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block

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block


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Block  \Block\,  n. 
  1.  In  Australia,  one  of  the  large  lots  into  which  public 
  land,  when  opened  to  settlers,  is  divided  by  the 
  government  surveyors. 
 
  2.  (Cricket) 
  a  The  position  of  a  player  or  bat  when  guarding  the 
  wicket. 
  b  A  block  hole. 
  c  The  popping  crease.  [R.] 
 
  {Back  blocks},  Australian  pastoral  country  which  is  remote 
  from  the  seacoast  or  from  a  river. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Block  \Block\,  n.  [OE.  blok;  cf  F.  bloc  (fr.  OHG.),  D.  &  Dan. 
  blok,  Sw  &  G.  block,  OHG.  bloch.  There  is  also  an  OHG. 
  bloch,  biloh;  bi  by  +  the  same  root  as  that  of  E.  lock.  Cf 
  {Block},  v.  t.,  {Blockade},  and  see  {Lock}.] 
  1.  A  piece  of  wood  more  or  less  bulky;  a  solid  mass  of  wood, 
  stone,  etc.,  usually  with  one  or  more  plane,  or 
  approximately  plane,  faces;  as  a  block  on  which  a  butcher 
  chops  his  meat;  a  block  by  which  to  mount  a  horse; 
  children's  playing  blocks,  etc 
 
  Now  all  our  neighbors'  chimneys  smoke,  And  Christmas 
  blocks  are  burning.  --Wither. 
 
  All  her  labor  was  but  as  a  block  Left  in  the  quarry. 
  --Tennyson. 
 
  2.  The  solid  piece  of  wood  on  which  condemned  persons  lay 
  their  necks  when  they  are  beheaded. 
 
  Noble  heads  which  have  been  brought  to  the  block. 
  --E.  Everett. 
 
  3.  The  wooden  mold  on  which  hats,  bonnets,  etc.,  are  shaped. 
  Hence:  The  pattern  or  shape  of  a  hat. 
 
  He  wears  his  faith  but  as  the  fashion  of  his  hat;  it 
  ever  changes  with  the  next  block.  --Shak. 
 
  4.  A  large  or  long  building  divided  into  separate  houses  or 
  shops,  or  a  number  of  houses  or  shops  built  in  contact 
  with  each  other  so  as  to  form  one  building;  a  row  of 
  houses  or  shops. 
 
  5.  A  square,  or  portion  of  a  city  inclosed  by  streets, 
  whether  occupied  by  buildings  or  not 
 
  The  new  city  was  laid  out  in  rectangular  blocks, 
  each  block  containing  thirty  building  lots  Such  an 
  average  block,  comprising  282  houses  and  covering 
  nine  acres  of  ground,  exists  in  Oxford  Street. 
  --Lond.  Quart. 
  Rev. 
 
  6.  A  grooved  pulley  or  sheave  incased  in  a  frame  or  shell 
  which  is  provided  with  a  hook,  eye,  or  strap,  by  which  it 
  may  be  attached  to  an  object.  It  is  used  to  change  the 
  direction  of  motion,  as  in  raising  a  heavy  object  that  can 
  not  be  conveniently  reached,  and  also  when  two  or  more 
  such  sheaves  are  compounded,  to  change  the  rate  of  motion, 
  or  to  exert  increased  force;  --  used  especially  in  the 
  rigging  of  ships,  and  in  tackles. 
 
  7.  (Falconry)  The  perch  on  which  a  bird  of  prey  is  kept. 
 
  8.  Any  obstruction,  or  cause  of  obstruction;  a  stop;  a 
  hindrance;  an  obstacle;  as  a  block  in  the  way 
 
  9.  A  piece  of  box  or  other  wood  for  engravers'  work 
 
  10.  (Print.)  A  piece  of  hard  wood  (as  mahogany  or  cherry)  on 
  which  a  stereotype  or  electrotype  plate  is  mounted  to 
  make  it  type  high. 
 
  11.  A  blockhead;  a  stupid  fellow;  a  dolt.  [Obs.] 
 
  What  a  block  art  thou  !  --Shak. 
 
