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bethlehem

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bethlehem


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bethlehem  \Beth"le*hem\,  n.  [Heb.  b?th-lekhem  house  of  food; 
  b?th  house  +  lekhem  food,  l[=a]kham  to  eat.  Formerly  the  name 
  of  a  hospital  for  the  insane,  in  London,  which  had  been  the 
  priory  of  St  Mary  of  Bethlehem.  Cf  {Bedlam}.] 
  1.  A  hospital  for  lunatics;  --  corrupted  into  bedlam. 
 
  2.  (Arch.)  In  the  Ethiopic  church,  a  small  building  attached 
  to  a  church  edifice,  in  which  the  bread  for  the  eucharist 
  is  made  --Audsley. 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Bethlehem,  CT 
  Zip  code(s):  06751 
  Bethlehem,  GA  (town,  FIPS  7612) 
  Location:  33.93761  N,  83.70844  W 
  Population  (1990):  348  (148  housing  units) 
  Area:  4.9  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  30620 
  Bethlehem,  KY 
  Zip  code(s):  40007 
  Bethlehem,  NC  (CDP,  FIPS  5530) 
  Location:  35.81345  N,  81.29237  W 
  Population  (1990):  3186  (1310  housing  units) 
  Area:  19.7  sq  km  (land),  3.4  sq  km  (water) 
  Bethlehem,  NH 
  Zip  code(s):  03574 
  Bethlehem,  PA  (city,  FIPS  6088) 
  Location:  40.62670  N,  75.36805  W 
  Population  (1990):  71428  (28486  housing  units) 
  Area:  49.9  sq  km  (land),  0.4  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  18015,  18018 
  Bethlehem,  SD 
  Zip  code(s):  57708 
  Bethlehem,  WV  (village,  FIPS  6940) 
  Location:  40.04471  N,  80.69198  W 
  Population  (1990):  2694  (1137  housing  units) 
  Area:  9.1  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Bethlehem 
  house  of  bread.  (1.)  A  city  in  the  "hill  country"  of  Judah.  It 
  was  originally  called  Ephrath  (Gen.  35:16,  19;  48:7;  Ruth  4:11). 
  It  was  also  called  Beth-lehem  Ephratah  (Micah  5:2), 
  Beth-lehem-judah  (1  Sam.  17:12),  and  "the  city  of  David"  (Luke 
  2:4).  It  is  first  noticed  in  Scripture  as  the  place  where  Rachel 
  died  and  was  buried  "by  the  wayside,"  directly  to  the  north  of 
  the  city  (Gen.  48:7).  The  valley  to  the  east  was  the  scene  of 
  the  story  of  Ruth  the  Moabitess.  There  are  the  fields  in  which 
  she  gleaned,  and  the  path  by  which  she  and  Naomi  returned  to  the 
  town.  Here  was  David's  birth-place,  and  here  also  in  after 
  years,  he  was  anointed  as  king  by  Samuel  (1  Sam.  16:4-13);  and 
  it  was  from  the  well  of  Bethlehem  that  three  of  his  heroes 
  brought  water  for  him  at  the  risk  of  their  lives  when  he  was  in 
  the  cave  of  Adullam  (2  Sam.  23:13-17).  But  it  was  distinguished 
  above  every  other  city  as  the  birth-place  of  "Him  whose  goings 
  forth  have  been  of  old"  (Matt.  2:6;  comp.  Micah  5:2).  Afterwards 
  Herod,  "when  he  saw  that  he  was  mocked  of  the  wise  men,"  sent 
  and  slew  "all  the  children  that  were  in  Bethlehem,  and  in  all 
  the  coasts  thereof,  from  two  years  old  and  under"  (Matt.  2:16, 
  18;  Jer.  31:15). 
 
  Bethlehem  bears  the  modern  name  of  Beit-Lahm,  i.e.,  "house  of 
  flesh."  It  is  about  5  miles  south  of  Jerusalem,  standing  at  an 
  elevation  of  about  2,550  feet  above  the  sea,  thus  100  feet 
  higher  than  Jerusalem. 
 
  There  is  a  church  still  existing,  built  by  Constantine  the 
  Great  (A.D.  330),  called  the  "Church  of  the  Nativity,"  over  a 
  grotto  or  cave  called  the  "holy  crypt,"  and  said  to  be  the 
  stable"  in  which  Jesus  was  born.  This  is  perhaps  the  oldest 
  existing  Christian  church  in  the  world.  Close  to  it  is  another 
  grotto,  where  Jerome  the  Latin  father  is  said  to  have  spent 
  thirty  years  of  his  life  in  translating  the  Scriptures  into 
  Latin.  (See  {VERSION}.) 
 
  (2.)  A  city  of  Zebulun,  mentioned  only  in  Josh.  19:15.  Now 
  Beit-Lahm,  a  ruined  village  about  6  miles  west-north-west  of 
  Nazareth. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Beth-lehem,  house  of  bread 
 




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