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anthrax

more about anthrax

anthrax


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Anthrax  \An"thrax\,  n.  [L.,  fr  Gr  ?  coal,  carbuncle.] 
  1.  (Med.) 
  a  A  carbuncle. 
  b  A  malignant  pustule. 
 
  2.  (Biol.)  A  microscopic,  bacterial  organism  ({Bacillus 
  anthracis}),  resembling  transparent  rods.  [See  Illust. 
  under  {Bacillus}.] 
 
  3.  An  infectious  disease  of  cattle  and  sheep.  It  is  ascribed 
  to  the  presence  of  a  rod-shaped  bacterium  ({Bacillus 
  anthracis}),  the  spores  of  which  constitute  the  contagious 
  matter.  It  may  be  transmitted  to  man  by  inoculation.  The 
  spleen  becomes  greatly  enlarged  and  filled  with  bacteria. 
  Called  also  {splenic  fever}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Malignant  \Ma*lig"nant\,  a.  [L.  malignans  -antis,  p.  pr  of 
  malignare  malignari  to  do  or  make  maliciously.  See 
  {Malign},  and  cf  {Benignant}.] 
  1.  Disposed  to  do  harm,  inflict  suffering,  or  cause  distress; 
  actuated  by  extreme  malevolence  or  enmity;  virulently 
  inimical;  bent  on  evil;  malicious. 
 
  A  malignant  and  a  turbaned  Turk.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  Characterized  or  caused  by  evil  intentions;  pernicious. 
  ``Malignant  care.''  --Macaulay. 
 
  Some  malignant  power  upon  my  life.  --Shak. 
 
  Something  deleterious  and  malignant  as  his  touch. 
  --Hawthorne. 
 
  3.  (Med.)  Tending  to  produce  death;  threatening  a  fatal 
  issue;  virulent;  as  malignant  diphtheria. 
 
  {Malignant  pustule}  (Med.),  a  very  contagious  disease, 
  transmitted  to  man  from  animals,  characterized  by  the 
  formation,  at  the  point  of  reception  of  the  virus,  of  a 
  vesicle  or  pustule  which  first  enlarges  and  then  breaks 
  down  into  an  unhealthy  ulcer.  It  is  marked  by  profound 
  exhaustion  and  usually  fatal.  Called  also  {charbon},  and 
  sometimes  improperly,  {anthrax}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Carbuncle  \Car"bun*cle\,  n.  [L.  carbunculus  a  little  coal,  a 
  bright  kind  of  precious  stone,  a  kind  of  tumor,  dim.  of  carbo 
  coal:  cf  F.  carboncle.  See  {Carbon}.] 
  1.  (Min.)  A  beautiful  gem  of  a  deep  red  color  (with  a  mixture 
  of  scarlet)  called  by  the  Greeks  anthrax;  found  in  the 
  East  Indies.  When  held  up  to  the  sun,  it  loses  its  deep 
  tinge,  and  becomes  of  the  color  of  burning  coal.  The  name 
  belongs  for  the  most  part  to  ruby  sapphire,  though  it  has 
  been  also  given  to  red  spinel  and  garnet. 
 
  2.  (Med.)  A  very  painful  acute  local  inflammation  of  the 
  subcutaneous  tissue,  esp.  of  the  trunk  or  back  of  the 
  neck,  characterized  by  brawny  hardness  of  the  affected 
  parts  sloughing  of  the  skin  and  deeper  tissues,  and 
  marked  constitutional  depression.  It  differs  from  a  boil 
  in  size,  tendency  to  spread,  and  the  absence  of  a  central 
  core,  and  is  frequently  fatal.  It  is  also  called 
  {anthrax}. 
 
  3.  (Her.)  A  charge  or  bearing  supposed  to  represent  the 
  precious  stone.  It  has  eight  scepters  or  staves  radiating 
  from  a  common  center.  Called  also  {escarbuncle}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  anthrax 
  n  :  a  highly  infectious  animal  disease  (especially  cattle  and 
  sheep);  it  can  be  transmitted  to  people  [syn:  {splenic 
  fever}] 




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