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  1  definition  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  or  Chaldeans  the  inhabitants  of  the  country  of  which  Babylon 
  was  the  capital.  They  were  so  called  till  the  time  of  the 
  Captivity  (2  Kings  25;  Isa.  13:19;  23:13),  when  particularly  in 
  the  Book  of  Daniel  (5:30;  9:1),  the  name  began  to  be  used  with 
  special  reference  to  a  class  of  learned  men  ranked  with  the 
  magicians  and  astronomers.  These  men  cultivated  the  ancient 
  Cushite  language  of  the  original  inhabitants  of  the  land,  for 
  they  had  a  learning"  and  a  tongue"  (1:4)  of  their  own  The 
  common  language  of  the  country  at  that  time  had  become 
  assimilated  to  the  Semitic  dialect,  especially  through  the 
  influence  of  the  Assyrians,  and  was  the  language  that  was  used 
  for  all  civil  purposes.  The  Chaldeans  were  the  learned  class, 
  interesting  themselves  in  science  and  religion,  which  consisted, 
  like  that  of  the  ancient  Arabians  and  Syrians,  in  the  worship  of 
  the  heavenly  bodies.  There  are  representations  of  this  priestly 
  class,  of  magi  and  diviners,  on  the  walls  of  the  Assyrian