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caiaphas


caiaphas


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Caiaphas 
  the  Jewish  high  priest  (A.D.  27-36)  at  the  beginning  of  our 
  Lord's  public  ministry,  in  the  reign  of  Tiberius  (Luke  3:2),  and 
  also  at  the  time  of  his  condemnation  and  crucifixion  (Matt. 
  26:3,57;  John  11:49;  18:13,  14).  He  held  this  office  during  the 
  whole  of  Pilate's  administration.  His  wife  was  the  daughter  of 
  Annas,  who  had  formerly  been  high  priest,  and  was  probably  the 
  vicar  or  deputy  (Heb.  sagan)  of  Caiaphas.  He  was  of  the  sect  of 
  the  Sadducees  (Acts  5:17),  and  was  a  member  of  the  council  when 
  he  gave  his  opinion  that  Jesus  should  be  put  to  death  "for  the 
  people,  and  that  the  whole  nation  perish  not"  (John  11:50).  In 
  these  words  he  unconsciously  uttered  a  prophecy.  "Like  Saul,  he 
  was  a  prophet  in  spite  of  himself."  Caiaphas  had  no  power  to 
  inflict  the  punishment  of  death,  and  therefore  Jesus  was  sent  to 
  Pilate,  the  Roman  governor,  that  he  might  duly  pronounce  the 
  sentence  against  him  (Matt.  27:2;  John  18:28).  At  a  later  period 
  his  hostility  to  the  gospel  is  still  manifest  (Acts  4:6).  (See  {ANNAS}.)