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ashtoreth

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ashtoreth


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Ashtoreth  \Ash"to*reth\,  n.;  pl  {Ashtaroth}. 
  The  principal  female  divinity  of  the  Ph[oe]nicians,  as  Baal 
  was  the  principal  male  divinity.  --W.  Smith. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Ashtoreth 
  n  :  an  ancient  Semitic  fertility  goddess;  identified  with 
  Phoenician  Astarte  and  Babylonian  Ishtar  [syn:  {Ashtoreth}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Ashtoreth 
  the  moon  goddess  of  the  Phoenicians,  representing  the  passive 
  principle  in  nature,  their  principal  female  deity;  frequently 
  associated  with  the  name  of  Baal,  the  sun-god,  their  chief  male 
  deity  (Judg.  10:6;  1  Sam.  7:4;  12:10).  These  names  often  occur 
  in  the  plural  (Ashtaroth,  Baalim),  probably  as  indicating  either 
  different  statues  or  different  modifications  of  the  deities. 
  This  deity  is  spoken  of  as  Ashtoreth  of  the  Zidonians  She  was 
  the  Ishtar  of  the  Accadians  and  the  Astarte  of  the  Greeks  (Jer. 
  44:17;  1  Kings  11:5,  33;  2  Kings  23:13).  There  was  a  temple  of 
  this  goddess  among  the  Philistines  in  the  time  of  Saul  (1  Sam. 
  31:10).  Under  the  name  of  Ishtar,  she  was  one  of  the  great 
  deities  of  the  Assyrians.  The  Phoenicians  called  her  Astarte. 
  Solomon  introduced  the  worship  of  this  idol  (1  Kings  11:33). 
  Jezebel's  400  priests  were  probably  employed  in  its  service  (1 
  Kings  18:19).  It  was  called  the  "queen  of  heaven"  (Jer.  44:25). 
 




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