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borough

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borough


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Borough  \Bor"ough\,  n.  [OE.  burgh,  burw,  boru,  port,  town, 
  burrow,  AS  burh,  burg;  akin  to  Icel.,  Sw.,  &  Dan.  borg,  OS 
  &  D.  burg,  OHG.  puruc,  purc,  MHG.  burc,  G.  burg,  Goth. 
  ba['u]rgs;  and  from  the  root  of  AS  beorgan  to  hide,  save, 
  defend,  G.  bergen;  or  perh.  from  that  of  AS  beorg  hill, 
  mountain.  [root]95.  See  {Bury},  v.  t.,  and  cf  {Burrow}, 
  {Burg},  {Bury},  n.,  {Burgess},  {Iceberg},  {Borrow},  {Harbor}, 
  {Hauberk}.] 
  1.  In  England,  an  incorporated  town  that  is  not  a  city;  also 
  a  town  that  sends  members  to  parliament;  in  Scotland,  a 
  body  corporate,  consisting  of  the  inhabitants  of  a  certain 
  district,  erected  by  the  sovereign,  with  a  certain 
  jurisdiction;  in  America,  an  incorporated  town  or  village, 
  as  in  Pennsylvania  and  Connecticut.  --Burrill.  Erskine. 
 
  2.  The  collective  body  of  citizens  or  inhabitants  of  a 
  borough;  as  the  borough  voted  to  lay  a  tax. 
 
  {Close  borough},  or  {Pocket  borough},  a  borough  having  the 
  right  of  sending  a  member  to  Parliament,  whose  nomination 
  is  in  the  hands  of  a  single  person. 
 
  {Rotten  borough},  a  name  given  to  any  borough  which  at  the 
  time  of  the  passage  of  the  Reform  Bill  of  1832,  contained 
  but  few  voters,  yet  retained  the  privilege  of  sending  a 
  member  to  Parliament. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Borough  \Bor"ough\,  n.  [See  {Borrow}.]  (O.  Eng.  Law) 
  a  An  association  of  men  who  gave  pledges  or  sureties  to 
  the  king  for  the  good  behavior  of  each  other 
  b  The  pledge  or  surety  thus  given  --Blackstone. 
  Tomlins 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  borough 
  n  1:  one  of  the  administrative  divisions  of  a  large  city 
  2:  an  English  town  that  forms  the  constituency  of  a  member  of 
  Parliament 




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