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  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Congreve  \Con"greve\,  n.  [After  Sir  William  Congreve,  the 
  1.  Short  for 
  {Cogreve  rocket},  a  powerful  form  of  rocket  formerly  used  in 
  war,  either  in  the  field  or  for  bombardment.  In  the  former 
  case  it  was  armed  with  shell,  shrapnel,  or  other  missiles; 
  in  the  latter,  with  an  inextinguishable  explosive 
  material,  inclosed  in  a  metallic  case.  It  was  guided  by  a 
  long  wooden  stick. 
  2.  Short  for 
  {Congreve  match},  an  early  friction  match,  containing 
  sulphur,  potassium  chlorate,  and  antimony  sulphide.