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andorra

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andorra


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Andorra 
  n  :  a  small  republic  in  the  eastern  Pyrenees  between  Spain  and 
  France  [syn:  {Andorra}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Andorra 
 
  Andorra:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southwestern  Europe,  between  France  and  Spain 
 
  Map  references:  Europe 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  450  sq  km 
  land  area:  450  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  2.5  times  the  size  of  Washington, 
  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  125  km  France  60  km  Spain  65  km 
 
  Coastline:  0  km  (landlocked) 
 
  Maritime  claims:  none;  landlocked 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  temperate;  snowy,  cold  winters  and  warm,  dry  summers 
 
  Terrain:  rugged  mountains  dissected  by  narrow  valleys 
 
  Natural  resources:  hydropower  mineral  water,  timber,  iron  ore,  lead 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  2% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  56% 
  forest  and  woodland:  22% 
  other:  20% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  deforestation;  overgrazing  of  mountain  meadows 
  contributes  to  soil  erosion 
  natural  hazards:  snowslides  avalanches 
  international  agreements:  NA 
 
  Note:  landlocked 
 
  Andorra:People 
 
  Population:  65,780  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  18%  (female  5,503;  male  5,985) 
  15-64  years:  70%  (female  21,873;  male  24,334) 
  65  years  and  over:  12%  (female  4,020;  male  4,065)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.72%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  12.92  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  7.25  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  21.53  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  7.7  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  78.52  years 
  male:  75.65  years 
  female:  81.66  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.72  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Andorran(s) 
  adjective:  Andorran 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Spanish  61%,  Andorran  30%,  French  6%,  other  3% 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  (predominant) 
 
  Languages:  Catalan  (official),  French,  Castilian 
 
  Literacy:  NA% 
 
  Labor  force:  NA 
 
  Andorra:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Principality  of  Andorra 
  conventional  short  form:  Andorra 
  local  long  form:  Principat  d'Andorra 
  local  short  form:  Andorra 
 
  Digraph:  AN 
 
  Type:  parliamentary  democracy  (since  March  1993)  that  retains  as  its 
  heads  of  state  a  co-principality;  the  two  princes  are  the  president  of 
  France  and  Spanish  bishop  of  Seo  de  Urgel,  who  are  represented  locally 
  by  officials  called  veguers 
 
  Capital:  Andorra  la  Vella 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  7  parishes  (parroquies,  singular  - 
  parroquia);  Andorra,  Canillo  Encamp,  La  Massana  Les  Escaldes 
  Ordino  Sant  Julia  de  Loria 
 
  Independence:  1278 
 
  National  holiday:  Mare  de  Deu  de  Meritxell  8  September 
 
  Constitution:  Andorra's  first  written  constitution  was  drafted  in 
  1991;  adopted  14  March  1993 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  French  and  Spanish  civil  codes;  no  judicial 
  review  of  legislative  acts  has  not  accepted  compulsory  ICJ 
  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chiefs  of  state:  French  Co-Prince  Francois  MITTERRAND  (since  21  May 
  1981),  represented  by  Veguer  de  Franca  Jean  Pierre  COURTOIS  (since 
  NA);  note  -  COURTOIS  is  to  become  French  ambassador  to  Libreville  and 
  his  replacement  has  not  been  announced;  Spanish  Episcopal  Co-Prince 
  Mgr.  Juan  MARTI  Alanis  (since  31  January  1971),  represented  by  Veguer 
  Episcopal  Francesc  BADIA  Bata  (since  NA);  two  permanent  delegates 
  (French  Prefect  Pierre  STEINMETZ  for  the  department  of 
  Pyrenees-Orientales,  since  NA  and  Spanish  Vicar  General  Nemesi 
  MARQUES  Oste  for  the  Seo  de  Urgel  diocese,  since  NA) 
  head  of  government:  Executive  Council  President  Marc  FORNE  (since  21 
  December  1994)  elected  by  Parliament,  following  resignation  of  Oscar 
  RIBAS  Reig 
  cabinet:  Executive  Council;  designated  by  the  executive  council 
  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  General  Council  of  the  Valleys:  (Consell  General  de  las  Valls); 
  elections  last  held  12  December  1993  (next  to  be  held  NA);  yielded  no 
  clear  winner;  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (28 
  total)  number  of  seats  by  party  NA 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  of  Andorra  at  Perpignan  (France)  for 
  civil  cases,  the  Ecclesiastical  Court  of  the  bishop  of  Seo  de  Urgel 
  (Spain)  for  civil  cases,  Tribunal  of  the  Courts  (Tribunal  des  Cortes) 
  for  criminal  cases 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  National  Democratic  Group  (AND),  Oscar 
  RIBAS  Reig  and  Jordi  FARRAS;  Liberal  Union  (UL),  Francesc  CERQUEDA 
  New  Democracy  (ND),  Jaume  BARTOMEU  Andorran  National  Coalition  (CNA), 
  Antoni  CERQUEDA  National  Democratic  Initiative  (IDN),  Vincenc  MATEU; 
  Liberal  Union  (UL),  Marc  FORNE 
  note:  there  are  two  other  small  parties 
 
