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benzoin

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benzoin


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Benzoin  \Ben*zoin"\  (b[e^]n*zoin"),  n.  [Cf.  F.  benjoin,  Sp 
  benjui  Pg  beijoin  all  fr  Ar  lub[=a]n-j[=a]w[=i]  incense 
  form  Sumatra  (named  Java  in  Arabic),  the  first  syllable  being 
  lost.  Cf  {Benjamin}.] 
 
  Note:  [Called  also  {benjamin}.] 
  1.  A  resinous  substance,  dry  and  brittle,  obtained  from  the 
  {Styrax  benzoin},  a  tree  of  Sumatra,  Java,  etc.,  having  a 
  fragrant  odor,  and  slightly  aromatic  taste.  It  is  used  in 
  the  preparation  of  benzoic  acid,  in  medicine,  and  as  a 
  perfume. 
 
  2.  A  white  crystalline  substance,  {C14H12O2},  obtained  from 
  benzoic  aldehyde  and  some  other  sources. 
 
  3.  (Bot.)  The  spicebush  ({Lindera  benzoin}). 
 
  {Flowers  of  benzoin},  benzoic  acid.  See  under  {Benzoic}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  benzoin 
  n  1:  gum  resin  used  especially  in  treating  skin  irritation  [syn: 
  {gum  benzoin},  {benjamin},  {gum  benjamin},  {asa  dulcis}] 
  2:  used  in  some  classifications  for  the  American  spicebush  and 
  certain  other  plants  often  included  in  the  genus  Lindera 
  [syn:  {Benzoin},  {genus  Benzoin}] 




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