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cloud

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cloud


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cloud  \Cloud\  (kloud),  n.  [Prob.  fr  AS  cl[=u]d  a  rock  or 
  hillock,  the  application  arising  from  the  frequent 
  resemblance  of  clouds  to  rocks  or  hillocks  in  the  sky  or 
  air.] 
  1.  A  collection  of  visible  vapor,  or  watery  particles, 
  suspended  in  the  upper  atmosphere. 
 
  I  do  set  my  bow  in  the  cloud.  --Gen.  ix  13. 
 
  Note:  A  classification  of  clouds  according  to  their  chief 
  forms  was  first  proposed  by  the  meteorologist  Howard, 
  and  this  is  still  substantially  employed.  The  following 
  varieties  and  subvarieties  are  recognized: 
  a  {Cirrus}.  This  is  the  most  elevated  of  all  the  forms 
  of  clouds;  is  thin,  long-drawn,  sometimes  looking  like 
  carded  wool  or  hair,  sometimes  like  a  brush  or  room 
  sometimes  in  curl-like  or  fleecelike  patches.  It  is 
  the  cat's-tail  of  the  sailor,  and  the  mare's-tail  of 
  the  landsman. 
  b  {Cumulus}.  This  form  appears  in  large  masses  of  a 
  hemispherical  form  or  nearly  so  above,  but  flat 
  below,  one  often  piled  above  another,  forming  great 
  clouds,  common  in  the  summer,  and  presenting  the 
  appearance  of  gigantic  mountains  crowned  with  snow.  It 
  often  affords  rain  and  thunder  gusts. 
  c  {Stratus}.  This  form  appears  in  layers  or  bands 
  extending  horizontally. 
  d  {Nimbus}.  This  form  is  characterized  by  its  uniform 
  gray  tint  and  ragged  edges;  it  covers  the  sky  in 
  seasons  of  continued  rain,  as  in  easterly  storms,  and 
  is  the  proper  rain  cloud.  The  name  is  sometimes  used 
  to  denote  a  raining  cumulus,  or  cumulostratus. 
  e  {Cirro-cumulus}.  This  form  consists,  like  the  cirrus, 
  of  thin,  broken,  fleecelice  clouds,  but  the  parts  are 
  more  or  less  rounded  and  regulary  grouped.  It  is 
  popularly  called  mackerel  sky. 
  f  {Cirro-stratus}.  In  this  form  the  patches  of  cirrus 
  coalesce  in  long  strata,  between  cirrus  and  stratus. 
  g  {Cumulo-stratus}.  A  form  between  cumulus  and  stratus, 
  often  assuming  at  the  horizon  a  black  or  bluish  tint. 
  --  {Fog},  cloud,  motionless,  or  nearly  so  lying  near 
  or  in  contact  with  the  earth's  surface.  --  {Storm 
  scud},  cloud  lying  quite  low  without  form  and  driven 
  rapidly  with  the  wind. 
 
  2.  A  mass  or  volume  of  smoke,  or  flying  dust,  resembling 
  vapor.  ``A  thick  cloud  of  incense.''  --Ezek.  viii.  11. 
 
  3.  A  dark  vein  or  spot  on  a  lighter  material,  as  in  marble; 
  hence  a  blemish  or  defect;  as  a  cloud  upon  one's 
  reputation;  a  cloud  on  a  title. 
 
  4.  That  which  has  a  dark,  lowering,  or  threatening  aspect; 
  that  which  temporarily  overshadows,  obscures,  or 
  depresses;  as  a  cloud  of  sorrow;  a  cloud  of  war;  a  cloud 
  upon  the  intellect. 
 
  5.  A  great  crowd  or  multitude;  a  vast  collection.  ``So  great 
  a  cloud  of  witnesses.''  --Heb.  xii.  1. 
 
  6.  A  large  loosely-knitted  scarf,  worn  by  women  about  the 
  head. 
 
  {Cloud  on  a}  (or  the)  {title}  (Law),  a  defect  of  title, 
  usually  superficial  and  capable  of  removal  by  release, 
  decision  in  equity,  or  legislation. 
 
  {To  be  under  a  cloud},  to  be  under  suspicion  or  in  disgrace; 
  to  be  in  disfavor. 
 
  {In  the  clouds},  in  the  realm  of  facy  and  imagination;  beyond 
  reason;  visionary. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cloud  \Cloud\,  v.  i. 
  To  grow  cloudy;  to  become  obscure  with  clouds;  --  often  used 
  with  up 
 
  Worthies,  away!  The  scene  begins  to  cloud.  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cloud  \Cloud\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Clouded};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Clouding}.] 
  1.  To  overspread  or  hide  with  a  cloud  or  clouds;  as  the  sky 
  is  clouded. 
 
  2.  To  darken  or  obscure,  as  if  by  hiding  or  enveloping  with  a 
  cloud;  hence  to  render  gloomy  or  sullen. 
 
