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  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Barbizon  \Bar`bi`zon"\,  or  Barbison  \Bar`bi`son"\,  school 
  \school\  (Painting) 
  A  French  school  of  the  middle  of  the  19th  century  centering 
  in  the  village  of  Barbizon  near  the  forest  of  Fontainebleau 
  Its  members  went  straight  to  nature  in  disregard  of  academic 
  tradition,  treating  their  subjects  faithfully  and  with  poetic 
  feeling  for  color,  light,  and  atmosphere.  It  is  exemplified, 
  esp.  in  landscapes,  by  Corot,  Rousseau,  Daubigny  Jules 
  Dupr['e],  and  Diaz.  Associated  with  them  are  certain  painters 
  of  animals,  as  Troyon  and  Jaque,  and  of  peasant  life,  as 
  Millet  and  Jules  Breton.