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artichoke

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artichoke


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Artichoke  \Ar"ti*choke\,  n.  [It.  articiocco  perh.  corrupted  fr 
  the  same  word  as  carciofo  cf  older  spellings  archiciocco 
  archicioffo  carciocco  and  Sp  alcachofa  Pg  alcachofra 
  prob.  fr  Ar  al-harshaf,  al-kharsh[=u]f.]  (Bot.) 
  1.  The  {Cynara  scolymus},  a  plant  somewhat  resembling  a 
  thistle,  with  a  dilated,  imbricated,  and  prickly 
  involucre.  The  head  (to  which  the  name  is  also  applied)  is 
  composed  of  numerous  oval  scales,  inclosing  the  florets, 
  sitting  on  a  broad  receptacle,  which  with  the  fleshy  base 
  of  the  scales,  is  much  esteemed  as  an  article  of  food. 
 
  2.  See  {Jerusalem  artichoke}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  artichoke 
  n  1:  Mediterranean  thistlelike  plant  widely  cultivated  for  its 
  large  edible  flower  head  [syn:  {globe  artichoke},  {artichoke 
  plant},  {Cynara  scolymus}] 
  2:  a  thistle-like  flower  head  with  edible  fleshy  leaves  and 
  heart  [syn:  {globe  artichoke}] 




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