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brunei

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brunei


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Brunei 
  n  :  a  sultanate  in  northwestern  Borneo  [syn:  {Brunei}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Brunei 
 
  Brunei:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southeastern  Asia,  bordering  the  South  China  Sea  and 
  Malaysia 
 
  Map  references:  Southeast  Asia 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  5,770  sq  km 
  land  area:  5,270  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Delaware 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  381  km  Malysia  381  km 
 
  Coastline:  161  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm  or  to  median  line 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  may  wish  to  purchase  the  Malaysian  salient 
  that  divides  the  country;  all  of  the  Spratly  Islands  are  claimed  by 
  China,  Taiwan,  and  Vietnam;  parts  of  them  are  claimed  by  Malaysia  and 
  the  Philippines;  in  1984,  Brunei  established  an  exclusive  fishing  zone 
  that  encompasses  Louisa  Reef,  but  has  not  publicly  claimed  the  island 
 
  Climate:  tropical;  hot,  humid,  rainy 
 
  Terrain:  flat  coastal  plain  rises  to  mountains  in  east;  hilly  lowland 
  in  west 
 
  Natural  resources:  petroleum,  natural  gas,  timber 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  1% 
  permanent  crops:  1% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  1% 
  forest  and  woodland:  79% 
  other:  18% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  10  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  typhoons,  earthquakes,  and  severe  flooding  are  very 
  rare 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Endangered  Species,  Ozone  Layer 
  Protection,  Ship  Pollution;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Law  of  the  Sea 
 
  Note:  close  to  vital  sea  lanes  through  South  China  Sea  linking  Indian 
  and  Pacific  Oceans;  two  parts  physically  separated  by  Malaysia;  almost 
  an  enclave  of  Malaysia 
 
  Brunei:People 
 
  Population:  292,266  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  34%  (female  48,458;  male  50,624) 
  15-64  years:  62%  (female  85,581;  male  95,955) 
  65  years  and  over:  4%  (female  5,172;  male  6,476)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.63%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  25.83  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  5.07  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  5.49  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  24.7  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  71.24  years 
  male:  69.65  years 
  female:  72.91  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  3.41  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Bruneian(s) 
  adjective:  Bruneian 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Malay  64%,  Chinese  20%,  other  16% 
 
  Religions:  Muslim  (official)  63%,  Buddhism  14%,  Christian  8%, 
  indigenous  beliefs  and  other  15%  (1981) 
 
  Languages:  Malay  (official),  English,  Chinese 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1991) 
  total  population:  88% 
  male:  92% 
  female:  82% 
 
  Labor  force:  119,000  (1993  est.);  note  -  includes  members  of  the  Army 
  by  occupation:  government  47.5%,  production  of  oil,  natural  gas, 
  services,  and  construction  41.9%,  agriculture,  forestry,  and  fishing 
  3.8%  (1986) 
  note:  33%  of  labor  force  is  foreign  (1988) 
 
  Brunei:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Negara  Brunei  Darussalam 
  conventional  short  form:  Brunei 
 
  Digraph:  BX 
 
  Type:  constitutional  sultanate 
 
  Capital:  Bandar  Seri  Begawan 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  4  districts  (daerah-daerah,  singular  - 
  daerah);  Belait,  Brunei  and  Muara,  Temburong  Tutong 
 
  Independence:  1  January  1984  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  National  Day  23  February  (1984) 
 
  Constitution:  29  September  1959  (some  provisions  suspended  under  a 
  State  of  Emergency  since  December  1962,  others  since  independence  on  1 
  January  1984) 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  Islamic  law 
 
  Suffrage:  none 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  Sultan  and  Prime  Minister  His 
  Majesty  Paduka  Seri  Baginda  Sultan  Haji  HASSANAL  Bolkiah  Mu'izzaddin 
  Waddaulah  (since  5  October  1967) 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Cabinet  Ministers;  composed  chiefly  of  members  of 
  the  royal  family 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Legislative  Council  (Majlis  Masyuarat  Megeri):  elections  last  held  in 
  March  1962;  in  1970  the  Council  was  changed  to  an  appointive  body  by 
  decree  of  the  sultan;  an  elected  legislative  Council  is  being 
  considered  as  part  of  constitution  reform,  but  elections  are  unlikely 
  for  several  years 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Brunei  United  National  Party 
  (inactive),  Anak  HASANUDDIN  chairman;  Brunei  National  Solidarity 
  Party  (the  first  legal  political  party  and  now  banned),  leader  NA 
  Brunei  Peoples  Party  (banned),  leader  NA 
 
