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amethyst

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amethyst


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Amethyst  \Am"e*thyst\,  [F.  ametiste  amatiste  F.  am['e]thyste, 
  L.  amethystus  fr  Gr  ?  without  drunkenness;  as  a  noun  a 
  remedy  for  drunkenness,  the  amethyst,  supposed  to  have  this 
  power;  'a  priv.  +  ?  to  be  drunken,  ?  strong  drink,  wine.  See 
  {Mead}.] 
  1.  (Min.)  A  variety  of  crystallized  quartz,  of  a  purple  or 
  bluish  violet  color,  of  different  shades.  It  is  much  used 
  as  a  jeweler's  stone. 
 
  {Oriental  amethyst},  the  violet-blue  variety  of  transparent 
  crystallized  corundum  or  sapphire. 
 
  2.  (Her.)  A  purple  color  in  a  nobleman's  escutcheon,  or  coat 
  of  arms. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  amethyst 
  adj  :  of  a  moderate  purple  color 
  n  :  a  transparent  purple  variety  of  quartz;  used  as  a  gemstone 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Amethyst 
  one  of  the  precious  stones  in  the  breastplate  of  the  high  priest 
  (Ex.  28:19;  39:12),  and  in  the  foundation  of  the  New  Jerusalem 
  (Rev.  21:20).  The  ancients  thought  that  this  stone  had  the  power 
  of  dispelling  drunkenness  in  all  who  wore  or  touched  it  and 
  hence  its  Greek  name  formed  from  _a_,  "privative,"  and  _methuo_, 
  "to  get  drunk."  Its  Jewish  name  _ahlamah'_,  was  derived  by  the 
  rabbins  from  the  Hebrew  word  _halam_,  "to  dream,"  from  its 
  supposed  power  of  causing  the  wearer  to  dream. 
 
  It  is  a  pale-blue  crystallized  quartz,  varying  to  a  dark 
  purple  blue.  It  is  found  in  Persia  and  India,  also  in  different 
  parts  of  Europe. 
 




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