  12.  A  section  of  a  railroad  where  the  block  system  is  used 
  See  {Block  system},  below. 
 
  {A  block  of  shares}  (Stock  Exchange),  a  large  number  of 
  shares  in  a  stock  company,  sold  in  a  lump.  --Bartlett. 
 
  {Block  printing}. 
  a  A  mode  of  printing  (common  in  China  and  Japan)  from 
  engraved  boards  by  means  of  a  sheet  of  paper  laid  on 
  the  linked  surface  and  rubbed  with  a  brush.  --S.  W. 
  Williams. 
  b  A  method  of  printing  cotton  cloth  and  paper  hangings 
  with  colors,  by  pressing  them  upon  an  engraved 
  surface  coated  with  coloring  matter. 
 
  {Block  system}  on  railways,  a  system  by  which  the  track  is 
  divided  into  sections  of  three  or  four  miles,  and  trains 
  are  so  run  by  the  guidance  of  electric  signals  that  no 
  train  enters  a  section  or  block  before  the  preceding  train 
  has  left  it 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Block  \Block\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Blocked};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Blocking}.]  [Cf.  F.  bloquer  fr  bloc  block.  See  {Block}, 
  n.] 
  1.  To  obstruct  so  as  to  prevent  passage  or  progress;  to 
  prevent  passage  from  through  or  into  by  obstructing  the 
  way  --  used  both  of  persons  and  things  --  often  followed 
  by  up  as  to  block  up  a  road  or  harbor. 
 
  With  moles  .  .  .  would  block  the  port.  --Rowe. 
 
  A  city  .  .  .  besieged  and  blocked  about  --Milton. 
 
  2.  To  secure  or  support  by  means  of  blocks;  to  secure,  as  two 
  boards  at  their  angles  of  intersection,  by  pieces  of  wood 
  glued  to  each 
 
