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binary

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binary


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Binary  \Bi"na*ry\,  a.  [L.  binarius  fr  bini  two  by  two  two  at 
  a  time,  fr  root  of  bis  twice;  akin  to  E.  two:  cf  F. 
  binaire.] 
  Compounded  or  consisting  of  two  things  or  parts 
  characterized  by  two  (things). 
 
  {Binary  arithmetic},  that  in  which  numbers  are  expressed 
  according  to  the  binary  scale,  or  in  which  two  figures 
  only,  0  and  1,  are  used  in  lieu  of  ten  the  cipher 
  multiplying  everything  by  two  as  in  common  arithmetic  by 
  ten  Thus  1  is  one  10  is  two  11  is  three  100  is  four 
  etc  --Davies  &  Peck. 
 
  {Binary  compound}  (Chem.),  a  compound  of  two  elements,  or  of 
  an  element  and  a  compound  performing  the  function  of  an 
  element,  or  of  two  compounds  performing  the  function  of 
  elements. 
 
  {Binary  logarithms},  a  system  of  logarithms  devised  by  Euler 
  for  facilitating  musical  calculations,  in  which  1  is  the 
  logarithm  of  2,  instead  of  10,  as  in  the  common 
  logarithms,  and  the  modulus  1.442695  instead  of  .43429448. 
 
 
  {Binary  measure}  (Mus.),  measure  divisible  by  two  or  four 
  common  time. 
 
  {Binary  nomenclature}  (Nat.  Hist.),  nomenclature  in  which  the 
  names  designate  both  genus  and  species. 
 
  {Binary  scale}  (Arith.),  a  uniform  scale  of  notation  whose 
  ratio  is  two 
 
  {Binary  star}  (Astron.),  a  double  star  whose  members  have  a 
  revolution  round  their  common  center  of  gravity. 
 
  {Binary  theory}  (Chem.),  the  theory  that  all  chemical 
  compounds  consist  of  two  constituents  of  opposite  and 
  unlike  qualities. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Binary  \Bi"na*ry\,  n. 
  That  which  is  constituted  of  two  figures,  things  or  parts 
  two  duality.  --Fotherby. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  binary 
  adj  1:  of  or  pertaining  to  a  number  system  have  2  as  its  base;  "a 
  binary  digit" 
  2:  consisting  of  two  (units  or  components  or  elements  or  terms) 
  or  based  on  two  "a  binary  star  is  a  system  in  which  two 
  stars  revolve  around  each  other";  "a  binary  compound"; 
  "the  binary  number  system  has  two  as  its  base" 
  n  :  a  system  of  two  stars  that  revolve  around  each  other  under 
  their  mutual  gravitation  [syn:  {binary  star},  {double 
  star}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  binary 
 
  1.    {Base}  two  A  number  representation 
  consisting  of  zeros  and  ones  used  by  practically  all  computers 
  because  of  its  ease  of  implementation  using  digital 
  electronics  and  {Boolean  algebra}. 
 
  2.    Any  file  format  for  {digital}  {data}  encoded 
  as  a  sequence  of  {bit}s  but  not  consisting  of  a  sequence  of 
  printable  {characters}  ({text}).  The  term  is  often  used  for 
  executable  {machine  code}. 
 
  Of  course  all  digital  data,  including  characters,  is  actually 
  binary  data  (unless  it  uses  some  rare  system  with  more  than 
  two  discrete  levels)  but  the  distinction  between  binary  and 
  text  is  well  established. 
 
  3.    A  description  of  an  {operator}  which  takes 
  two  {arguments}.  See  also  {unary},  {ternary}. 
 
  (1998-07-29) 
 
 




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