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back


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  n.  [F.  bac:  cf  Arm.  bak  tray,  bowl.] 
  1.  A  large  shallow  vat;  a  cistern,  tub,  or  trough,  used  by 
  brewers,  distillers,  dyers,  picklers  gluemakers  and 
  others  for  mixing  or  cooling  wort,  holding  water,  hot 
  glue,  etc 
 
  {Hop  back},  {Jack  back},  the  cistern  which  receives  the 
  infusion  of  malt  and  hops  from  the  copper. 
 
  {Wash  back},  a  vat  in  which  distillers  ferment  the  wort  to 
  form  wash. 
 
  {Water  back},  a  cistern  to  hold  a  supply  of  water;  esp.  a 
  small  cistern  at  the  back  of  a  stove,  or  a  group  of  pipes 
  set  in  the  fire  box  of  a  stove  or  furnace,  through  which 
  water  circulates  and  is  heated. 
 
  2.  A  ferryboat.  See  {Bac},  1. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  n.  [As  b[ae]c,  bac;  akin  to  Icel.,  Sw.,  &  LG  bak, 
  Dan.  bag;  cf  OHG.  bahho  ham,  Skr.  bhaj  to  turn,  OSlav.  b?g? 
  flight.  Cf  {Bacon}.] 
  1.  In  human  beings,  the  hinder  part  of  the  body,  extending 
  from  the  neck  to  the  end  of  the  spine;  in  other  animals, 
  that  part  of  the  body  which  corresponds  most  nearly  to 
  such  part  of  a  human  being  as  the  back  of  a  horse,  fish, 
  or  lobster. 
 
  2.  An  extended  upper  part  as  of  a  mountain  or  ridge. 
 
  [The  mountains]  their  broad  bare  backs  upheave  Into 
  the  clouds.  --Milton. 
 
  3.  The  outward  or  upper  part  of  a  thing  as  opposed  to  the 
  inner  or  lower  part  as  the  back  of  the  hand,  the  back  of 
  the  foot,  the  back  of  a  hand  rail. 
 
  Methought  Love  pitying  me  when  he  saw  this  Gave  me 
  your  hands,  the  backs  and  palms  to  kiss.  --Donne. 
 
  4.  The  part  opposed  to  the  front;  the  hinder  or  rear  part  of 
  a  thing  as  the  back  of  a  book;  the  back  of  an  army;  the 
  back  of  a  chimney. 
 
  5.  The  part  opposite  to  or  most  remote  from  that  which 
  fronts  the  speaker  or  actor;  or  the  part  out  of  sight,  or 
  not  generally  seen;  as  the  back  of  an  island,  of  a  hill, 
  or  of  a  village. 
 
  6.  The  part  of  a  cutting  tool  on  the  opposite  side  from  its 
  edge;  as  the  back  of  a  knife,  or  of  a  saw. 
 
  7.  A  support  or  resource  in  reserve. 
 
  This  project  Should  have  a  back  or  second  that 
  might  hold  If  this  should  blast  in  proof.  --Shak. 
 
  8.  (Naut.)  The  keel  and  keelson  of  a  ship. 
 
  9.  (Mining)  The  upper  part  of  a  lode,  or  the  roof  of  a 
  horizontal  underground  passage. 
 
  10.  A  garment  for  the  back  hence  clothing. 
 
  A  bak  to  walken  inne  by  daylight.  --Chaucer. 
 
  {Behind  one's  back},  when  one  is  absent;  without  one's 
  knowledge;  as  to  ridicule  a  person  behind  his  back 
 
  {Full  back},  {Half  back},  {Quarter  back}  (Football),  players 
  stationed  behind  those  in  the  front  line 
 
  {To  be  or  lie  on  one's  back},  to  be  helpless. 
 
  {To  put},  {or  get},  {one's  back  up},  to  assume  an  attitude  of 
  obstinate  resistance  (from  the  action  of  a  cat  when 
  attacked.).  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  see  the  back  of},  to  get  rid  of 
 
  {To  turn  the  back},  to  go  away  to  flee. 
 