  One  day  too  late,  I  fear  me  noble  lord,  Hath 
  clouded  all  thy  happy  days  on  earth.  --Shak. 
 
  Be  not  disheartened,  then,  nor  cloud  those  looks 
  --Milton. 
 
  Nothing  clouds  men's  minds  and  impairs  their  honesty 
  like  prejudice.  --M.  Arnold. 
 
  3.  To  blacken;  to  sully;  to  stain;  to  tarnish;  to  damage;  -- 
  esp.  used  of  reputation  or  character. 
 
  I  would  not  be  a  stander-by  to  hear  My  sovereign 
  mistress  clouded  so  without  My  present  vengeance 
  taken  --Shak. 
 
  4.  To  mark  with  or  darken  in  veins  or  sports;  to  variegate 
  with  colors;  as  to  cloud  yarn. 
 
  And  the  nice  conduct  of  a  clouded  cane.  --Pope. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cloud 
  n  1:  any  collection  of  particles  (e.g.,  smoke  or  dust)  or  gases 
  that  is  visible 
  2:  a  visible  mass  of  water  or  ice  particles  suspended  at  a 
  considerable  altitude 
  3:  out  of  touch  with  reality;  "his  head  was  in  the  clouds" 
  4:  suspicion  affecting  your  reputation;  "after  that  mistake  he 
  was  under  a  cloud" 
  v  1:  make  overcast  or  cloudy  [syn:  {overcast}]  [ant:  {clear  up}] 
  2:  make  less  visible  or  unclear;  "The  stars  are  obscured  by  the 
  clouds"  [syn:  {obscure},  {befog},  {becloud},  {haze  over}, 
  {fog},  {mist}] 
  3:  billow  up  in  the  form  of  a  cloud:  "The  smoke  clouded  above 
  the  houses" 
  4:  make  gloomy  or  depressed;  "Their  faces  were  clouded  with 
  sadness" 
  5:  place  under  suspicion  or  cast  doubt  upon  "sully  someone's 
  reputation"  [syn:  {defile},  {sully},  {corrupt},  {taint}] 
  6:  colour  with  streaks  or  blotches  of  different  shades  [syn:  {mottle}, 
  {dapple}] 
  7:  make  milky  or  dull;  "The  chemical  clouded  the  liquid  to 
  which  it  was  added" 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cloud 
  The  Hebrew  so  rendered  means  "a  covering,"  because  clouds  cover 
  the  sky.  The  word  is  used  as  a  symbol  of  the  Divine  presence,  as 
  indicating  the  splendour  of  that  glory  which  it  conceals  (Ex. 
  16:10;  33:9;  Num.  11:25;  12:5;  Job  22:14;  Ps  18:11).  A  "cloud 
  without  rain"  is  a  proverbial  saying,  denoting  a  man  who  does 
  not  keep  his  promise  (Prov.  16:15;  Isa.  18:4;  25:5;  Jude  1:12). 
  A  cloud  is  the  figure  of  that  which  is  transitory  (Job  30:15; 
  Hos.  6:4).  A  bright  cloud  is  the  symbolical  seat  of  the  Divine 
  presence  (Ex.29:42,  43;  1  Kings  8:10;  2  Chr.  5:14;  Ezek.  43:4), 
  and  was  called  the  Shechinah  (q.v.).  Jehovah  came  down  upon 
  Sinai  in  a  cloud  (Ex.  19:9);  and  the  cloud  filled  the  court 
  around  the  tabernacle  in  the  wilderness  so  that  Moses  could  not 
  enter  it  (Ex.  40:34,  35).  At  the  dedication  of  the  temple  also 
  the  cloud  "filled  the  house  of  the  Lord"  (1  Kings  8:10).  Thus  in 
  like  manner  when  Christ  comes  the  second  time  he  is  described  as 
  coming  "in  the  clouds"  (Matt.  17:5;  24:30;  Acts  1:9,  11).  False 
  teachers  are  likened  unto  clouds  carried  about  with  a  tempest  (2 
  Pet.  2:17).  The  infirmities  of  old  age,  which  come  one  after 
  another,  are  compared  by  Solomon  to  "clouds  returning  after  the 
  rain"  (Eccl.  12:2).  The  blotting  out  of  sins  is  like  the  sudden 
  disappearance  of  threatening  clouds  from  the  sky  (Isa.  44:22). 
 
  Cloud,  the  pillar  of  was  the  glory-cloud  which  indicated 
  God's  presence  leading  the  ransomed  people  through  the 
  wilderness  (Ex.  13:22;  33:9,  10).  This  pillar  preceded  the 
  people  as  they  marched,  resting  on  the  ark  (Ex.  13:21;  40:36). 
  By  night  it  became  a  pillar  of  fire  (Num.  9:17-23). 
 




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