  Member  of:  ECE,  IFRCS  (associate),  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  UN  UNESCO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  Andorra  has  no  mission  in  the  US 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  Andorra  is  included  within  the  Barcelona 
  (Spain)  Consular  District,  and  the  US  Consul  General  visits  Andorra 
  periodically 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  vertical  bands  of  blue  (hoist  side),  yellow,  and  red 
  with  the  national  coat  of  arms  centered  in  the  yellow  band;  the  coat 
  of  arms  features  a  quartered  shield;  similar  to  the  flags  of  Chad  and 
  Romania  that  do  not  have  a  national  coat  of  arms  in  the  center 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Tourism,  the  mainstay  of  Andorra's  economy,  accounts  for 
  roughly  80%  of  GDP.  An  estimated  13  million  tourists  visit  annually, 
  attracted  by  Andorra's  duty-free  status  and  by  its  summer  and  winter 
  resorts.  The  banking  sector,  with  its  "tax  haven"  status,  also 
  contributes  substantially  to  the  economy.  Agricultural  production  is 
  limited  by  a  scarcity  of  arable  land,  and  most  food  has  to  be 
  imported.  The  principal  livestock  activity  is  sheep  raising. 
  Manufacturing  consists  mainly  of  cigarettes,  cigars,  and  furniture. 
  Andorra  is  a  member  of  the  EU  Customs  Union;  it  is  unclear  what  effect 
  the  European  Single  Market  will  have  on  the  advantages  Andorra  obtains 
  from  its  duty-free  status. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $760  million  (1992 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $14,000  (1992  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  NA% 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  0% 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $138  million 
  expenditures:  $177  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1993) 
 
  Exports:  $30  million  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  electricity,  tobacco  products,  furniture 
  partners:  France,  Spain 
 
  Imports:  $NA 
  commodities:  consumer  goods,  food 
  partners:  France,  Spain 
 
  External  debt:  $NA 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  35,000  kW 
  production:  140  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  2,570  kWh  (1992) 
 
  Industries:  tourism  (particularly  skiing),  sheep,  timber,  tobacco, 
  banking 
 
  Agriculture:  sheep  raising;  small  quantities  of  tobacco,  rye,  wheat, 
  barley,  oats,  and  some  vegetables 
 
  Economic  aid:  none 
 
  Currency:  1  French  franc  F  =  100  centimes;  1  peseta  (Pta)  =  100 
  centimos;  the  French  and  Spanish  currencies  are  used 
 
  Exchange  rates:  French  francs  F  per  US$1  -  5.2943  (January  1995), 
  5,5520  (1994),  5.6632  (1993),  5.2938  (1992),  5.6421  (1991),  5.4453 
  (1990);  Spanish  pesetas  (Ptas)  per  US$1  -  132.61  (January  1995), 
  133.96  (1994),  127.26  (1993),  102.38  (1992),  103.91  (1991),  101.93 
  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Andorra:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  96  km 
  paved:  NA 
  unpaved:  NA 
 
  Ports:  none 
 
  Airports:  none 
 
  Andorra:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  17,700  telephones;  digital  microwave  network 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  landline  circuits  to  France  and  Spain 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  1,  FM  0,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  0 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Andorra:Defense  Forces 
 
  Note:  defense  is  the  responsibility  of  France  and  Spain 
 
 
 




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