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anchor

more about anchor

anchor


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Anchor  \An"chor\  ([a^][ng]"k[~e]r),  n.  [OE.  anker,  AS  ancor, 
  oncer,  L.  ancora,  sometimes  spelt  anchora,  fr  Gr  'a`gkyra, 
  akin  to  E.  angle:  cf  F.  ancre.  See  {Angle},  n.] 
  1.  A  iron  instrument  which  is  attached  to  a  ship  by  a  cable 
  (rope  or  chain),  and  which  being  cast  overboard,  lays 
  hold  of  the  earth  by  a  fluke  or  hook  and  thus  retains  the 
  ship  in  a  particular  station. 
 
  Note:  The  common  anchor  consists  of  a  straight  bar  called  a 
  shank,  having  at  one  end  a  transverse  bar  called  a 
  stock,  above  which  is  a  ring  for  the  cable,  and  at  the 
  other  end  the  crown,  from  which  branch  out  two  or  more 
  arms  with  flukes,  forming  with  the  shank  a  suitable 
  angle  to  enter  the  ground. 
 
  Note:  Formerly  the  largest  and  strongest  anchor  was  the  sheet 
  anchor  (hence,  Fig.,  best  hope  or  last  refuge),  called 
  also  {waist  anchor}.  Now  the  bower  and  the  sheet  anchor 
  are  usually  alike.  Then  came  the  best  bower  and  the 
  small  bower  (so  called  from  being  carried  on  the  bows). 
  The  stream  anchor  is  one  fourth  the  weight  of  the  bower 
  anchor.  Kedges  or  kedge  anchors  are  light  anchors  used 
  in  warping. 
 
  2.  Any  instrument  or  contrivance  serving  a  purpose  like  that 
  of  a  ship's  anchor,  as  an  arrangement  of  timber  to  hold  a 
  dam  fast  a  contrivance  to  hold  the  end  of  a  bridge  cable, 
  or  other  similar  part  a  contrivance  used  by  founders  to 
  hold  the  core  of  a  mold  in  place 
 
  3.  Fig.:  That  which  gives  stability  or  security;  that  on 
  which  we  place  dependence  for  safety. 
 
  Which  hope  we  have  as  an  anchor  of  the  soul.  --Heb. 
  vi  19. 
 
  4.  (Her.)  An  emblem  of  hope. 
 
  5.  (Arch.) 
  a  A  metal  tie  holding  adjoining  parts  of  a  building 
  together. 
  b  Carved  work  somewhat  resembling  an  anchor  or 
  arrowhead;  --  a  part  of  the  ornaments  of  certain 
  moldings.  It  is  seen  in  the  echinus,  or  egg-and-anchor 
  (called  also  {egg-and-dart},  {egg-and-tongue}) 
  ornament. 
 
  6.  (Zo["o]l.)  One  of  the  anchor-shaped  spicules  of  certain 
  sponges;  also  one  of  the  calcareous  spinules  of  certain 
  Holothurians,  as  in  species  of  {Synapta}. 
 
  {Anchor  ice}.  See  under  {Ice}. 
 
  {Anchor  ring}.  (Math.)  Same  as  {Annulus},  2  (b). 
 
  {Anchor  stock}  (Naut.),  the  crossbar  at  the  top  of  the  shank 
  at  right  angles  to  the  arms. 
 
  {The  anchor  comes  home},  when  it  drags  over  the  bottom  as  the 
  ship  drifts. 
 
  {Foul  anchor},  the  anchor  when  it  hooks,  or  is  entangled 
  with  another  anchor,  or  with  a  cable  or  wreck,  or  when 
  the  slack  cable  entangled. 
 
  {The  anchor  is  acockbill},  when  it  is  suspended 
  perpendicularly  from  the  cathead,  ready  to  be  let  go 
 
  {The  anchor  is  apeak},  when  the  cable  is  drawn  in  do  tight  as 
  to  bring  to  ship  directly  over  it 
 
  {The  anchor  is  atrip},  or  {aweigh},  when  it  is  lifted  out  of 
  the  ground. 
 
  {The  anchor  is  awash},  when  it  is  hove  up  to  the  surface  of 
  the  water. 
 
  {At  anchor},  anchored. 
 
  {To  back  an  anchor},  to  increase  the  holding  power  by  laying 
  down  a  small  anchor  ahead  of  that  by  which  the  ship  rides, 
  with  the  cable  fastened  to  the  crown  of  the  latter  to 
  prevent  its  coming  home. 
 
  {To  cast  anchor},  to  drop  or  let  go  an  anchor  to  keep  a  ship 
  at  rest. 
 