  Member  of:  APEC,  ASEAN,  C,  ESCAP,  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  ICAO,  IDB,  IMO, 
  INMARSAT  INTELSAT  (nonsignatory  user),  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ISO 
  (correspondent),  ITU,  NAM,  OIC,  UN  UNCTAD  UPU,  WHO  WIPO,  WMO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Haji  JAYA  bin  Abdul  Latif 
  chancery:  Watergate,  Suite  300,  3rd  floor,  2600  Virginia  Avenue  NW 
  Washington,  DC  20037 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  342-0159 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  342-0158 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Theresa  A.  TULL 
  embassy:  Third  Floor,  Teck  Guan  Plaza,  Jalan  Sultan,  Bandar  Seri 
  Begawan 
  mailing  address:  American  Embassy  Box  B,  APO  AP  96440 
  telephone:  [673]  (2)  229670 
  FAX:  [673]  (2)  225293 
 
  Flag:  yellow  with  two  diagonal  bands  of  white  (top,  almost  double 
  width)  and  black  starting  from  the  upper  hoist  side  the  national 
  emblem  in  red  is  superimposed  at  the  center;  the  emblem  includes  a 
  swallow-tailed  flag  on  top  of  a  winged  column  within  an  upturned 
  crescent  above  a  scroll  and  flanked  by  two  upraised  hands 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  economy  is  a  mixture  of  foreign  and  domestic 
  entrepreneurship  government  regulation  and  welfare  measures,  and 
  village  tradition.  It  is  almost  totally  supported  by  exports  of  crude 
  oil  and  natural  gas,  with  revenues  from  the  petroleum  sector 
  accounting  for  more  than  40%  of  GDP.  Per  capita  GDP  is  among  the 
  highest  in  the  Third  World,  and  substantial  income  from  overseas 
  investment  supplements  domestic  production.  The  government  provides 
  for  all  medical  services  and  subsidizes  food  and  housing. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $4.43  billion  (1993 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  -4%  (1993  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $16,000  (1993  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  2.5%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  5%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $1.5  billion 
  expenditures:  $1.5  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $255 
  million  (1990  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $2.2  billion  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  crude  oil,  liquefied  natural  gas,  petroleum  products 
  partners:  Japan  52%,  South  Korea  10%,  UK  9%,  Thailand  7%,  Singapore  6% 
  (1991) 
 
  Imports:  $1.2  billion  (c.i.f.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  machinery  and  transport  equipment,  manufactured  goods, 
  food,  chemicals 
  partners:  Singapore  34%,  UK  23%,  US  10%,  Japan  8%,  Malaysia  7%, 
  Switzerland  4%  (1991) 
 
  External  debt:  $0 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  12.9%  (1987);  accounts  for  41.6%  of 
  GDP  (1990),  includes  mining,  quarrying,  and  manufacturing 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  380,000  kW 
  production:  1.2  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  3,971  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  petroleum,  petroleum  refining,  liquefied  natural  gas, 
  construction 
 
  Agriculture:  imports  about  80%  of  its  food  needs  principal  crops  and 
  livestock  include  rice,  cassava,  bananas,  buffaloes,  and  pigs 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-87),  $20.6  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $153  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Bruneian  dollar  (B$)  =  100  cents 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Bruneian  dollars  (B$)  per  US$1  -  1.4524  (January 
  1995),  1.5274  (1994),  1.6158  (1993),  1.6290  (1992),  1.7276  (1991), 
  1.8125  (1990);  note  -  the  Bruneian  dollar  is  at  par  with  the  Singapore 
  dollar 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Brunei:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  13  km  private  line 
  narrow  gauge:  13  km  0.610-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  1,090  km 
  paved:  bituminous  370  km  (with  another  52  km  under  construction) 
  unpaved:  gravel  or  earth  720  km 
 
  Inland  waterways:  209  km  navigable  by  craft  drawing  less  than  1.2 
  meters 
 
  Pipelines:  crude  oil  135  km  petroleum  products  418  km  natural  gas 
  920  km 
 
  Ports:  Bandar  Seri  Begawar  Kuala  Belait,  Muara,  Seria,  Tutong 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  7  liquefied  gas  carriers  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  348,476 
  GRT/340,635  DWT 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  5 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  3 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
 
  Brunei:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  33,000  telephones  (1987);  service  throughout  country 
  is  adequate  for  present  needs  international  service  good  to  adjacent 
  Malaysia 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  INTELSAT  (NA  Indian  Ocean  and  1  Pacific  Ocean)  earth 
  stations 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  4,  FM  4,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  74,000  (1987) 
  note:  radiobroadcast  coverage  good 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  1 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Brunei:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Land  Forces,  Navy,  Air  Force,  Royal  Brunei  Police 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  81,560;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  47,403;  males  reach  military  age  (18)  annually  2,835  (1995 
  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $312  million,  6.2%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 
 
 
 




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