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ammonite

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ammonite


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Ammonite  \Am"mon*ite\,  n.  [L.  cornu  Ammonis  born  of  Ammon;  L. 
  Ammon,  Gr  ?  an  appellation  of  Jupiter,  as  represented  with 
  the  horns  of  a  ram.  It  was  originally  the  name  of  an 
  Egyptian  god,  Amun.]  (Paleon.) 
  A  fossil  cephalopod  shell  related  to  the  nautilus.  There  are 
  many  genera  and  species,  and  all  are  extinct,  the  typical 
  forms  having  existed  only  in  the  Mesozoic  age,  when  they  were 
  exceedingly  numerous.  They  differ  from  the  nautili  in  having 
  the  margins  of  the  septa  very  much  lobed  or  plaited,  and  the 
  siphuncle  dorsal.  Also  called  {serpent  stone},  {snake  stone}, 
  and  {cornu  Ammonis}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  ammonite 
  n  :  one  of  the  coiled  chambered  fossil  shells  of  extinct 
  mollusks  [syn:  {ammonoid}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Ammonite 
  the  usual  name  of  the  descendants  of  Ammon,  the  son  of  Lot  (Gen. 
  19:38).  From  the  very  beginning  (Deut.  2:16-20)  of  their  history 
  till  they  are  lost  sight  of  (Judg.  5:2),  this  tribe  is  closely 
  associated  with  the  Moabites  (Judg.  10:11;  2  Chr.  20:1;  Zeph. 
  2:8).  Both  of  these  tribes  hired  Balaam  to  curse  Israel  (Deut. 
  23:4).  The  Ammonites  were  probably  more  of  a  predatory  tribe, 
  moving  from  place  to  place  while  the  Moabites  were  more 
  settled.  They  inhabited  the  country  east  of  the  Jordan  and  north 
  of  Moab  and  the  Dead  Sea,  from  which  they  had  expelled  the 
  Zamzummims  or  Zuzims  (Deut.  2:20;  Gen.  14:5).  They  are  known  as 
  the  Beni-ammi  (Gen.  19:38),  Ammi  or  Ammon  being  worshipped  as 
  their  chief  god.  They  were  of  Semitic  origin,  and  closely 
  related  to  the  Hebrews  in  blood  and  language.  They  showed  no 
  kindness  to  the  Israelites  when  passing  through  their  territory, 
  and  therefore  they  were  prohibited  from  "entering  the 
  congregation  of  the  Lord  to  the  tenth  generation"  (Deut.  23:3). 
  They  afterwards  became  hostile  to  Israel  (Judg.  3:13).  Jephthah 
  waged  war  against  them  and  "took  twenty  cities  with  a  very 
  great  slaughter"  (Judg.  11:33).  They  were  again  signally 
  defeated  by  Saul  (1  Sam.  11:11).  David  also  defeated  them  and 
  their  allies  the  Syrians  (2  Sam.  10:6-14),  and  took  their  chief 
  city,  Rabbah,  with  much  spoil  (2  Sam.  10:14;  12:26-31).  The 
  subsequent  events  of  their  history  are  noted  in  2  Chr.  20:25; 
  26:8;  Jer.  49:1;  Ezek.  25:3,  6.  One  of  Solomon's  wives  was 
  Naamah,  an  Ammonite.  She  was  the  mother  of  Rehoboam  (1  Kings 
  14:31;  2  Chr.  12:13). 
 
  The  prophets  predicted  fearful  judgments  against  the  Ammonites 
  because  of  their  hostility  to  Israel  (Zeph.  2:8;  Jer.  49:1-6; 
  Ezek.  25:1-5,  10;  Amos  1:13-15). 
 
  The  national  idol  worshipped  by  this  people  was  Molech  or 
  Milcom,  at  whose  altar  they  offered  human  sacrifices  (1  Kings 
  11:5,  7).  The  high  places  built  for  this  idol  by  Solomon,  at  the 
  instigation  of  his  Ammonitish  wives,  were  not  destroyed  till  the 
  time  of  Josiah  (2  Kings  23:13). 
 




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