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brake

more about brake

brake


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Brake  \Brake\  (br[=a]k), 
  imp.  of  {Break}.  [Arhaic]  --Tennyson. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Brake  \Brake\,  n.  [OE.  brake  fern;  cf  AS  bracce  fern,  LG 
  brake  willow  bush,  Da  bregne  fern,  G.  brach  fallow;  prob. 
  orig.  the  growth  on  rough,  broken  ground,  fr  the  root  of  E. 
  break.  See  {Break},  v.  t.,  cf  {Bracken},  and  2d  {Brake},  n.] 
  1.  (Bot.)  A  fern  of  the  genus  {Pteris},  esp.  the  {P. 
  aquilina},  common  in  almost  all  countries.  It  has  solitary 
  stems  dividing  into  three  principal  branches.  Less 
  properly:  Any  fern. 
 
  2.  A  thicket;  a  place  overgrown  with  shrubs  and  brambles, 
  with  undergrowth  and  ferns,  or  with  canes. 
 
  Rounds  rising  hillocks,  brakes  obscure  and  rough,  To 
  shelter  thee  from  tempest  and  from  rain.  --Shak. 
 
  He  stayed  not  for  brake,  and  he  stopped  not  for 
  stone.  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  {Cane  brake},  a  thicket  of  canes.  See  {Canebrake}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Brake  \Brake\  (br[=a]k),  n.  [OE.  brake;  cf  LG  brake  an 
  instrument  for  breaking  flax,  G.  breche,  fr  the  root  of  E. 
  break.  See  Break,  v.  t.,  and  cf  {Breach}.] 
  1.  An  instrument  or  machine  to  break  or  bruise  the  woody  part 
  of  flax  or  hemp  so  that  it  may  be  separated  from  the 
  fiber. 
 
  2.  An  extended  handle  by  means  of  which  a  number  of  men  can 
  unite  in  working  a  pump,  as  in  a  fire  engine. 
 
  3.  A  baker's  kneading  though.  --Johnson. 
 
  4.  A  sharp  bit  or  snaffle. 
 
  Pampered  jades  .  .  .  which  need  nor  break  nor  bit. 
  --Gascoigne. 
 
  5.  A  frame  for  confining  a  refractory  horse  while  the  smith 
  is  shoeing  him  also  an  inclosure  to  restrain  cattle, 
  horses,  etc 
 
  A  horse  .  .  .  which  Philip  had  bought  .  .  .  and 
  because  of  his  fierceness  kept  him  within  a  brake  of 
  iron  bars.  --J.  Brende. 
 
  6.  That  part  of  a  carriage,  as  of  a  movable  battery,  or 
  engine,  which  enables  it  to  turn. 
 
  7.  (Mil.)  An  ancient  engine  of  war  analogous  to  the  crossbow 
  and  ballista. 
 
  8.  (Agric.)  A  large  heavy  harrow  for  breaking  clods  after 
  plowing;  a  drag. 
 
  9.  A  piece  of  mechanism  for  retarding  or  stopping  motion  by 
  friction,  as  of  a  carriage  or  railway  car  by  the  pressure 
  of  rubbers  against  the  wheels,  or  of  clogs  or  ratchets 
  against  the  track  or  roadway,  or  of  a  pivoted  lever 
  against  a  wheel  or  drum  in  a  machine. 
 
  10.  (Engin.)  An  apparatus  for  testing  the  power  of  a  steam 
  engine,  or  other  motor,  by  weighing  the  amount  of 
  friction  that  the  motor  will  overcome;  a  friction  brake. 
 
  11.  A  cart  or  carriage  without  a  body,  used  in  breaking  in 
  horses. 
 
  12.  An  ancient  instrument  of  torture.  --Holinshed. 
 
  {Air  brake}.  See  {Air  brake},  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Brake  beam}  or  {Brake  bar},  the  beam  that  connects  the  brake 
  blocks  of  opposite  wheels. 
 
  {Brake  block}. 
  a  The  part  of  a  brake  holding  the  brake  shoe. 
  b  A  brake  shoe. 
 
  {Brake  shoe}  or  {Brake  rubber},  the  part  of  a  brake  against 
  which  the  wheel  rubs. 
 
  {Brake  wheel},  a  wheel  on  the  platform  or  top  of  a  car  by 
  which  brakes  are  operated. 
 
