browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
carbon

more about carbon

carbon


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Carbon  \Car"bon\,  n.  (Elec.) 
  A  carbon  rod  or  pencil  used  in  an  arc  lamp;  also  a  plate  or 
  piece  of  carbon  used  as  one  of  the  elements  of  a  voltaic 
  battery. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Carbon  \Car"bon\  (k[aum]r"b[o^]n),  n.  [F.  carbone,  fr  L.  carbo 
  coal;  cf  Skr.  [,c]r[=a]  to  cook.]  (Chem.) 
  An  elementary  substance,  not  metallic  in  its  nature,  which  is 
  present  in  all  organic  compounds.  Atomic  weight  11.97.  Symbol 
  C.  it  is  combustible,  and  forms  the  base  of  lampblack  and 
  charcoal,  and  enters  largely  into  mineral  coals.  In  its  pure 
  crystallized  state  it  constitutes  the  diamond,  the  hardest  of 
  known  substances,  occuring  in  monometric  crystals  like  the 
  octahedron,  etc  Another  modification  is  graphite,  or 
  blacklead,  and  in  this  it  is  soft,  and  occurs  in  hexagonal 
  prisms  or  tables.  When  united  with  oxygen  it  forms  carbon 
  dioxide,  commonly  called  carbonic  acid,  or  carbonic  oxide, 
  according  to  the  proportions  of  the  oxygen;  when  united  with 
  hydrogen,  it  forms  various  compounds  called  hydrocarbons. 
  Compare  {Diamond},  and  {Graphite}. 
 
  {Carbon  compounds},  {Compounds  of  carbon}  (Chem.),  those 
  compounds  consisting  largely  of  carbon,  commonly  produced 
  by  animals  and  plants,  and  hence  called  organic  compounds, 
  though  their  synthesis  may  be  effected  in  many  cases  in 
  the  laboratory. 
 
  The  formation  of  the  compounds  of  carbon  is  not 
  dependent  upon  the  life  process.  --I.  Remsen 
 
 
  {Carbon  dioxide},  {Carbon  monoxide}.  (Chem.)  See  under 
  {Carbonic}. 
 
  {Carbon  light}  (Elec.),  an  extremely  brilliant  electric  light 
  produced  by  passing  a  galvanic  current  through  two  carbon 
  points  kept  constantly  with  their  apexes  neary  in  contact 
 
 
  {Carbon  point}  (Elec.),  a  small  cylinder  or  bit  of  gas  carbon 
  moved  forward  by  clockwork  so  that  as  it  is  burned  away 
  by  the  electric  current,  it  shall  constantly  maintain  its 
  proper  relation  to  the  opposing  point. 
 
  {Carbon  tissue},  paper  coated  with  gelatine  and  pigment,  used 
  in  the  autotype  process  of  photography.  --Abney. 
 
  {Gas  carbon},  a  compact  variety  of  carbon  obtained  as  an 
  incrustation  on  the  interior  of  gas  retorts,  and  used  for 
  the  manufacture  of  the  carbon  rods  of  pencils  for  the 
  voltaic,  arc,  and  for  the  plates  of  voltaic  batteries, 
  etc 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  carbon 
  n  1:  an  abundant  nonmetallic  tetravalent  element  occurring  in 
  three  allotropic  forms:  amorphous  carbon  and  graphite 
  and  diamond;  occurs  in  all  organic  compounds  [syn:  {C}, 
  {atomic  number  6}] 
  2:  a  thin  paper  coated  on  one  side  with  a  dark  waxy  substance 
  (often  containing  carbon);  used  to  transfer  characters 
  from  the  original  to  an  under  sheet  of  paper  [syn:  {carbon 
  paper}] 
  3:  a  copy  made  with  carbon  paper  [syn:  {carbon  copy}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Carbon,  IA  (city,  FIPS  10585) 
  Location:  41.04926  N,  94.82351  W 
  Population  (1990):  60  (36  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.8  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Carbon,  IN  (town,  FIPS  10198) 
  Location:  39.59893  N,  87.10750  W 
  Population  (1990):  350  (147  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.4  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  47837 
  Carbon,  TX  (town,  FIPS  12736) 
  Location:  32.26858  N,  98.82671  W 
  Population  (1990):  255  (150  housing  units) 
  Area:  2.6  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  76435 
  Carbon,  WV 
  Zip  code(s):  25122 
 
  From  Elements  database  20001107  [elements]: 
 
  carbon 
  Symbol:  C 
  Atomic  number:  6 
  Atomic  weight:  12.01115 
  Carbon  is  a  member  of  group  14  of  the  periodic  table.  It  has  three 
  allotropic  forms  of  it  diamonds,  graphite  and  fullerite  Carbon-14 
  is  commonly  used  in  radioactive  dating.  Carbon  occurs  in  all  organic  life 
  and  is  the  basis  of  organic  chemistry.  Carbon  has  the  interesting  chemical 
  property  of  being  able  to  bond  with  itself  and  a  wide  variety  of  other 
  elements. 
 
 




more about carbon