  {To  turn  the  back  on  one},  to  forsake  or  neglect  him 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  a. 
  1.  Being  at  the  back  or  in  the  rear;  distant;  remote;  as  the 
  back  door;  back  settlements. 
 
  2.  Being  in  arrear;  overdue;  as  back  rent. 
 
  3.  Moving  or  operating  backward;  as  back  action 
 
  {Back  charges},  charges  brought  forward  after  an  account  has 
  been  made  up 
 
  {Back  filling}  (Arch.),  the  mass  of  materials  used  in  filling 
  up  the  space  between  two  walls,  or  between  the  inner  and 
  outer  faces  of  a  wall,  or  upon  the  haunches  of  an  arch  or 
  vault. 
 
  {Back  pressure}.  (Steam  Engine)  See  under  {Pressure}. 
 
  {Back  rest},  a  guide  attached  to  the  slide  rest  of  a  lathe, 
  and  placed  in  contact  with  the  work  to  steady  it  in 
  turning. 
 
  {Back  slang},  a  kind  of  slang  in  which  every  word  is  written 
  or  pronounced  backwards;  as  nam  for  man. 
 
  {Back  stairs},  stairs  in  the  back  part  of  a  house;  private 
  stairs.  Also  used  adjectively.  See  {Back  stairs}, 
  {Backstairs},  and  {Backstair},  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Back  step}  (Mil.),  the  retrograde  movement  of  a  man  or  body 
  of  men,  without  changing  front. 
 
  {Back  stream},  a  current  running  against  the  main  current  of 
  a  stream;  an  eddy. 
 
  {To  take  the  back  track},  to  retrace  one's  steps;  to  retreat. 
  [Colloq.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  adv  [Shortened  from  aback.] 
  1.  In  to  or  toward,  the  rear;  as  to  stand  back  to  step 
  back 
 
  2.  To  the  place  from  which  one  came  to  the  place  or  person 
  from  which  something  is  taken  or  derived;  as  to  go  back 
  for  something  left  behind;  to  go  back  to  one's  native 
  place  to  put  a  book  back  after  reading  it 
 
  3.  To  a  former  state,  condition,  or  station;  as  to  go  back 
  to  private  life;  to  go  back  to  barbarism. 
 
  4.  (Of  time)  In  times  past;  ago.  ``Sixty  or  seventy  years 
  back.''  --Gladstone. 
 
  5.  Away  from  contact  by  reverse  movement. 
 
  The  angel  of  the  Lord  .  .  .  came  and  rolled  back 
  the  stone  from  the  door.  --Matt.  xxvii. 
  2. 
 
  6.  In  concealment  or  reserve;  in  one's  own  possession;  as  to 
  keep  back  the  truth;  to  keep  back  part  of  the  money  due  to 
  another. 
 
  7.  In  a  state  of  restraint  or  hindrance. 
 
  The  Lord  hath  kept  thee  back  from  honor.  --Numb. 
  xxiv.  11. 
 
  8.  In  return,  repayment,  or  requital. 
 
  What  have  I  to  give  you  back!  --Shak. 
 
  9.  In  withdrawal  from  a  statement,  promise,  or  undertaking; 
  as  he  took  back0  the  offensive  words 
 
  10.  In  arrear;  as  to  be  back  in  one's  rent.  [Colloq.] 
 
  {Back  and  forth},  backwards  and  forwards;  to  and  fro. 
 
  {To  go  back  on},  to  turn  back  from  to  abandon;  to  betray; 
  as  to  go  back  on  a  friend;  to  go  back  on  one's 
  professions.  [Colloq.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Backed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Backing}.] 
  1.  To  get  upon  the  back  of  to  mount. 
 
  I  will  back  him  [a  horse]  straight.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  place  or  seat  upon  the  back  [R.] 
 
  Great  Jupiter,  upon  his  eagle  backed,  Appeared  to 
  me  --Shak. 
 
  3.  To  drive  or  force  backward;  to  cause  to  retreat  or  recede; 
  as  to  back  oxen. 
 
  4.  To  make  a  back  for  to  furnish  with  a  back  as  to  back 
  books. 
 
  5.  To  adjoin  behind;  to  be  at  the  back  of 
 
  A  garden  .  .  .  with  a  vineyard  backed.  --Shak. 
 
