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comoros

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comoros


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Comoros 
  n  :  a  country  on  the  Comoro  Islands  [syn:  {Comoros}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Comoros 
 
  Comoros:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southern  Africa,  group  of  islands  in  the  Mozambique  Channel, 
  about  two-thirds  of  the  way  between  northern  Madagascar  and  northern 
  Mozambique 
 
  Map  references:  Africa 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  2,170  sq  km 
  land  area:  2,170  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  12  times  the  size  of  Washington, 
  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  340  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  claims  French-administered  Mayotte 
 
  Climate:  tropical  marine;  rainy  season  (November  to  May) 
 
  Terrain:  volcanic  islands,  interiors  vary  from  steep  mountains  to  low 
  hills 
 
  Natural  resources:  negligible 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  35% 
  permanent  crops:  8% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  7% 
  forest  and  woodland:  16% 
  other:  34% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  soil  degradation  and  erosion  results  from  crop 
  cultivation  on  slopes  without  proper  terracing;  deforestation 
  natural  hazards:  cyclones  and  tsunamis  possible  during  rainy  season 
  (December  to  April);  Mount  Kartala  on  Grand  Comore  is  an  active 
  volcano 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Ozone  Layer 
  Protection;  signed,  but  not  ratified  -  Desertification 
 
  Note:  important  location  at  northern  end  of  Mozambique  Channel 
 
  Comoros:People 
 
  Population:  549,338  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  48%  (female  131,334;  male  132,327) 
  15-64  years:  49%  (female  137,083;  male  133,629) 
  65  years  and  over:  3%  (female  7,860;  male  7,105)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  3.56%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  46.22  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  10.6  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  77.3  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  58.27  years 
  male:  56.04  years 
  female:  60.57  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  6.73  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Comoran(s) 
  adjective:  Comoran 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Antalote  Cafre,  Makoa,  Oimatsaha  Sakalava 
 
  Religions:  Sunni  Muslim  86%,  Roman  Catholic  14% 
 
  Languages:  Arabic  (official),  French  (official),  Comoran  (a  blend  of 
  Swahili  and  Arabic) 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1980) 
  total  population:  48% 
  male:  56% 
  female:  40% 
 
  Labor  force:  140,000  (1982) 
  by  occupation:  agriculture  80%,  government  3% 
 
  Comoros:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Federal  Islamic  Republic  of  the  Comoros 
  conventional  short  form:  Comoros 
  local  long  form:  Republique  Federale  Islamique  des  Comores 
  local  short  form:  Comores 
 
  Digraph:  CN 
 
  Type:  independent  republic 
 
  Capital:  Moroni 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  three  islands;  Grand  Comore  (Njazidja), 
  Anjouan  (Nzwani),  and  Moheli  (Mwali) 
  note:  there  are  also  four  municipalities  named  Domoni,  Fomboni 
  Moroni,  and  Mutsamudu 
 
  Independence:  6  July  1975  (from  France) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  6  July  (1975) 
 
  Constitution:  7  June  1992 
 
  Legal  system:  French  and  Muslim  law  in  a  new  consolidated  code 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  Said  Mohamed  DJOHAR  (since  11  March  1990); 
  election  last  held  11  March  1990  (next  to  be  held  March  1996);  results 
  -  Said  Mohamed  DJOHAR  UDZIMA  55%,  Mohamed  TAKI  Abdulkarim  (UNDC)  45% 
 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Halifa  HOUMADI  (since  13  October 
  1994);  note  -  HOUMADI  is  the  fifteenth  prime  minister  appointed  by 
  President  DJOHAR  in  the  last  three  years 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  by  the  president 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Federal  Assembly  (Assemblee  Federale):  elections  last  held  12-20 
  December  1993  (next  to  be  held  by  NA  January  1998);  results  -  percent 
  of  vote  by  party  NA  seats  -  (42  total)  Ruling  Coalition:  RDR  15,  UNDC 
  5,  MWANGAZA  2;  Opposition:  UDZIMA  8,  other  smaller  parties  10;  2  seats 
  remained  unfilled 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  (Cour  Supreme) 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  over  20  political  parties  are  currently 
  active,  the  most  important  of  which  are  Comoran  Union  for  Progress 
  (UDZIMA),  Omar  TAMOU;  Islands'  Fraternity  and  Unity  Party  (CHUMA), 
  Said  Ali  KEMAL;  Comoran  Party  for  Democracy  and  Progress  (PCDP),  Ali 
  MROUDJAE  Realizing  Freedom's  Capability  (UWEZO),  Mouazair  ABDALLAH 
  Democratic  Front  of  the  Comoros  (FDR),  Moustapha  CHELKH  Dialogue 
  Proposition  Action  (DPA/MWANGAZA),  Said  MCHAWGAMA  Rally  for  Change 
  and  Democracy  (RACHADE),  Hassan  HACHIM;  Union  for  Democracy  and 
  Decentralization  (UNDC),  Mohamed  Taki  Halidi  IBRAHAM;  Rally  for 
  Democracy  and  Renewal  (RDR);  Comoran  Popular  Front  (FPC),  Mohamed 
  HASSANALI  Mohamed  El  Arif  OUKACHA  Abdou  MOUSTAKIM  (Secretary 
  General) 
 
