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commutation

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commutation


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Commutation  \Com`mu*ta"tion\,  n.  [L.  commutatio:  cf  F. 
  commutation.] 
  1.  A  passing  from  one  state  to  another;  change;  alteration; 
  mutation.  [R.] 
 
  So  great  is  the  commutation  that  the  soul  then  hated 
  only  that  which  now  only  it  loves.  --South. 
 
  2.  The  act  of  giving  one  thing  for  another;  barter;  exchange. 
  [Obs.] 
 
  The  use  of  money  is  .  .  .  that  of  saving  the 
  commutation  of  more  bulky  commodities.  --Arbuthnot. 
 
  3.  (Law)  The  change  of  a  penalty  or  punishment  by  the 
  pardoning  power  of  the  State;  as  the  commutation  of  a 
  sentence  of  death  to  banishment  or  imprisonment. 
 
  Suits  are  allowable  in  the  spiritual  courts  for 
  money  agreed  to  be  given  as  a  commutation  for 
  penance.  --Blackstone. 
 
  4.  A  substitution,  as  of  a  less  thing  for  a  greater,  esp.  a 
  substitution  of  one  form  of  payment  for  another,  or  one 
  payment  for  many  or  a  specific  sum  of  money  for 
  conditional  payments  or  allowances;  as  commutation  of 
  tithes;  commutation  of  fares;  commutation  of  copyright; 
  commutation  of  rations. 
 
  {Angle  of  commutation}  (Astron.),  the  difference  of  the 
  geocentric  longitudes  of  the  sun  and  a  planet. 
 
  {Commutation  of  tithes},  the  substitution  of  a  regular 
  payment,  chargeable  to  the  land,  for  the  annual  tithes  in 
  kind 
 
  {Commutation  ticket},  a  ticket,  as  for  transportation,  which 
  is  the  evidence  of  a  contract  for  service  at  a  reduced 
  rate.  See  2d  {Commute},  2. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  commutation 
  n  1:  the  travel  of  a  commuter  [syn:  {commuting}] 
  2:  a  warrant  substituting  a  lesser  punishment  for  a  greater  one 
  3:  the  reduction  is  severity  of  a  punishment  imposed  by  law 
  [syn:  {re-sentencing}] 
  4:  the  substitution  of  one  method  of  payment  for  another 




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