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cherub

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cherub


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cherub  \Cher"ub\,  n.;  pl  {Cherubs};  but  the  Hebrew  plural 
  {Cherubim}is  also  used  [Heb.  ker[=u]b.] 
  1.  A  mysterious  composite  being  the  winged  footstool  and 
  chariot  of  the  Almighty,  described  in  --Ezekiel  i.  and  x. 
 
  I  knew  that  they  were  the  cherubim.  --Ezek.  x.  20. 
 
  He  rode  upon  a  cherub  and  did  fly.  --Ps.  xviii. 
  10. 
 
  2.  A  symbolical  winged  figure  of  unknown  form  used  in 
  connection  with  the  mercy  seat  of  the  Jewish  Ark  and 
  Temple.  --Ez.  xxv.  18. 
 
  3.  One  of  a  order  of  angels,  variously  represented  in  art.  In 
  European  painting  the  cherubim  have  been  shown  as  blue,  to 
  denote  knowledge,  as  distinguished  from  the  seraphim  (see 
  {Seraph}),  and  in  later  art  the  children's  heads  with 
  wings  are  generally  called  cherubs. 
 
  4.  A  beautiful  child;  --  so  called  because  artists  have 
  represented  cherubs  as  beautiful  children. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cherub 
  n  1:  a  sweet  innocent  baby 
  2:  an  angel  of  the  second  order  whose  gift  is  knowledge; 
  usually  portrayed  as  a  winged  child 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cherub 
  plural  cherubim,  the  name  of  certain  symbolical  figures 
  frequently  mentioned  in  Scripture.  They  are  first  mentioned  in 
  connection  with  the  expulsion  of  our  first  parents  from  Eden 
  (Gen.  3:24).  There  is  no  intimation  given  of  their  shape  or 
  form  They  are  next  mentioned  when  Moses  was  commanded  to 
  provide  furniture  for  the  tabernacle  (Ex.  25:17-20;  26:1,  31). 
  God  promised  to  commune  with  Moses  "from  between  the  cherubim" 
  (25:22).  This  expression  was  afterwards  used  to  denote  the 
  Divine  abode  and  presence  (Num.  7:89;  1  Sam.  4:4;  Isa.  37:16; 
  Ps  80:1;  99:1).  In  Ezekiel's  vision  (10:1-20)  they  appear  as 
  living  creatures  supporting  the  throne  of  God.  From  Ezekiel's 
  description  of  them  (1;10;  41:18,  19),  they  appear  to  have  been 
  compound  figures,  unlike  any  real  object  in  nature;  artificial 
  images  possessing  the  features  and  properties  of  several 
  animals.  Two  cherubim  were  placed  on  the  mercy-seat  of  the  ark; 
  two  of  colossal  size  overshadowed  it  in  Solomon's  temple. 
  Ezekiel  (1:4-14)  speaks  of  four  and  this  number  of  "living 
  creatures"  is  mentioned  in  Rev.  4:6.  Those  on  the  ark  are  called 
  the  "cherubim  of  glory"  (Heb.  9:5),  i.e.,  of  the  Shechinah,  or 
  cloud  of  glory,  for  on  them  the  visible  glory  of  God  rested. 
  They  were  placed  one  at  each  end  of  the  mercy-seat,  with  wings 
  stretched  upward,  and  their  faces  "toward  each  other  and  toward 
  the  mercy-seat."  They  were  anointed  with  holy  oil,  like  the  ark 
  itself  and  the  other  sacred  furniture. 
 
  The  cherubim  were  symbolical.  They  were  intended  to  represent 
  spiritual  existences  in  immediate  contact  with  Jehovah.  Some 
  have  regarded  them  as  symbolical  of  the  chief  ruling  power  by 
  which  God  carries  on  his  operations  in  providence  (Ps.  18:10). 
  Others  interpret  them  as  having  reference  to  the  redemption  of 
  men,  and  as  symbolizing  the  great  rulers  or  ministers  of  the 
  church.  Many  other  opinions  have  been  held  regarding  them  which 
  need  not  be  referred  to  here  On  the  whole,  it  seems  to  be  most 
  satisfactory  to  regard  the  interpretation  of  the  symbol  to  be 
  variable,  as  is  the  symbol  itself 
 
  Their  office  was  (1)  on  the  expulsion  of  our  first  parents 
  from  Eden,  to  prevent  all  access  to  the  tree  of  life;  and  (2)  to 
  form  the  throne  and  chariot  of  Jehovah  in  his  manifestation  of 
  himself  on  earth.  He  dwelleth  between  and  sitteth  on  the 
  cherubim  (1  Sam.  4:4;  Ps  80:1;  Ezek.  1:26,  28). 
 




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