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apocrypha

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apocrypha


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Apocrypha  \A*poc"ry*pha\,  n.  pl.,  but  often  used  as  sing.  with 
  pl  {Apocryphas}.  [L.  apocryphus  apocryphal,  Gr  ?  hidden, 
  spurious,  fr  ?  to  hide;  ?  from  +  ?  to  hide.] 
  1.  Something  as  a  writing,  that  is  of  doubtful  authorship  or 
  authority;  --  formerly  used  also  adjectively.  [Obs.] 
  --Locke. 
 
  2.  Specif.:  Certain  writings  which  are  received  by  some 
  Christians  as  an  authentic  part  of  the  Holy  Scriptures, 
  but  are  rejected  by  others 
 
  Note:  Fourteen  such  writings,  or  books,  formed  part  of  the 
  Septuagint,  but  not  of  the  Hebrew  canon  recognized  by 
  the  Jews  of  Palestine.  The  Council  of  Trent  included 
  all  but  three  of  these  in  the  canon  of  inspired  books 
  having  equal  authority.  The  German  and  English 
  Reformers  grouped  them  in  their  Bibles  under  the  title 
  Apocrypha,  as  not  having  dogmatic  authority,  but  being 
  profitable  for  instruction.  The  Apocrypha  is  now 
  commonly  ?mitted  from  the  King  James's  Bible. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Apocrypha 
  n  :  14  books  of  the  Old  Testament  included  in  the  Vulgate  but 
  omitted  in  Jewish  and  Protestant  versions  of  the  Bible 
  [syn:  {Apocrypha}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Apocrypha 
  hidden,  spurious,  the  name  given  to  certain  ancient  books  which 
  found  a  place  in  the  LXX.  and  Latin  Vulgate  versions  of  the  Old 
  Testament,  and  were  appended  to  all  the  great  translations  made 
  from  them  in  the  sixteenth  century,  but  which  have  no  claim  to 
  be  regarded  as  in  any  sense  parts  of  the  inspired  Word 
 
  (1.)  They  are  not  once  quoted  by  the  New  Testament  writers, 
  who  frequently  quote  from  the  LXX.  Our  Lord  and  his  apostles 
  confirmed  by  their  authority  the  ordinary  Jewish  canon,  which 
  was  the  same  in  all  respects  as  we  now  have  it 
 
  (2.)  These  books  were  written  not  in  Hebrew  but  in  Greek,  and 
  during  the  "period  of  silence,"  from  the  time  of  Malachi,  after 
  which  oracles  and  direct  revelations  from  God  ceased  till  the 
  Christian  era. 
 
  (3.)  The  contents  of  the  books  themselves  show  that  they  were 
  no  part  of  Scripture.  The  Old  Testament  Apocrypha  consists  of 
  fourteen  books,  the  chief  of  which  are  the  Books  of  the 
  Maccabees  (q.v.),  the  Books  of  Esdras  the  Book  of  Wisdom,  the 
  Book  of  Baruch,  the  Book  of  Esther,  Ecclesiasticus,  Tobit, 
  Judith,  etc 
 
  The  New  Testament  Apocrypha  consists  of  a  very  extensive 
  literature,  which  bears  distinct  evidences  of  its  non-apostolic 
  origin,  and  is  utterly  unworthy  of  regard. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Apocrypha,  hidden 
 




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