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arithmetic

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arithmetic


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sexagesimal  \Sex`a*ges"i*mal\,  a.  [Cf.  F.  sexag['e]simal.] 
  Pertaining  to  or  founded  on  the  number  sixty. 
 
  {Sexagesimal  fractions}  or  {numbers}  (Arith.  &  Alg.),  those 
  fractions  whose  denominators  are  some  power  of  sixty;  as 
  1/60,  1/3600,  1/216000;  --  called  also  {astronomical 
  fractions},  because  formerly  there  were  no  others  used  in 
  astronomical  calculations. 
 
  {Sexagesimal},  or  {Sexagenary},  {arithmetic},  the  method  of 
  computing  by  the  sexagenary  scale,  or  by  sixties. 
 
  {Sexagesimal  scale}  (Math.),  the  sexagenary  scale. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arithmetic  \A*rith"me*tic\,  n.  [OE.  arsmetike  OF  arismetique 
  L.  arithmetica,  fr  Gr  ?  (sc.  ?),  fr  ?  arithmetical,  fr  ? 
  to  number,  fr  ?  number,  prob.  fr  same  root  as  E.  arm,  the 
  idea  of  counting  coming  from  that  of  fitting,  attaching.  See 
  {Arm}.  The  modern  Eng.  and  French  forms  are  accommodated  to 
  the  Greek.] 
  1.  The  science  of  numbers;  the  art  of  computation  by  figures. 
 
  2.  A  book  containing  the  principles  of  this  science. 
 
  {Arithmetic  of  sines},  trigonometry. 
 
  {Political  arithmetic},  the  application  of  the  science  of 
  numbers  to  problems  in  civil  government,  political 
  economy,  and  social  science. 
 
  {Universal  arithmetic},  the  name  given  by  Sir  Isaac  Newton  to 
  algebra. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Mathematics  \Math`e*mat"ics\,  n.  [F.  math['e]matiques,  pl.,  L. 
  mathematica,  sing.,  Gr  ?  (sc.  ?)  science.  See  {Mathematic}, 
  and  {-ics}.] 
  That  science,  or  class  of  sciences,  which  treats  of  the  exact 
  relations  existing  between  quantities  or  magnitudes,  and  of 
  the  methods  by  which  in  accordance  with  these  relations, 
  quantities  sought  are  deducible  from  other  quantities  known 
  or  supposed;  the  science  of  spatial  and  quantitative 
  relations. 
 
  Note:  Mathematics  embraces  three  departments,  namely:  1. 
  {Arithmetic}.  2.  {Geometry},  including  {Trigonometry} 
  and  {Conic  Sections}.  3.  {Analysis},  in  which  letters 
  are  used  including  {Algebra},  {Analytical  Geometry}, 
  and  {Calculus}.  Each  of  these  divisions  is  divided  into 
  pure  or  abstract,  which  considers  magnitude  or  quantity 
  abstractly,  without  relation  to  matter;  and  mixed  or 
  applied,  which  treats  of  magnitude  as  subsisting  in 
  material  bodies,  and  is  consequently  interwoven  with 
  physical  considerations. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  arithmetic 
  adj  :  relating  to  or  involving  arithmetic;  "arithmetical 
  computations"  [syn:  {arithmetical}] 
  n  :  the  branch  of  pure  mathematics  dealing  with  the  theory  of 
  numerical  calculations 




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