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  1  definition  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  the  name  of  several  Syrian  kings  from  B.C.  280  to  B.C.  65.  The 
  most  notable  of  these  were  (1.)  Antiochus  the  Great,  who 
  ascended  the  throne  B.C.  223.  He  is  regarded  as  the  "king  of  the 
  north"  referred  to  in  Dan.  11:13-19.  He  was  succeeded  (B.C.  187) 
  by  his  son,  Seleucus  Philopater  spoken  of  by  Daniel  (11:20)  as 
  "a  raiser  of  taxes",  in  the  Revised  Version,  "one  that  shall 
  cause  an  exactor  to  pass  through  the  glory  of  the  kingdom." 
  (2.)  Antiochus  IV.,  surnamed  Epiphanes"  i.e.,  the 
  Illustrious,  succeeded  his  brother  Seleucus  (B.C.  175).  His 
  career  and  character  are  prophetically  described  by  Daniel 
  (11:21-32).  He  was  a  "vile  person."  In  a  spirit  of  revenge  he 
  organized  an  expedition  against  Jerusalem,  which  he  destroyed, 
  putting  vast  multitudes  of  its  inhabitants  to  death  in  the  most 
  cruel  manner.  From  this  time  the  Jews  began  the  great  war  of 
  independence  under  their  heroic  Maccabean  leaders  with  marked 
  success,  defeating  the  armies  of  Antiochus  that  were  sent 
  against  them  Enraged  at  this  Antiochus  marched  against  them  in 
  person,  threatening  utterly  to  exterminate  the  nation;  but  on 
  the  way  he  was  suddenly  arrested  by  the  hand  of  death  (B.C.