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civil


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Civil  \Civ"il\,  a.  [L.  civilis,  fr  civis  citizen:  cf  F.  civil. 
  See  {City}.] 
  1.  Pertaining  to  a  city  or  state,  or  to  a  citizen  in  his 
  relations  to  his  fellow  citizens  or  to  the  state;  within 
  the  city  or  state. 
 
  2.  Subject  to  government;  reduced  to  order  civilized;  not 
  barbarous;  --  said  of  the  community. 
 
  England  was  very  rude  and  barbarous;  for  it  is  but 
  even  the  other  day  since  England  grew  civil. 
  --Spenser. 
 
  3.  Performing  the  duties  of  a  citizen;  obedient  to 
  government;  --  said  of  an  individual. 
 
  Civil  men  come  nearer  the  saints  of  God  than  others 
  they  come  within  a  step  or  two  of  heaven.  --Preston 
 
  4.  Having  the  manners  of  one  dwelling  in  a  city,  as  opposed 
  to  those  of  savages  or  rustics;  polite;  courteous; 
  complaisant;  affable. 
 
  Note:  ``A  civil  man  now  is  one  observant  of  slight  external 
  courtesies  in  the  mutual  intercourse  between  man  and 
  man;  a  civil  man  once  was  one  who  fulfilled  all  the 
  duties  and  obligations  flowing  from  his  position  as  a 
  'civis'  and  his  relations  to  the  other  members  of  that 
  'civitas.'''  --Trench 
 
  5.  Pertaining  to  civic  life  and  affairs,  in  distinction  from 
  military,  ecclesiastical,  or  official  state. 
 
  6.  Relating  to  rights  and  remedies  sought  by  action  or  suit 
  distinct  from  criminal  proceedings. 
 
  {Civil  action},  an  action  to  enforce  the  rights  or  redress 
  the  wrongs  of  an  individual,  not  involving  a  criminal 
  proceeding. 
 
  {Civil  architecture},  the  architecture  which  is  employed  in 
  constructing  buildings  for  the  purposes  of  civil  life,  in 
  distinction  from  military  and  naval  architecture,  as 
  private  houses,  palaces,  churches,  etc 
 
  {Civil  death}.  (Law.)  See  under  {Death}. 
 
  {Civil  engineering}.  See  under  {Engineering}. 
 
  {Civil  law}.  See  under  {Law}. 
 
  {Civil  list}.  See  under  {List}. 
 
  {Civil  remedy}  (Law),  that  given  to  a  person  injured,  by 
  action  as  opposed  to  a  criminal  prosecution. 
 
  {Civil  service},  all  service  rendered  to  and  paid  for  by  the 
  state  or  nation  other  than  that  pertaining  to  naval  or 
  military  affairs. 
 
  {Civil  service  reform},  the  substitution  of  business 
  principles  and  methods  for  the  spoils  system  in  the 
  conduct  of  the  civil  service,  esp.  in  the  matter  of 
  appointments  to  office. 
 
  {Civil  state},  the  whole  body  of  the  laity  or  citizens  not 
  included  under  the  military,  maritime,  and  ecclesiastical 
  states. 
 
  {Civil  suit}.  Same  as  {Civil  action}. 
 
  {Civil  war}.  See  under  {War}. 
 
  {Civil  year}.  See  under  {Year}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  civil 
  adj  1:  applying  to  ordinary  citizens;  "civil  law";  "civil 
  authorities" 
  2:  not  rude;  marked  by  satisfactory  (or  especially  minimal) 
  adherence  to  social  usages  and  sufficient  but  not 
  noteworthy  consideration  for  others  "even  if  he  didn't 
  like  them  he  should  have  been  civil"-  W.S.  Maugham  [syn:  {polite}] 
  [ant:  {uncivil}] 
  3:  of  or  occurring  within  the  state  or  between  or  among 
  citizens  of  the  state;  "civil  affairs";  "civil  strife"; 
  "civil  disobediece";  "civil  branches  of  government" 
  4:  of  or  relating  to  or  befitting  citizens  as  individuals; 
  "civil  rights";  "civil  liberty";  "civic  duties";  "civic 
  pride"  [syn:  {civic}] 
  5:  (of  divisions  of  time)  legally  recognized  in  ordinary 
  affairs  of  life;  "the  civil  calendar";  "a  civil  day  begins 
  at  mean  midnight"  [ant:  {sidereal}] 
  6:  of  or  in  a  condition  of  social  order  "civil  peoples" 




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