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bittern

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bittern


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bittern  \Bit"tern\,  n.  [OE.  bitoure  betore,  bitter,  fr  F. 
  butor;  of  unknown  origin.]  (Zo["o]l.) 
  A  wading  bird  of  the  genus  {Botaurus},  allied  to  the  herons, 
  of  various  species. 
 
  Note:  The  common  European  bittern  is  {Botaurus  stellaris}.  It 
  makes  during  the  brooding  season,  a  noise  called  by 
  Dryden  bumping,  and  by  Goldsmith  booming.  The  American 
  bittern  is  {B.  lentiginosus},  and  is  also  called 
  {stake-driver}  and  {meadow  hen}.  See  {Stake-driver}. 
 
  Note:  The  name  is  applied  to  other  related  birds,  as  the 
  {least  bittern}  ({Ardetta  exilis}),  and  the  {sun 
  bittern}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bittern  \Bit"tern\,  n.  [From  {Bitter},  a.] 
  1.  The  brine  which  remains  in  salt  works  after  the  salt  is 
  concreted,  having  a  bitter  taste  from  the  chloride  of 
  magnesium  which  it  contains. 
 
  2.  A  very  bitter  compound  of  quassia,  cocculus  Indicus,  etc., 
  used  by  fraudulent  brewers  in  adulterating  beer.  --Cooley. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  bittern 
  n  :  relatively  small  compact  tawny-brown  heron  with  nocturnal 
  habits  and  a  booming  cry;  found  in  marshes 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Bittern 
  is  found  three  times  in  connection  with  the  desolations  to  come 
  upon  Babylon,  Idumea,  and  Nineveh  (Isa.  14:23;  34:11;  Zeph. 
  2:14).  This  bird  belongs  to  the  class  of  cranes.  Its  scientific 
  name  is  Botaurus  stellaris.  It  is  a  solitary  bird,  frequenting 
  marshy  ground.  The  Hebrew  word  kippod  thus  rendered  in  the 
  Authorized  Version  is  rendered  porcupine"  in  the  Revised 
  Version.  But  in  the  passages  noted  the  kippod  is  associated  with 
  birds,  with  pools  of  water,  and  with  solitude  and  desolation. 
  This  favours  the  idea  that  not  the  porcupine"  but  the  bittern" 
  is  really  intended  by  the  word 
 




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