  The  chalk  cliffs  which  back  the  beach.  --Huxley. 
 
  6.  To  write  upon  the  back  of  as  to  back  a  letter;  to 
  indorse;  as  to  back  a  note  or  legal  document. 
 
  7.  To  support;  to  maintain;  to  second  or  strengthen  by  aid  or 
  influence;  as  to  back  a  friend.  ``Parliament  would  be 
  backed  by  the  people.''  --Macaulay. 
 
  Have  still  found  it  necessary  to  back  and  fortify 
  their  laws  with  rewards  and  punishments.  --South. 
 
  The  mate  backed  the  captain  manfully.  --Blackw.  Mag. 
 
  8.  To  bet  on  the  success  of  --  as  to  back  a  race  horse. 
 
  {To  back  an  anchor}  (Naut.),  to  lay  down  a  small  anchor  ahead 
  of  a  large  one  the  cable  of  the  small  one  being  fastened 
  to  the  crown  of  the  large  one 
 
  {To  back  the  field},  in  horse  racing,  to  bet  against  a 
  particular  horse  or  horses,  that  some  one  of  all  the  other 
  horses,  collectively  designated  ``the  field'',  will  win. 
 
 
  {To  back  the  oars},  to  row  backward  with  the  oars. 
 
  {To  back  a  rope},  to  put  on  a  preventer. 
 
  {To  back  the  sails},  to  arrange  them  so  as  to  cause  the  ship 
  to  move  astern. 
 
  {To  back  up},  to  support;  to  sustain;  as  to  back  up  one's 
  friends. 
 
  {To  back  a  warrant}  (Law),  is  for  a  justice  of  the  peace,  in 
  the  county  where  the  warrant  is  to  be  executed,  to  sign  or 
  indorse  a  warrant,  issued  in  another  county,  to  apprehend 
  an  offender. 
 
  {To  back  water}  (Naut.),  to  reverse  the  action  of  the  oars, 
  paddles,  or  propeller,  so  as  to  force  the  boat  or  ship 
  backward. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Back  \Back\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  move  or  go  backward;  as  the  horse  refuses  to  back 
 
  2.  (Naut.)  To  change  from  one  quarter  to  another  by  a  course 
  opposite  to  that  of  the  sun;  --  used  of  the  wind. 
 
  3.  (Sporting)  To  stand  still  behind  another  dog  which  has 
  pointed;  --  said  of  a  dog.  [Eng.] 
 
  {To  back  and  fill},  to  manage  the  sails  of  a  ship  so  that  the 
  wind  strikes  them  alternately  in  front  and  behind,  in 
  order  to  keep  the  ship  in  the  middle  of  a  river  or  channel 
  while  the  current  or  tide  carries  the  vessel  against  the 
  wind.  Hence:  (Fig.)  To  take  opposite  positions 
  alternately;  to  assert  and  deny.  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  back  out},  {To  back  down},  to  retreat  or  withdraw  from  a 
  promise,  engagement,  or  contest;  to  recede.  [Colloq.] 
 
