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buffaloes

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buffaloes


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Buffalo  \Buf"fa*lo\,  n.;  pl  {Buffaloes}.  [Sp.  bufalo  (cf.  It 
  bufalo,  F.  buffle),  fr  L.  bubalus,  bufalus,  a  kind  of 
  African  stag  or  gazelle;  also  the  buffalo  or  wild  ox  fr 
  Gr  ?  buffalo,  prob.  fr  ?  ox  See  {Cow}  the  animal,  and  cf 
  {Buff}  the  color,  and  {Bubale}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  species  of  the  genus  {Bos}  or  {Bubalus}  ({B. 
  bubalus}),  originally  from  India,  but  now  found  in  most  of 
  the  warmer  countries  of  the  eastern  continent.  It  is 
  larger  and  less  docile  than  the  common  ox  and  is  fond  of 
  marshy  places  and  rivers. 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  very  large  and  savage  species  of  the  same 
  genus  ({B.  Caffer})  found  in  South  Africa;  --  called  also 
  {Cape  buffalo}. 
 
  3.  (Zo["o]l.)  Any  species  of  wild  ox 
 
  4.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  bison  of  North  America. 
 
  5.  A  buffalo  robe.  See  {Buffalo  robe},  below. 
 
  6.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  buffalo  fish.  See  {Buffalo  fish},  below. 
 
  {Buffalo  berry}  (Bot.),  a  shrub  of  the  Upper  Missouri 
  ({Sherherdia  argentea})  with  acid  edible  red  berries. 
 
  {Buffalo  bird}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  African  bird  of  the  genus 
  {Buphaga},  of  two  species.  These  birds  perch  upon 
  buffaloes  and  cattle,  in  search  of  parasites. 
 
  {Buffalo  bug},  the  carpet  beetle.  See  under  {Carpet}. 
 
  {Buffalo  chips},  dry  dung  of  the  buffalo,  or  bison,  used  for 
  fuel.  [U.S.] 
 
  {Buffalo  clover}  (Bot.),  a  kind  of  clover  ({Trifolium 
  reflexum}  and  {T.soloniferum})  found  in  the  ancient 
  grazing  grounds  of  the  American  bison. 
 
  {Buffalo  cod}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  edible,  marine  fish 
  ({Ophiodon  elongatus})  of  the  northern  Pacific  coast;  -- 
  called  also  {blue  cod},  and  {cultus  cod}. 
 
  {Buffalo  fish}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  several  large  fresh-water 
  fishes  of  the  family  {Catostomid[ae]},  of  the  Mississippi 
  valley.  The  red-mouthed  or  brown  ({Ictiobus  bubalus}),  the 
  big-mouthed  or  black  ({Bubalichthys  urus}),  and  the 
  small-mouthed  ({B.  altus}),  are  among  the  more  important 
  species  used  as  food. 
 
  {Buffalo  fly},  or  {Buffalo  gnat}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small 
  dipterous  insect  of  the  genus  {Simulium},  allied  to  the 
  black  fly  of  the  North.  It  is  often  extremely  abundant  in 
  the  lower  part  of  the  Mississippi  valley  and  does  great 
  injury  to  domestic  animals,  often  killing  large  numbers  of 
  cattle  and  horses.  In  Europe  the  Columbatz  fly  is  a 
  species  with  similar  habits. 
 
  {Buffalo  grass}  (Bot.),  a  species  of  short,  sweet  grass 
  ({Buchlo["e]  dactyloides}),  from  two  to  four  inches  high, 
  covering  the  prairies  on  which  the  buffaloes,  or  bisons, 
  feed.  [U.S.] 
 
  {Buffalo  nut}  (Bot.),  the  oily  and  drupelike  fruit  of  an 
  American  shrub  ({Pyrularia  oleifera});  also  the  shrub 
  itself  oilnut. 
 
  {Buffalo  robe},  the  skin  of  the  bison  of  North  America, 
  prepared  with  the  hair  on  --  much  used  as  a  lap  robe  in 
  sleighs. 




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