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bitter

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bitter


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bitter  \Bit"ter\,  n.  [See  {Bitts}.]  (Naut.) 
  AA  turn  of  the  cable  which  is  round  the  bitts. 
 
  {Bitter  end},  that  part  of  a  cable  which  is  abaft  the  bitts, 
  and  so  within  board,  when  the  ship  rides  at  anchor. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bitter  \Bit"ter\,  a.  [AS.  biter;  akin  to  Goth.  baitrs  Icel. 
  bitr,  Dan.,  Sw.,  D.,  &  G.  bitter,  OS  bittar,  fr  root  of  E. 
  bite.  See  {Bite},  v.  t.] 
  1.  Having  a  peculiar,  acrid,  biting  taste,  like  that  of 
  wormwood  or  an  infusion  of  hops;  as  a  bitter  medicine; 
  bitter  as  aloes. 
 
  2.  Causing  pain  or  smart;  piercing;  painful;  sharp;  severe; 
  as  a  bitter  cold  day 
 
  3.  Causing,  or  fitted  to  cause  pain  or  distress  to  the  mind; 
  calamitous;  poignant. 
 
  It  is  an  evil  thing  and  bitter,  that  thou  hast 
  forsaken  the  Lord  thy  God.  --Jer.  ii  19. 
 
  4.  Characterized  by  sharpness,  severity,  or  cruelty;  harsh; 
  stern;  virulent;  as  bitter  reproach. 
 
  Husbands,  love  your  wives,  and  be  not  bitter  against 
  them  --Col.  iii. 
  19. 
 
  5.  Mournful;  sad;  distressing;  painful;  pitiable. 
 
  The  Egyptians  .  .  .  made  their  lives  bitter  with 
  hard  bondage.  --Ex.  i.  14. 
 
  {Bitter  apple},  {Bitter  cucumber},  {Bitter  gourd}.  (Bot.)  See 
  {Colocynth}. 
 
  {Bitter  cress}  (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  genus  {Cardamine},  esp. 
  {C.  amara}. 
 
  {Bitter  earth}  (Min.),  tale  earth;  calcined  magnesia. 
 
  {Bitter  principles}  (Chem.),  a  class  of  substances,  extracted 
  from  vegetable  products,  having  strong  bitter  taste  but 
  with  no  sharply  defined  chemical  characteristics. 
 
  {Bitter  salt},  Epsom  salts;  magnesium  sulphate. 
 
  {Bitter  vetch}  (Bot.),  a  name  given  to  two  European 
  leguminous  herbs,  {Vicia  Orobus}  and  {Ervum  Ervilia}. 
 
  {To  the  bitter  end},  to  the  last  extremity,  however 
  calamitous. 
 
  Syn:  Acrid;  sharp;  harsh;  pungent;  stinging;  cutting;  severe; 
  acrimonious. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bitter  \Bit"ter\,  n. 
  Any  substance  that  is  bitter.  See  {Bitters}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bitter  \Bit"ter\,  v.  t. 
  To  make  bitter.  --Wolcott. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  bitter 
  adj  1:  marked  by  strong  resentment  or  cynicism;  "an  acrimonious 
  dispute";  "bitter  about  the  divorce"  [syn:  {acrimonious}] 
  2:  very  difficult  to  accept  or  bear;  "the  bitter  truth";  "a 
  bitter  sorrow" 
  3:  harsh  or  corrosive  in  tone;  "an  acerbic  tone  piercing 
  otherwise  flowery  prose";  "a  barrage  of  acid  comments"; 
  "her  acrid  remarks  make  her  many  enemies";  "bitter  words"; 
  "blistering  criticism";  "caustic  jokes  about  political 
  assassination,  talk-show  hosts  and  medical  ethics";  "a 
  sulfurous  denunciation"  [syn:  {acerb},  {acerbic},  {acid}, 
  {acrid},  {blistering},  {caustic},  {sulfurous},  {sulphurous}, 
  {venomous},  {virulent},  {vitriolic}] 
  4:  one  of  the  four  basic  taste  sensations;  sharp  and 
  disagreeable;  like  the  taste  of  quinine 
  5:  expressive  of  severe  grief  or  regret;  "shed  bitter  tears" 
  6:  proceeding  from  or  exhibiting  great  hostility  or  animosity; 
  "a  bitter  struggle";  "bitter  enemies" 
  7:  causing  a  sharply  painful  or  stinging  sensation;  used 
  especially  of  cold;  "bitter  cold";  "a  biting  wind"  [syn:  {biting}] 
  n  1:  (British)  dry  sharp-tasting  ale  with  strong  flavor  of  hops 
  2:  the  taste  experience  when  quinine  or  coffee  is  taken  into 
  the  mouth  [syn:  {bitterness}] 
  3:  the  property  of  having  a  harsh  unpleasant  taste  [syn:  {bitterness}] 
  adv  :  extremely  and  sharply;  "it  was  bitterly  cold";  "bitter  cold" 
  [syn:  {piercingly},  {bitterly},  {bitingly}] 
  v  :  make  bitter 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Bitter 
  Bitterness  is  symbolical  of  affliction,  misery,  and  servitude 
  (Ex.  1:14;  Ruth  1:20;  Jer.  9:15).  The  Chaldeans  are  called  the 
  "bitter  and  hasty  nation"  (Hab.  1:6).  The  "gall  of  bitterness" 
  expresses  a  state  of  great  wickedness  (Acts  8:23).  A  "root  of 
  bitterness"  is  a  wicked  person  or  a  dangerous  sin  (Heb.  12:15). 
 
  The  Passover  was  to  be  eaten  with  "bitter  herbs"  (Ex.  12:8; 
  Num.  9:11).  The  kind  of  herbs  so  designated  is  not  known 
  Probably  they  were  any  bitter  herbs  obtainable  at  the  place  and 
  time  when  the  Passover  was  celebrated.  They  represented  the 
  severity  of  the  servitude  under  which  the  people  groaned;  and 
  have  been  regarded  also  as  typical  of  the  sufferings  of  Christ. 
 




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