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buddhism

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buddhism


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Buddhism  \Bud"dhism\,  n. 
  The  religion  based  upon  the  doctrine  originally  taught  by  the 
  Hindoo  sage  Gautama  Siddartha,  surnamed  Buddha,  ``the 
  awakened  or  enlightened,''  in  the  sixth  century  b.  c.,  and 
  adopted  as  a  religion  by  the  greater  part  of  the  inhabitants 
  of  Central  and  Eastern  Asia  and  the  Indian  Islands.  Buddha's 
  teaching  is  believed  to  have  been  atheistic;  yet  it  was 
  characterized  by  elevated  humanity  and  morality.  It  presents 
  release  from  existence  (a  beatific  enfranchisement, 
  Nirv[^a]na)  as  the  greatest  good.  Buddhists  believe  in 
  transmigration  of  souls  through  all  phases  and  forms  of  life. 
  Their  number  was  estimated  in  1881  at  470,000,000. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Buddhism 
  n  1:  the  religion  venerating  Buddha  represented  by  many  groups 
  especially  in  Asia  [syn:  {Buddhism}] 
  2:  the  ethical  philosophy  of  Buddha;  emphasizes  physical  and 
  spiritual  discipline  as  a  means  of  liberation  from  the 
  physical  world  [syn:  {Buddhism}] 




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