  3.  To  shape  on  or  stamp  with  a  block;  as  to  block  a  hat. 
 
  {To  block  out},  to  begin  to  reduce  to  shape;  to  mark  out 
  roughly;  to  lay  out  as  to  block  out  a  plan 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  block 
  n  1:  a  solid  piece  of  something  (usually  having  flat  rectangular 
  sides);  "the  pyramids  were  built  with  large  stone 
  blocks" 
  2:  a  rectangular  area  in  a  city  surrounded  by  streets  and 
  usually  containing  several  buildings;  "he  lives  in  the 
  next  block"  [syn:  {city  block}] 
  3:  a  three-dimensional  shape  with  six  square  or  rectangular 
  sides  [syn:  {cube}] 
  4:  a  number  or  quantity  of  related  things  dealt  with  as  a  unit; 
  "he  reserved  a  large  block  of  seats";  "he  held  a  large 
  block  of  the  company's  stock" 
  5:  housing  in  a  large  building  that  is  divided  into  separate 
  units;  "there  is  a  block  of  classrooms  in  the  west  wing" 
  6:  a  sector  or  group  of  sectors  that  function  as  the  smallest 
  data  unit  permitted;  "since  blocks  are  often  defined  as  a 
  single  sector,  the  terms  `block'  and  `sector'  are 
  sometimes  used  interchangeably" 
  7:  an  inability  to  remember  or  think  of  something  you  normally 
  can  do  often  caused  by  emotional  tension;  "I  knew  his 
  name  perfectly  well  but  I  had  a  temporary  block"  [syn:  {mental 
  block}] 
  8:  a  simple  machine  consisting  of  a  wheel  with  a  groove  in 
  which  a  rope  can  run  to  change  the  direction  or  point  of 
  application  of  a  force  applied  to  the  rope  [syn:  {pulley}, 
  {pulley-block}] 
  9:  a  metal  casting  containing  the  cylinders  and  cooling  ducts 
  of  an  engine;  "the  engine  had  to  be  replaced  because  the 
  block  was  cracked"  [syn:  {engine  block},  {cylinder  block}] 
  10:  an  obstruction  in  a  pipe  or  tube;  "we  had  to  call  a  plumber 
  to  clear  out  the  blockage  in  the  drainpipe"  [syn:  {blockage}, 
  {closure},  {occlusion},  {stop},  {stoppage}] 
  11:  a  platform  from  which  an  auctioneer  sells;  "they  put  their 
  paintings  on  the  block"  [syn:  {auction  block}] 
  12:  the  act  of  blocking  someone's  path  with  your  body  (as  in 
  football);  "he  threw  a  rolling  block  into  the  line 
  backer"  [syn:  {blocking},  {interference}] 
  v  1:  render  unsuitable  for  passage;  "block  the  way";  "barricade 
  the  streets"  [syn:  {barricade},  {blockade},  {block  off}, 
  {block  up},  {bar}] 
  2:  hinder  or  prevent  the  progress  or  accomplishment  of  "His 
  brother  blocked  him  at  every  turn"  [syn:  {obstruct},  {blockade}, 
  {hinder},  {stymie},  {stymy},  {embarrass}] 
  3:  stop  from  happening  or  developing;  "Block  his  election"; 
  "Halt  the  process"  [syn:  {stop},  {halt},  {kibosh}] 
  4:  interfere  with  or  prevent  the  reception  of  signals;  "Jam  the 
  Voice  of  America";  "block  the  signals  emitted  by  this 
  station"  [syn:  {jam}] 
  5:  run  on  a  block  system;  "block  trains" 
  6:  interrupt  the  normal  function  of  by  means  of  anesthesia; 
  "block  a  nerve";  "block  a  muscle" 
  7:  shut  out  from  view;  "The  thick  curtain  blocked  the  action  on 
  the  stage" 
  8:  stamp  or  emboss  a  title  or  design  on  a  book  with  a  block; 
  "block  the  book  cover" 
  9:  obstruct,  as  of  a  passage;  "My  nose  is  all  stuffed";  "Her 
  arteries  are  blocked"  [syn:  {stuff},  {lug},  {choke  up}] 
  [ant:  {unstuff}] 
  10:  block  passage  through  "obstruct  the  path"  [syn:  {obstruct}, 
  {impede},  {occlude},  {jam},  {close  up}]  [ant:  {free}] 
  11:  support,  secure,  or  raise  with  a  block;  "block  a  plate  for 
  printing";  "block  the  wheels  of  a  car" 
  12:  impede  the  movement  of  (an  opponent  or  a  ball),  as  in  sports 
  or  fights;  "block  an  attack"  [syn:  {parry},  {deflect}] 
  13:  be  unable  to  remember;  "I'm  drawing  a  blank";  "You  are 
  blocking  the  name  of  your  first  wife!"  [syn:  {forget},  {blank 
  out},  {draw  a  blank}]  [ant:  {remember}] 
  14:  shape  by  using  a  block:  "Block  a  hat";  "block  a  garment" 
  15:  shape  into  a  block  or  blocks;  "block  the  graphs  so  one  can 
  see  the  results  clearly" 
  16:  prohibit  the  conversion  or  use  of  (assets);  "Blocked  funds"; 
  "Freeze  the  assets  of  this  hostile  government"  [syn:  {freeze}, 
  {immobilize}]  [ant:  {unblock},  {unblock}] 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  block  v.  [common;  from  process  scheduling  terminology  in  OS 
  theory]  1.  vi  To  delay  or  sit  idle  while  waiting  for  something 
  "We're  blocking  until  everyone  gets  here."  Compare  {busy-wait}.  2. 
  `block  on'  vt  To  block,  waiting  for  (something).  "Lunch  is  blocked  on 
  Phil's  arrival." 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  block 
 
  1.    A  unit  of  data  or  memory,  often  but  not 
  exclusively,  on  a  {magnetic  disk}  or  {magnetic  tape}. 
 
  Compare  {record},  {sector}. 
 
  2.    To  delay  or  sit  idle  while  waiting  for 
  something 
 
  Compare  {busy-wait}. 
 
  (2000-07-17) 
 
 




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