  {Continuous  brake}  .  See  under  {Continuous}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Break  \Break\,  v.  t.  [imp.  {broke},  (Obs.  {Brake});  p.  p. 
  {Broken},  (Obs.  {Broke});  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Breaking}.]  [OE. 
  breken,  AS  brecan;  akin  to  OS  brekan,  D.  breken,  OHG. 
  brehhan  G.  brechen,  Icel.  braka  to  creak,  Sw  braka, 
  br["a]kka  to  crack,  Dan.  br[ae]kke  to  break,  Goth.  brikan  to 
  break,  L.  frangere  Cf  {Bray}  to  pound,  {Breach}, 
  {Fragile}.] 
  1.  To  strain  apart;  to  sever  by  fracture;  to  divide  with 
  violence;  as  to  break  a  rope  or  chain;  to  break  a  seal; 
  to  break  an  axle;  to  break  rocks  or  coal;  to  break  a  lock. 
  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  lay  open  as  by  breaking;  to  divide;  as  to  break  a 
  package  of  goods. 
 
  3.  To  lay  open  as  a  purpose;  to  disclose,  divulge,  or 
  communicate. 
 
  Katharine  break  thy  mind  to  me  --Shak. 
 
  4.  To  infringe  or  violate,  as  an  obligation,  law,  or  promise. 
 
  Out  out  hyena!  these  are  thy  wonted  arts  .  .  .  To 
  break  all  faith,  all  vows,  deceive,  betray.  --Milton 
 
  5.  To  interrupt;  to  destroy  the  continuity  of  to  dissolve  or 
  terminate;  as  to  break  silence;  to  break  one's  sleep;  to 
  break  one's  journey. 
 
  Go  release  them  Ariel;  My  charms  I'll  break,  their 
  senses  I'll  restore.  --Shak. 
 
  6.  To  destroy  the  completeness  of  to  remove  a  part  from  as 
  to  break  a  set 
 
  7.  To  destroy  the  arrangement  of  to  throw  into  disorder;  to 
  pierce;  as  the  cavalry  were  not  able  to  break  the  British 
  squares. 
 
  8.  To  shatter  to  pieces;  to  reduce  to  fragments. 
 
  The  victim  broke  in  pieces  the  musical  instruments 
  with  which  he  had  solaced  the  hours  of  captivity. 
  --Prescott. 
 
  9.  To  exchange  for  other  money  or  currency  of  smaller 
  denomination;  as  to  break  a  five  dollar  bill. 
 
  10.  To  destroy  the  strength,  firmness,  or  consistency  of  as 
  to  break  flax. 
 
  11.  To  weaken  or  impair,  as  health,  spirit,  or  mind. 
 
  An  old  man,  broken  with  the  storms  of  state. 
  --Shak. 
 
  12.  To  diminish  the  force  of  to  lessen  the  shock  of  as  a 
  fall  or  blow. 
 
  I'll  rather  leap  down  first  and  break  your  fall. 
  --Dryden. 
 
  13.  To  impart,  as  news  or  information;  to  broach;  --  with  to 
  and  often  with  a  modified  word  implying  some  reserve;  as 
  to  break  the  news  gently  to  the  widow;  to  break  a  purpose 
  cautiously  to  a  friend. 
 
  14.  To  tame;  to  reduce  to  subjection;  to  make  tractable;  to 
  discipline;  as  to  break  a  horse  to  the  harness  or 
  saddle.  ``To  break  a  colt.''  --Spenser. 
 
  Why,  then  thou  canst  not  break  her  to  the  lute? 
  --Shak. 
 
  15.  To  destroy  the  financial  credit  of  to  make  bankrupt;  to 
  ruin. 
 
  With  arts  like  these  rich  Matho,  when  he  speaks, 
  Attracts  all  fees,  and  little  lawyers  breaks. 
  --Dryden. 
 
  16.  To  destroy  the  official  character  and  standing  of  to 
  cashier;  to  dismiss. 
 
  I  see  a  great  officer  broken.  --Swift. 
 
  Note:  With  prepositions  or  adverbs: 
 
  {To  break  down}. 
  a  To  crush;  to  overwhelm;  as  to  break  down  one's 
  strength;  to  break  down  opposition. 
  b  To  remove,  or  open  a  way  through  by  breaking;  as  to 
  break  down  a  door  or  wall. 
 
  {To  break  in}. 
  a  To  force  in  as  to  break  in  a  door. 
  b  To  train;  to  discipline;  as  a  horse  well  broken  in 
 
 
  {To  break  of},  to  rid  of  to  cause  to  abandon;  as  to  break 
  one  of  a  habit. 
 
  {To  break  off}. 
  a  To  separate  by  breaking;  as  to  break  off  a  twig. 
  b  To  stop  suddenly;  to  abandon.  ``Break  off  thy  sins  by 
  righteousness.''  --Dan.  iv  27. 
 
  {To  break  open},  to  open  by  breaking.  ``Open  the  door,  or  I 
  will  break  it  open.''  --Shak. 
 
  {To  break  out},  to  take  or  force  out  by  breaking;  as  to 
  break  out  a  pane  of  glass. 
 
