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army

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army


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Army  \Ar"my\,  n.  [F.  arm['e]e,  fr  L.  armata,  fem.  of  armatus 
  p.  p.  of  armare  to  arm.  Cf  {Armada}.] 
  1.  A  collection  or  body  of  men  armed  for  war,  esp.  one 
  organized  in  companies,  battalions,  regiments,  brigades, 
  and  divisions,  under  proper  officers. 
 
  2.  A  body  of  persons  organized  for  the  advancement  of  a 
  cause  as  the  Blue  Ribbon  Army. 
 
  3.  A  great  number;  a  vast  multitude;  a  host. 
 
  An  army  of  good  words  --Shak. 
 
  {Standing  army},  a  permanent  army  of  professional  soldiers, 
  as  distinguished  from  militia  or  volunteers. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  army 
  n  1:  an  organization  of  military  land  forces  [syn:  {regular  army}] 
  2:  a  large  number  of  people  united  for  some  specific  purpose 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Army 
  The  Israelites  marched  out  of  Egypt  in  military  order  (Ex. 
  13:18,  "harnessed;"  marg.,  "five  in  a  rank").  Each  tribe  formed 
  a  battalion,  with  its  own  banner  and  leader  (Num.  2:2;  10:14). 
  In  war  the  army  was  divided  into  thousands  and  hundreds  under 
  their  several  captains  (Num.  31:14),  and  also  into  families 
  (Num.  2:34;  2  Chr.  25:5;  26:12).  From  the  time  of  their  entering 
  the  land  of  Canaan  to  the  time  of  the  kings,  the  Israelites  made 
  little  progress  in  military  affairs,  although  often  engaged  in 
  warfare.  The  kings  introduced  the  custom  of  maintaining  a 
  bodyguard  (the  Gibborim  i.e.,  "heroes"),  and  thus  the  nucleus 
  of  a  standing  army  was  formed.  Saul  had  an  army  of  3,000  select 
  warriors  (1  Sam.  13:2;  14:52;  24:2).  David  also  had  a  band  of 
  soldiers  around  him  (1  Sam.  23:13;  25:13).  To  this  band  he 
  afterwards  added  the  Cherethites  and  the  Pelethites  (2  Sam. 
  15:18;  20:7).  At  first  the  army  consisted  only  of  infantry  (1 
  Sam.  4:10;  15:4),  as  the  use  of  horses  was  prohibited  (Deut. 
  17:16);  but  chariots  and  horses  were  afterwards  added  (2  Sam. 
  8:4;  1  Kings  10:26,  28,  29;  1  Kings  9:19).  In  1  Kings  9:22  there 
  is  given  a  list  of  the  various  gradations  of  rank  held  by  those 
  who  composed  the  army.  The  equipment  and  maintenance  of  the  army 
  were  at  the  public  expense  (2  Sam.  17:28,  29;  1  Kings  4:27; 
  10:16,  17;  Judg.  20:10).  At  the  Exodus  the  number  of  males  above 
  twenty  years  capable  of  bearing  arms  was  600,000  (Ex.  12:37).  In 
  David's  time  it  mounted  to  the  number  of  1,300,000  (2  Sam. 
  24:9). 
 




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