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batteries

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batteries


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Battery  \Bat"ter*y\,  n.;  pl  {Batteries}.  [F.  batterie  fr 
  battre.  See  {Batter},  v.  t.] 
  1.  The  act  of  battering  or  beating. 
 
  2.  (Law)  The  unlawful  beating  of  another.  It  includes  every 
  willful,  angry  and  violent,  or  negligent  touching  of 
  another's  person  or  clothes,  or  anything  attached  to  his 
  person  or  held  by  him 
 
  3.  (Mil.) 
  a  Any  place  where  cannon  or  mortars  are  mounted,  for 
  attack  or  defense. 
  b  Two  or  more  pieces  of  artillery  in  the  field. 
  c  A  company  or  division  of  artillery,  including  the 
  gunners,  guns,  horses,  and  all  equipments.  In  the 
  United  States,  a  battery  of  flying  artillery  consists 
  usually  of  six  guns. 
 
  {Barbette  battery}.  See  {Barbette}. 
 
  {Battery  d'enfilade},  or  {Enfilading  battery},  one  that 
  sweeps  the  whole  length  of  a  line  of  troops  or  part  of  a 
  work 
 
  {Battery  en  ['e]charpe},  one  that  plays  obliquely. 
 
  {Battery  gun},  a  gun  capable  of  firing  a  number,  of  shots 
  simultaneously  or  successively  without  stopping  to  load. 
 
 
  {Battery  wagon},  a  wagon  employed  to  transport  the  tools  and 
  materials  for  repair  of  the  carriages,  etc.,  of  the 
  battery. 
 
  {In  battery},  projecting,  as  a  gun,  into  an  embrasure  or  over 
  a  parapet  in  readiness  for  firing. 
 
  {Masked  battery},  a  battery  artificially  concealed  until 
  required  to  open  upon  the  enemy. 
 
  {Out  of  battery},  or  {From  battery},  withdrawn,  as  a  gun,  to 
  a  position  for  loading. 
 
  4.  (Elec.) 
  a  A  number  of  coated  jars  (Leyden  jars)  so  connected 
  that  they  may  be  charged  and  discharged 
  simultaneously. 
  b  An  apparatus  for  generating  voltaic  electricity. 
 
  Note:  In  the  trough  battery,  copper  and  zinc  plates, 
  connected  in  pairs,  divide  the  trough  into  cells,  which 
  are  filled  with  an  acid  or  oxidizing  liquid;  the  effect 
  is  exhibited  when  wires  connected  with  the  two 
  end-plates  are  brought  together.  In  Daniell's  battery, 
  the  metals  are  zinc  and  copper,  the  former  in  dilute 
  sulphuric  acid,  or  a  solution  of  sulphate  of  zinc,  the 
  latter  in  a  saturated  solution  of  sulphate  of  copper.  A 
  modification  of  this  is  the  common  gravity  battery,  so 
  called  from  the  automatic  action  of  the  two  fluids, 
  which  are  separated  by  their  specific  gravities.  In 
  Grove's  battery,  platinum  is  the  metal  used  with  zinc; 
  two  fluids  are  used  one  of  them  in  a  porous  cell 
  surrounded  by  the  other  In  Bunsen's  or  the  carbon 
  battery,  the  carbon  of  gas  coke  is  substituted  for  the 
  platinum  of  Grove's.  In  Leclanch['e]'s  battery,  the 
  elements  are  zinc  in  a  solution  of  ammonium  chloride, 
  and  gas  carbon  surrounded  with  manganese  dioxide  in  a 
  porous  cell.  A  secondary  battery  is  a  battery  which 
  usually  has  the  two  plates  of  the  same  kind  generally 
  of  lead,  in  dilute  sulphuric  acid,  and  which  when 
  traversed  by  an  electric  current,  becomes  charged,  and 
  is  then  capable  of  giving  a  current  of  itself  for  a 
  time,  owing  to  chemical  changes  produced  by  the 
  charging  current.  A  storage  battery  is  a  kind  of 
  secondary  battery  used  for  accumulating  and  storing  the 
  energy  of  electrical  charges  or  currents,  usually  by 
  means  of  chemical  work  done  by  them  an  accumulator. 
 
  5.  A  number  of  similar  machines  or  devices  in  position;  an 
  apparatus  consisting  of  a  set  of  similar  parts  as  a 
  battery  of  boilers,  of  retorts,  condensers,  etc 
 
  6.  (Metallurgy)  A  series  of  stamps  operated  by  one  motive 
  power,  for  crushing  ores  containing  the  precious  metals. 
  --Knight. 
 
  7.  The  box  in  which  the  stamps  for  crushing  ore  play  up  and 
  down 
 
  8.  (Baseball)  The  pitcher  and  catcher  together. 




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