  {To  cat  the  anchor},  to  hoist  the  anchor  to  the  cathead  and 
  pass  the  ring-stopper. 
 
  {To  fish  the  anchor},  to  hoist  the  flukes  to  their  resting 
  place  (called  the  bill-boards),  and  pass  the  shank 
  painter. 
 
  {To  weigh  anchor},  to  heave  or  raise  the  anchor  so  as  to  sail 
  away 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Anchor  \An"chor\,  n.  [OE.  anker,  ancre,  AS  ancra,  fr  L. 
  anachoreta  See  {Anchoret}.] 
  An  anchoret.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Anchor  \An"chor\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Anchored};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Anchoring}.]  [Cf.  F.  ancrer.] 
  1.  To  place  at  anchor;  to  secure  by  an  anchor;  as  to  anchor 
  a  ship. 
 
  2.  To  fix  or  fasten;  to  fix  in  a  stable  condition;  as  to 
  anchor  the  cables  of  a  suspension  bridge. 
 
  Till  that  my  nails  were  anchored  in  thine  eyes. 
  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Anchor  \An"chor\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  cast  anchor;  to  come  to  anchor;  as  our  ship  (or  the 
  captain)  anchored  in  the  stream. 
 
  2.  To  stop;  to  fix  or  rest. 
 
  My  invention  .  .  .  anchors  on  Isabel.  --Shak. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  anchor 
  n  1:  prevents  vessel  from  moving  [syn:  {ground  tackle}] 
  2:  a  central  cohesive  source  of  support  and  stability:  "faith 
  is  his  anchor";  "he  is  the  linchpin  of  this  firm"  [syn:  {mainstay}, 
  {backbone},  {linchpin},  {lynchpin}] 
  3:  a  television  reporter  who  coordinates  a  broadcast  to  which 
  several  correspondents  contribute  [syn:  {anchorman},  {anchorperson}] 
  v  1:  fix  firmly  and  stably;  "anchor  the  lamppost  in  concrete" 
  [syn:  {ground}] 
  2:  secure  a  vessel  with  an  anchor;  "We  anchored  at  Baltimore" 
  [syn:  {cast  anchor},  {drop  anchor}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Anchor,  IL  (village,  FIPS  1361) 
  Location:  40.56870  N,  88.53873  W 
  Population  (1990):  178  (69  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.5  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  61720 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  anchor 
 
    (Or  "span",  "region",  "button",  "extent")  An  area 
  within  the  content  of  a  {hypertext}  {node}  (e.g.  a  {web  page}) 
  which  is  the  source  or  destination  of  a  {link}.  A  source 
  anchor  may  be  a  word  phrase,  image,  or  possibly  the  whole 
  node.  A  destination  anchor  may  be  a  whole  node  or  some 
  position  within  the  node. 
 
  Typically,  clicking  with  the  {mouse}  on  a  source  anchor  causes 
  the  link  to  be  followed  and  the  anchor  at  the  opposite  end  of 
  the  link  to  be  displayed.  Anchors  are  highlighted  in  some  way 
  (either  always  or  when  the  mouse  is  over  them),  or  they  may 
  be  marked  by  a  special  symbol. 
 
  In  {HTML}  anchors  are  created  with  the  ..  construct. 
  The  opening  A  tag  of  a  source  anchor  has  an  HREF  (hypertext 
  reference)  attribute  giving  the  destination  in  the  form  of  a 
  {URL}  -  usually  a  whole  node  or  "page".  E.g. 
 
   
  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing 
 
  Destination  anchors  are  only  used  in  HTML  to  name  a  position 
  within  a  page  using  a  NAME  attribute.  E.g. 
 
   
 
  The  name  or  "fragment  identifier"  is  appended  to  the  URL  of 
  the  page  with  a  "#": 
 
  http://www.fairystory.com/goldilocks.html#chapter3 
 
  (Though  it  is  generally  better  to  break  pages  into  smaller 
  units  than  to  have  large  pages  with  named  sections). 
 
  (1997-11-15) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Anchor 
  From  Acts  27:29,  30,  40,  it  would  appear  that  the  Roman  vessels 
  carried  several  anchors,  which  were  attached  to  the  stern  as 
  well  as  to  the  prow.  The  Roman  anchor,  like  the  modern  one  had 
  two  teeth  or  flukes.  In  Heb.  6:19  the  word  is  used 
  metaphorically  for  that  which  supports  or  keeps  one  steadfast  in 
  the  time  of  trial  or  of  doubt.  It  is  an  emblem  of  hope. 
 
  "If  you  fear, 
 
  Put  all  your  trust  in  God:  that  anchor  holds." 
 




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