  Cleon  at  first  .  .  .  was  willing  to  go  but  finding 
  that  he  [Nicias]  was  in  earnest,  he  tried  to  back 
  out  --Jowett 
  (Thucyd.  ) 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  back 
  adj  1:  related  to  or  located  at  the  back  "the  back  yard";  "the 
  back  entrance"  [syn:  {back(a)}]  [ant:  {front(a)}] 
  2:  located  at  or  near  the  back  of  an  animal;  "back  (or  hind) 
  legs";  "the  hinder  part  of  a  carcass"  [syn:  {back(a)},  {hind(a)}, 
  {hinder(a)}] 
  3:  of  an  earlier  date;  "back  issues  of  the  magazine"  [syn:  {back(a)}] 
  n  1:  the  posterior  part  of  a  human  (or  animal)  body  from  the  neck 
  to  the  end  of  the  spine;  "his  back  was  nicely  tanned" 
  [syn:  {dorsum}] 
  2:  the  side  that  goes  last  or  is  not  normally  seen;  "he  wrote 
  the  date  on  the  back  of  the  photograph"  [syn:  {rear}] 
  [ant:  {front}] 
  3:  the  part  of  something  that  is  furthest  from  the  normal 
  viewer:  "he  stood  at  the  back  of  the  stage";  "it  was 
  hidden  in  the  rear  of  the  store"  [syn:  {rear}]  [ant:  {front}] 
  4:  (football)  a  person  who  plays  in  the  backfield 
  5:  the  series  of  vertebrae  forming  the  axis  of  the  skeleton  and 
  protecting  the  spinal  cord;  "the  fall  broke  his  back" 
  [syn:  {spinal  column},  {vertebral  column},  {spine},  {backbone}] 
  6:  the  front  and  back  covering  of  a  book;  "the  book  had  a 
  leather  binding"  [syn:  {binding},  {book  binding},  {cover}] 
  7:  the  part  of  a  garment  that  covers  your  back  "they  pinned  a 
  `kick  me'  sign  on  his  back" 
  8:  a  support  that  you  can  lean  against  while  sitting;  "the  back 
  of  the  dental  chair  was  adjustable"  [syn:  {backrest}] 
  9:  the  position  of  a  player  on  a  football  team  who  is  stationed 
  behind  the  line  of  scrimmage 
  adv  1:  in  or  to  or  toward  a  former  location;  "she  went  back  to  her 
  parents'  house" 
  2:  at  or  to  or  toward  or  the  back  or  rear;  "he  moved  back"; 
  "tripped  when  he  stepped  backward";  "she  looked  rearward 
  out  the  window  of  the  car"  [syn:  {backward},  {backwards}, 
  {rearward},  {rearwards}]  [ant:  {forward}] 
  3:  in  or  to  or  toward  an  original  condition;  "he  went  back  to 
  sleep" 
  4:  in  or  to  or  toward  a  past  time;  "set  the  clocks  back  an 
  hour";  "never  look  back";  "lovers  of  the  past  looking 
  fondly  backward"  [syn:  {backward}]  [ant:  {ahead},  {ahead}] 
  5:  in  answer;  "he  wrote  back  three  days  later";  "had  little  to 
  say  in  reply  to  the  questions"  [syn:  {in  reply}] 
  6:  in  repayment  or  retaliation;  "we  paid  back  everything  we  had 
  borrowed";  "he  hit  me  and  I  hit  him  back";  "I  was  kept  in 
  after  school  for  talking  back  to  the  teacher" 
  v  1:  be  behind;  support  or  vote  for  "He  plumped  for  the  Labor 
  Party";  "I  backed  Kennedy  in  1960"  [syn:  {endorse},  {plump 
  for},  {plunk  for},  {support}] 
  2:  travel  backward;  "back  into  the  driveway";  "The  car  backed 
  up  and  hit  the  tree" 
  3:  give  support  or  one's  blessing  to  "I'll  second  that 
  motion";  "I  can't  back  this  plan";  "endorse  a  new  project" 
  [syn:  {second},  {endorse},  {indorse}] 
  4:  cause  to  travel  backward;  "back  the  car  into  the  parking 
  spot"  [ant:  {advance}] 
  5:  support  financial  backing  for  "back  this  enterprise" 
  6:  be  in  back  of  "My  garage  backs  their  yard"  [ant:  {front}] 
  7:  place  a  bet  on  "Which  horse  are  you  backing?"  "I'm  betting 
  on  the  new  horse"  [syn:  {bet  on},  {gage},  {stake},  {game}, 
  {punt}] 
  8:  shift  to  a  counterclockwise  direction,  of  the  wind 
  9:  establish  as  valid  or  genuine;  "Can  you  substantiate  your 
  claims?"  [syn:  {substantiate},  {back  up}] 
  10:  strengthen  by  providing  with  a  back  or  backing 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  BACK  n.  That  part  of  your  friend  which  it  is  your  privilege  to 
  contemplate  in  your  adversity. 
 
 




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