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arch

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arch


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch  \Arch\,  n.  [F.  arche,  fr  LL  arca,  for  arcus.  See  {Arc}.] 
  1.  (Geom.)  Any  part  of  a  curved  line 
 
  2.  (Arch.) 
  a  Usually  a  curved  member  made  up  of  separate 
  wedge-shaped  solids,  with  the  joints  between  them 
  disposed  in  the  direction  of  the  radii  of  the  curve; 
  used  to  support  the  wall  or  other  weight  above  an 
  opening.  In  this  sense  arches  are  segmental,  round  (i. 
  e.,  semicircular),  or  pointed. 
  b  A  flat  arch  is  a  member  constructed  of  stones  cut  into 
  wedges  or  other  shapes  so  as  to  support  each  other 
  without  rising  in  a  curve. 
 
  Note:  Scientifically  considered,  the  arch  is  a  means  of 
  spanning  an  opening  by  resolving  vertical  pressure  into 
  horizontal  or  diagonal  thrust. 
 
  3.  Any  place  covered  by  an  arch;  an  archway;  as  to  pass  into 
  the  arch  of  a  bridge. 
 
  4.  Any  curvature  in  the  form  of  an  arch;  as  the  arch  of  the 
  aorta.  ``Colors  of  the  showery  arch.''  --Milton. 
 
  {Triumphal  arch},  a  monumental  structure  resembling  an  arched 
  gateway,  with  one  or  more  passages,  erected  to  commemorate 
  a  triumph. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch  \Arch\,  n.  [See  {Arch-},  pref.] 
  A  chief.  [Obs.] 
 
  My  worthy  arch  and  patron  comes  to-night.  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  -arch  \-arch\  [Gr.  'archo`s  chief,  commander,  'a`rchein  to  rule 
  See  {Arch},  a.] 
  A  suffix  meaning  a  ruler,  as  in  monarch  (a  sole  ruler). 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch  \Arch\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Arched};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Arching}.] 
  1.  To  cover  with  an  arch  or  arches. 
 
  2.  To  form  or  bend  into  the  shape  of  an  arch. 
 
  The  horse  arched  his  neck.  --Charlesworth. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch  \Arch\,  v.  i. 
  To  form  into  an  arch;  to  curve. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch-  \Arch-\  (["a]rch-,  except  in  archangel  and  one  or  two 
  other  words).  [L.  arch-,  Gr  ?.  See  {Arch-}.] 
  A  prefix  signifying  chief,  as  in  archbuilder  archfiend 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arch  \Arch\  (["a]rch),  a.  [See  {Arch-},  pref.] 
  1.  Chief;  eminent;  greatest;  principal. 
 
  The  most  arch  act  of  piteous  massacre.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  Cunning  or  sly;  sportively  mischievous;  roguish;  as  an 
  arch  look  word  lad. 
 
  [He]  spoke  his  request  with  so  arch  a  leer. 
  --Tatler. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  arch 
  adj  1:  (of  persons)  highest  in  rank  or  authority  or  office;  "his 
  arch  rival";  "the  boss  man";  "the  chief  executive"; 
  "head  librarian";  "top  administrators"  [syn:  {arch(a)}, 
  {boss(a)},  {chief(a)},  {head(a)},  {top(a)}] 
  2:  (used  of  behavior  or  attitude)  characteristic  of  those  who 
  treat  others  with  condescension  [syn:  {condescending},  {patronizing}, 
  {patronising}] 
  3:  expert  in  skulduggery;  "an  arch  criminal"  [syn:  {arch(a)}] 
  n  1:  a  curved  shape  in  the  vertical  plane  that  spans  an  opening 
  2:  a  curved  bony  structure  supporting  or  enclosing  organs 
  (especially  arches  of  the  feet) 
  3:  a  passageway  under  an  arch  [syn:  {archway}] 
  4:  (architecture)  a  masonry  construction  (usually  curved)  for 
  spanning  an  opening  and  supporting  the  weight  above  it 
  v  :  form  an  arch  [syn:  {curve},  {arc}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Arch 
  an  architectural  term  found  only  in  Ezek.  40:16,  21,  22,  26,  29. 
  There  is  no  absolute  proof  that  the  Israelites  employed  arches 
  in  their  buildings.  The  arch  was  employed  in  the  building  of  the 
  pyramids  of  Egypt.  The  oldest  existing  arch  is  at  Thebes,  and 
  bears  the  date  B.C.  1350.  There  are  also  still  found  the  remains 
  of  an  arch,  known  as  Robinson's  Arch,  of  the  bridge  connecting 
  Zion  and  Moriah.  (See  TYROPOEON  {VALLEY}.) 
 




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