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atmosphere

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atmosphere


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Atmosphere  \At"mos*phere\,  n.  [Gr.  ?  vapor  (akin  to  Skr. 
  [=a]tman  breath,  soul,  G.  athem  breath)  +  ?  sphere:  cf  F. 
  atmosph[`e]re.  See  {Sphere}.] 
  1.  (Physics) 
  a  The  whole  mass  of  a["e]riform  fluid  surrounding  the 
  earth;  --  applied  also  to  the  gaseous  envelope  of  any 
  celestial  orb,  or  other  body;  as  the  atmosphere  of 
  Mars. 
  b  Any  gaseous  envelope  or  medium. 
 
  An  atmosphere  of  cold  oxygen.  --Miller. 
 
  2.  A  supposed  medium  around  various  bodies;  as  electrical 
  atmosphere,  a  medium  formerly  supposed  to  surround 
  electrical  bodies.  --Franklin. 
 
  3.  The  pressure  or  weight  of  the  air  at  the  sea  level,  on  a 
  unit  of  surface,  or  about  14.7  Ibs.  to  the  sq  inch. 
 
  Hydrogen  was  liquefied  under  a  pressure  of  650 
  atmospheres.  --Lubbock. 
 
  4.  Any  surrounding  or  pervading  influence  or  condition. 
 
  The  chillest  of  social  atmospheres.  --Hawthorne. 
 
  5.  The  portion  of  air  in  any  locality,  or  affected  by  a 
  special  physical  or  sanitary  condition;  as  the  atmosphere 
  of  the  room  a  moist  or  noxious  atmosphere. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  atmosphere 
  n  1:  a  particular  environment  or  surrounding  influence;  "there 
  was  an  atmosphere  of  excitement"  [syn:  {ambiance},  {ambience}] 
  2:  a  unit  of  pressure:  the  pressure  that  will  support  a  column 
  of  mercury  760  mm  high  at  sea  level  and  0  degrees 
  centigrade  [syn:  {atm}] 
  3:  the  mass  of  air  surrounding  the  Earth;  "there  was  great  heat 
  as  the  comet  entered  the  atmosphere" 
  4:  the  weather  or  climate  at  some  place  "the  atmosphere  was 
  thick  with  fog"  [syn:  {atmospheric  state}] 
  5:  the  envelope  of  gases  surrounding  any  celestial  body 
  6:  a  distinctive  but  intangible  quality  surrounding  a  person  or 
  thing:  "an  atmosphere  of  defeat  pervaded  the  candidate's 
  headquarters";  "the  place  had  an  aura  of  romance"  [syn:  {air}, 
  {aura}] 




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