] 
  (Sculp.) 
  High  relief;  sculptured  work  in  which  the  figures  project 
  more  than  half  their  thickness;  as  this  figure  is  an 
  alto-rilievo  or  in  alto-rilievo. 
 
  Note:  When  the  figure  stands  only  half  out  it  is  called 
  mezzo-rilievo,  demi-rilievo,  or  medium  relief;  when  its 
  projection  is  less  than  one  half,  basso-rilievo, 
  bas-relief,  or  low  relief. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  alto-rilievo 
  n  :  a  sculptural  relief  in  which  more  than  half  of  each  figure 
  projects  out  from  the  surrounding  plane  surface  [syn:  {alto-relievo}, 
  {high  relief}] 




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