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benjamin

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benjamin


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Spicewood  \Spice"wood`\,  n.  (Bot.) 
  An  American  shrub  ({Lindera  Benzoin}),  the  bark  of  which  has 
  a  spicy  taste  and  odor;  --  called  also  {Benjamin},  {wild 
  allspice},  and  {fever  bush}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Benjamin  \Ben"ja*min\,  n.  [Corrupted  from  benzoin.] 
  See  {Benzoin}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Benjamin  \Ben"ja*min\,  n. 
  A  kind  of  upper  coat  for  men.  [Colloq.  Eng.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Benzoin  \Ben*zoin"\  (b[e^]n*zoin"),  n.  [Cf.  F.  benjoin,  Sp 
  benjui  Pg  beijoin  all  fr  Ar  lub[=a]n-j[=a]w[=i]  incense 
  form  Sumatra  (named  Java  in  Arabic),  the  first  syllable  being 
  lost.  Cf  {Benjamin}.] 
 
  Note:  [Called  also  {benjamin}.] 
  1.  A  resinous  substance,  dry  and  brittle,  obtained  from  the 
  {Styrax  benzoin},  a  tree  of  Sumatra,  Java,  etc.,  having  a 
  fragrant  odor,  and  slightly  aromatic  taste.  It  is  used  in 
  the  preparation  of  benzoic  acid,  in  medicine,  and  as  a 
  perfume. 
 
  2.  A  white  crystalline  substance,  {C14H12O2},  obtained  from 
  benzoic  aldehyde  and  some  other  sources. 
 
  3.  (Bot.)  The  spicebush  ({Lindera  benzoin}). 
 
  {Flowers  of  benzoin},  benzoic  acid.  See  under  {Benzoic}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  benjamin 
  n  :  gum  resin  used  especially  in  treating  skin  irritation  [syn: 
  {benzoin},  {gum  benzoin},  {gum  benjamin},  {asa  dulcis}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Benjamin,  TX  (city,  FIPS  7636) 
  Location:  33.58333  N,  99.79303  W 
  Population  (1990):  225  (131  housing  units) 
  Area:  2.7  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Benjamin 
  son  of  my  right  hand.  (1.)  The  younger  son  of  Jacob  by  Rachel 
  (Gen.  35:18).  His  birth  took  place  at  Ephrath,  on  the  road 
  between  Bethel  and  Bethlehem,  at  a  short  distance  from  the 
  latter  place  His  mother  died  in  giving  him  birth,  and  with  her 
  last  breath  named  him  Ben-oni,  son  of  my  pain,  a  name  which  was 
  changed  by  his  father  into  Benjamin.  His  posterity  are  called 
  Benjamites  (Gen.  49:27;  Deut.  33:12;  Josh.  18:21). 
 
  The  tribe  of  Benjamin  at  the  Exodus  was  the  smallest  but  one 
  (Num.  1:36,  37;  Ps  68:27).  During  the  march  its  place  was  along 
  with  Manasseh  and  Ephraim  on  the  west  of  the  tabernacle.  At  the 
  entrance  into  Canaan  it  counted  45,600  warriors.  It  has  been 
  inferred  by  some  from  the  words  of  Jacob  (Gen.  49:27)  that  the 
  figure  of  a  wolf  was  on  the  tribal  standard.  This  tribe  is 
  mentioned  in  Rom.  11:1;  Phil.  3:5. 
 
  The  inheritance  of  this  tribe  lay  immediately  to  the  south  of 
  that  of  Ephraim,  and  was  about  26  miles  in  length  and  12  in 
  breadth.  Its  eastern  boundary  was  the  Jordan.  Dan  intervened 
  between  it  and  the  Philistines.  Its  chief  towns  are  named  in 
  Josh.  18:21-28. 
 
  The  history  of  the  tribe  contains  a  sad  record  of  a  desolating 
  civil  war  in  which  they  were  engaged  with  the  other  eleven 
  tribes.  By  it  they  were  almost  exterminated  (Judg.  20:20,  21; 
  21:10).  (See  {GIBEAH}.) 
 
  The  first  king  of  the  Jews  was  Saul,  a  Benjamite.  A  close 
  alliance  was  formed  between  this  tribe  and  that  of  Judah  in  the 
  time  of  David  (2  Sam.  19:16,  17),  which  continued  after  his 
  death  (1  Kings  11:13;  12:20).  After  the  Exile  these  two  tribes 
  formed  the  great  body  of  the  Jewish  nation  (Ezra  1:5;  10:9). 
 
  The  tribe  of  Benjamin  was  famous  for  its  archers  (1  Sam. 
  20:20,  36;  2  Sam.  1:22;  1  Chr.  8:40;  12:2)  and  slingers  (Judge. 
  20:6). 
 
  The  gate  of  Benjamin,  on  the  north  side  of  Jerusalem  (Jer. 
  37:13;  38:7;  Zech.  14:10),  was  so  called  because  it  led  in  the 
  direction  of  the  territory  of  the  tribe  of  Benjamin.  It  is 
  called  by  Jeremiah  (20:2)  "the  high  gate  of  Benjamin;"  also  "the 
  gate  of  the  children  of  the  people"  (17:19).  (Comp.  2  Kings 
  14:13.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Benjamin,  son  of  the  right  hand 
 




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