  {To  break  out  a  cargo},  to  unstow  a  cargo,  so  as  to  unload  it 
  easily. 
 
  {To  break  through}. 
  a  To  make  an  opening  through  as  as  by  violence  or  the 
  force  of  gravity;  to  pass  violently  through  as  to 
  break  through  the  enemy's  lines;  to  break  through  the 
  ice. 
  b  To  disregard;  as  to  break  through  the  ceremony. 
 
  {To  break  up}. 
  a  To  separate  into  parts  to  plow  (new  or  fallow 
  ground).  ``Break  up  this  capon.''  --Shak.  ``Break  up 
  your  fallow  ground.''  --Jer.  iv  3. 
  b  To  dissolve;  to  put  an  end  to  ``Break  up  the 
  court.''  --Shak. 
 
  {To  break}  one  {all  up},  to  unsettle  or  disconcert 
  completely;  to  upset.  [Colloq.] 
 
  Note:  With  an  immediate  object: 
 
  {To  break  the  back}. 
  a  To  dislocate  the  backbone;  hence  to  disable  totally. 
  b  To  get  through  the  worst  part  of  as  to  break  the 
  back  of  a  difficult  undertaking. 
 
  {To  break  bulk},  to  destroy  the  entirety  of  a  load  by 
  removing  a  portion  of  it  to  begin  to  unload;  also  to 
  transfer  in  detail,  as  from  boats  to  cars. 
 
  {To  break  cover},  to  burst  forth  from  a  protecting 
  concealment,  as  game  when  hunted. 
 
  {To  break  a  deer}  or  {stag},  to  cut  it  up  and  apportion  the 
  parts  among  those  entitled  to  a  share. 
 
  {To  break  fast},  to  partake  of  food  after  abstinence.  See 
  {Breakfast}. 
 
  {To  break  ground}. 
  a  To  open  the  earth  as  for  planting;  to  commence 
  excavation,  as  for  building,  siege  operations,  and 
  the  like  as  to  break  ground  for  a  foundation,  a 
  canal,  or  a  railroad. 
  b  Fig.:  To  begin  to  execute  any  plan 
  c  (Naut.)  To  release  the  anchor  from  the  bottom. 
 
  {To  break  the  heart},  to  crush  or  overwhelm  one  with  grief. 
 
 
  {To  break  a  house}  (Law),  to  remove  or  set  aside  with 
  violence  and  a  felonious  intent  any  part  of  a  house  or  of 
  the  fastenings  provided  to  secure  it 
 
  {To  break  the  ice},  to  get  through  first  difficulties;  to 
  overcome  obstacles  and  make  a  beginning;  to  introduce  a 
  subject. 
 
  {To  break  jail},  to  escape  from  confinement  in  jail,  usually 
  by  forcible  means 
 
  {To  break  a  jest},  to  utter  a  jest.  ``Patroclus  .  .  .  the 
  livelong  day  breaks  scurril  jests.''  --Shak. 
 
  {To  break  joints},  to  lay  or  arrange  bricks,  shingles,  etc., 
  so  that  the  joints  in  one  course  shall  not  coincide  with 
  those  in  the  preceding  course. 
 
  {To  break  a  lance},  to  engage  in  a  tilt  or  contest. 
 
  {To  break  the  neck},  to  dislocate  the  joints  of  the  neck. 
 
  {To  break  no  squares},  to  create  no  trouble.  [Obs.] 
 
  {To  break  a  path},  {road},  etc.,  to  open  a  way  through 
  obstacles  by  force  or  labor. 
 
  {To  break  upon  a  wheel},  to  execute  or  torture,  as  a  criminal 
  by  stretching  him  upon  a  wheel,  and  breaking  his  limbs 
  with  an  iron  bar;  --  a  mode  of  punishment  formerly 
  employed  in  some  countries. 
 
  {To  break  wind},  to  give  vent  to  wind  from  the  anus. 
 
  Syn:  To  dispart;  rend;  tear;  shatter;  batter;  violate; 
  infringe;  demolish;  destroy;  burst;  dislocate. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  brake 
  n  1:  used  to  slow  or  stop  a  vehicle 
  2:  any  of  various  ferns  of  the  genus  Pteris  having  pinnately 
  compound  leaves  and  including  several  popular  houseplants 
  3:  large  coarse  fern  often  several  feet  high;  essentially  weed 
  ferns;  cosmopolitan  [syn:  {bracken},  {pasture  brake},  {Pteridium 
  aquilinum}] 
  4:  an  area  thickly  overgrown  usually  with  one  kind  of  plant 
  v  1:  stop  travelling  by  applying  a  brake;  "We  had  to  brake 
  suddenly  when  a  chicken  crossed  the  road" 
  2:  cause  to  stop  by  applying  the  brakes 




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