  Member  of:  ACCT,  ACP,  AfDB  AL  CCC,  ECA,  FAO,  FZ  G-77,  IBRD,  ICAO, 
  IDA,  IDB,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  (associate),  ILO,  IMF,  INTELSAT 
  (nonsignatory  user),  IOC,  ITU,  NAM,  OAU,  OIC,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO, 
  UNIDO  UPU,  WHO  WMO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Mohamed  Ahamadu  DJIMBANAO  (ambassador  to 
  the  US  and  Canada) 
  chancery:  (temporary)  care  of  the  Permanent  Mission  of  the  Federal  and 
  Islamic  Republic  of  the  Comoros  to  the  United  Nations,  336  East  45th 
  Street,  2nd  Floor,  New  York,  NY  10017 
  telephone:  [1]  (212)  972-8010 
  FAX:  [1]  (212)  983-4712 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  none;  ambassador  to  Port  Louis, 
  Mauritius,  is  accredited  to  Comoros 
 
  Flag:  green  with  a  white  crescent  in  the  center  of  the  field,  its 
  points  facing  upward;  there  are  four  white  five-pointed  stars  placed 
  in  a  line  between  the  points  of  the  crescent;  the  crescent,  stars,  and 
  color  green  are  traditional  symbols  of  Islam;  the  four  stars  represent 
  the  four  main  islands  of  the  archipelago  -  Mwali,  Njazidja  Nzwani 
  and  Mayotte  (a  territorial  collectivity  of  France,  but  claimed  by 
  Comoros);  the  design,  the  most  recent  of  several,  is  described  in  the 
  constitution  approved  by  referendum  on  7  June  1992 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  One  of  the  world's  poorest  countries,  Comoros  is  made  up  of 
  several  islands  that  have  poor  transportation  links,  a  young  and 
  rapidly  increasing  population,  and  few  natural  resources.  The  low 
  educational  level  of  the  labor  force  contributes  to  a  subsistence 
  level  of  economic  activity,  high  unemployment,  and  a  heavy  dependence 
  on  foreign  grants  and  technical  assistance.  Agriculture,  including 
  fishing,  hunting,  and  forestry,  is  the  leading  sector  of  the  economy. 
  It  contributes  40%  to  GDP,  employs  80%  of  the  labor  force,  and 
  provides  most  of  the  exports.  The  country  is  not  self-sufficient  in 
  food  production;  rice,  the  main  staple,  accounts  for  90%  of  imports. 
  The  government  is  struggling  to  upgrade  education  and  technical 
  training,  to  privatize  commercial  and  industrial  enterprises,  to 
  improve  health  services,  to  diversify  exports,  and  to  reduce  the  high 
  population  growth  rate.  Continued  foreign  support  is  essential  if  the 
  goal  of  4%  annual  GDP  growth  is  to  be  reached  in  the  late  1990s. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $370  million  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  0.9%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $700  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  15%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  15.8%  (1989) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $83  million 
  expenditures:  $92  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $32 
  million  (1992) 
 
  Exports:  $13.7  million  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  vanilla,  ylang-ylang,  cloves,  perfume  oil,  copra 
  partners:  US  44%,  France  40%,  Germany  6%,  Africa  5%  (1992) 
 
  Imports:  $40.9  million  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  rice  and  other  foodstuffs,  petroleum  products,  cement, 
  consumer  goods 
  partners:  France  34%,  South  Africa  14%,  Kenya  8%,  Japan  4%  (1992) 
 
  External  debt:  $160  million  (1992  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  -6.5%  (1989  est.);  accounts  for  6% 
  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  16,000  kW 
  production:  17  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  27  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  perfume  distillation,  textiles,  furniture,  jewelry, 
  construction  materials,  soft  drinks 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  40%  of  GDP;  most  of  population  works  in 
  subsistence  agriculture  and  fishing;  plantations  produce  cash  crops 
  for  export  -  vanilla,  cloves,  perfume  essences,  copra;  principal  food 
  crops  -  coconuts,  bananas,  cassava;  world's  leading  producer  of 
  essence  of  ylang-ylang  (for  perfumes)  and  second-largest  producer  of 
  vanilla;  large  net  food  importer 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY80-89),  $10  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $435  million;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $22  million; 
  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $18  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Comoran  franc  CF  =  100  centimes 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Comoran  francs  CF  per  US$1  -  297.07  (January  1995), 
  416.40  (1994),  254.57  (1993),  264.69  (1992),  282.11  (1991),  272.26 
  (1990) 
  note:  beginning  12  January  1994,  the  Comoran  franc  was  devalued  to  75 
  per  French  franc  from  50  per  French  franc  at  which  it  had  been  fixed 
  since  1948 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Comoros:Transportation 
 
  Railroads:  0  km 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  750  km 
  paved:  bituminous  210  km 
  unpaved:  crushed  stone,  gravel  540  km 
 
  Ports:  Fomboni  Moroni,  Mutsamudo 
 
  Merchant  marine:  none 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  4 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  3 
 
  Comoros:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  over  1,800  telephones;  sparse  system  of  radio  relay 
  and  high-frequency  radio  communication  stations  for  interisland  and 
  external  communications  to  Madagascar  and  Reunion 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  high  frequency  radio  and  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  high  frequency  radio 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  1,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  0 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Comoros:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Comoran  Security  Force 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  117,349;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  70,178  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  $NA,  NA%  of  GDP 
 
 
 




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