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charter

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charter


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Charter  \Char"ter\,  n.  [OF.  chartre,  F.  chartre,  charte,  fr  L. 
  chartula  a  little  paper,  dim.  of  charta.  See  {Chart}, 
  {Card}.] 
  1.  A  written  evidence  in  due  form  of  things  done  or  granted, 
  contracts  made  etc.,  between  man  and  man;  a  deed,  or 
  conveyance.  [Archaic] 
 
  2.  An  instrument  in  writing,  from  the  sovereign  power  of  a 
  state  or  country,  executed  in  due  form  bestowing  rights, 
  franchises,  or  privileges. 
 
  The  king  [John,  a.d.  1215],  with  a  facility  somewhat 
  suspicious,  signed  and  sealed  the  charter  which  was 
  required  of  him  This  famous  deed,  commonly  called 
  the  ``Great  Charter,''  either  granted  or  secured 
  very  important  liberties  and  privileges  to  every 
  order  of  men  in  the  kingdom.  --Hume. 
 
  3.  An  act  of  a  legislative  body  creating  a  municipal  or  other 
  corporation  and  defining  its  powers  and  privileges.  Also 
  an  instrument  in  writing  from  the  constituted  authorities 
  of  an  order  or  society  (as  the  Freemasons),  creating  a 
  lodge  and  defining  its  powers. 
 
  4.  A  special  privilege,  immunity,  or  exemption. 
 
  My  mother,  Who  has  a  charter  to  extol  her  blood, 
  When  she  does  praise  me  grieves  me  --Shak. 
 
  5.  (Com.)  The  letting  or  hiring  a  vessel  by  special  contract, 
  or  the  contract  or  instrument  whereby  a  vessel  is  hired  or 
  let  as  a  ship  is  offered  for  sale  or  charter.  See 
  {Charter  party},  below. 
 
  {Charter  land}  (O.  Eng.  Law),  land  held  by  charter,  or  in 
  socage;  bookland. 
 
  {Charter  member},  one  of  the  original  members  of  a  society  or 
  corporation,  esp.  one  named  in  a  charter,  or  taking  part 
  in  the  first  proceedings  under  it 
 
  {Charter  party}  [F.  chartre  partie,  or  charte  partie,  a 
  divided  charter;  from  the  practice  of  cutting  the 
  instrument  of  contract  in  two  and  giving  one  part  to  each 
  of  the  contractors]  (Com.),  a  mercantile  lease  of  a 
  vessel;  a  specific  contract  by  which  the  owners  of  a 
  vessel  let  the  entire  vessel,  or  some  principal  part  of 
  the  vessel,  to  another  person,  to  be  used  by  the  latter  in 
  transportation  for  his  own  account,  either  under  their 
  charge  or  his 
 
  {People's  Charter}  (Eng.  Hist.),  the  document  which  embodied 
  the  demands  made  by  the  Chartists,  so  called  upon  the 
  English  government  in  1838. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Charter  \Char"ter\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Chartered};  p.  pr  & 
  vb  n.  {Chartering}.] 
  1.  To  establish  by  charter. 
 
  2.  To  hire  or  let  by  charter,  as  a  ship.  See  {Charter  party}, 
  under  {Charter},  n. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  charter 
  n  1:  a  document  incorporating  an  institution  and  specifying  its 
  rights;  includes  the  articles  of  incorporation  and  the 
  certificate  of  incorporation 
  2:  a  contract  to  hire  or  lease  transportation 
  v  1:  hold  under  a  lease  or  rental  agreement;  of  goods  and 
  services  [syn:  {rent},  {hire},  {lease}] 
  2:  grant  a  charter  to 
  3:  engage  in  a  commercial  transaction;  "We  took  an  apartment  on 
  a  quiet  street";  "Let's  rent  a  car";  "Shall  we  take  a 
  guide  in  Rome?"  [syn:  {lease},  {rent},  {hire},  {engage},  {take}] 




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