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borneol


borneol


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Borneol  \Bor"ne*ol\,  n.  [Borneo  +  -ol.]  (Chem.) 
  A  rare  variety  of  camphor,  {C10H17.OH},  resembling  ordinary 
  camphor,  from  which  it  can  be  produced  by  reduction.  It  is 
  said  to  occur  in  the  camphor  tree  of  Borneo  and  Sumatra 
  ({Dryobalanops  camphora}),  but  the  natural  borneol  is  rarely 
  found  in  European  or  American  commerce,  being  in  great 
  request  by  the  Chinese.  Called  also  {Borneo  camphor},  {Malay 
  camphor},  and  {camphol}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Camphor  \Cam"phor\,  n.  [OE.  camfere,  F.  camphre  (cf.  It 
  camfara,  Sp  camfara,  alcanfor  LL  camfora  camphara  NGr. 
  ?),  fr  Ar  k[=a]f[=u]r,  prob.  fr  Skr.  karp[=u]ra.] 
  1.  A  tough,  white,  aromatic  resin,  or  gum,  obtained  from 
  different  species  of  the  {Laurus}  family,  esp.  from 
  {Cinnamomum  camphara}  (the  {Laurus  camphara}  of 
  Linn[ae]us.).  Camphor,  {C10H16O},  is  volatile  and 
  fragrant,  and  is  used  in  medicine  as  a  diaphoretic,  a 
  stimulant,  or  sedative. 
 
  2.  A  gum  resembling  ordinary  camphor,  obtained  from  a  tree 
  ({Dryobalanops  camphora})  growing  in  Sumatra  and  Borneo; 
  --  called  also  {Malay  camphor},  {camphor  of  Borneo},  or 
  {borneol}.  See  {Borneol}. 
 
  Note:  The  name  camphor  is  also  applied  to  a  number  of  bodies 
  of  similar  appearance  and  properties,  as  {cedar 
  camphor},  obtained  from  the  red  or  pencil  cedar 
  ({Juniperus  Virginiana}),  and  {peppermint  camphor},  or 
  {menthol},  obtained  from  the  oil  of  peppermint. 
 
  {Camphor  oil}  (Chem.),  name  variously  given  to  certain 
  oil-like  products,  obtained  especially  from  the  camphor 
  tree. 
 
  {Camphor  tree},  a  large  evergreen  tree  ({Cinnamomum 
  Camphora})  with  lax,  smooth  branches  and  shining 
  triple-nerved  lanceolate  leaves,  probably  native  in  China, 
  but  now  cultivated  in  most  warm  countries.  Camphor  is 
  collected  by  a  process  of  steaming  the  chips  of  the  wood 
  and  subliming  the  product.